The world is changing rapidly, replacing the old traditional technologies come new. This also applies to agriculture.
Farmers are constantly looking for new approaches to farming. In a world of increasing the number of farms involved in alternative agriculture. Russia in this respect, too, is not far behind. In this article we describe the non-traditional crop and livestock production in our country.
While the ostrich breeding is somewhat unusual for Russian business, but every year the number of ostrich farms increases. No more difficult to breed ostriches any other poultry.
The low cost of labor, feed, and make the land cost of ostrich products below the cost of pig production, while margins can reach 50% and above. Also, breeding ostrich almost no waste. Ostriches tolerate our climate. 20 degrees of frost them completely terrible.
Meat — the most demanded product ostrich because it is low in cholesterol (49 mg/100 g). It is considered the best dietary meat. Buy ostrich supermarkets, restaurants, people who care about their health and just foodies. This bird is very productive — one African ostrich gives 40 goals for the year of offspring (about 1.8 tons of meat) of usable over 407 days to implement.
Ostrich skin is an expensive material for the manufacture of bags, shoes, clothes and accessories. A thin, durable and incredibly socks. It equates to a snake and crocodile skin. Ostrich eggs are used for culinary purposes, and shell make various souvenirs. Ostrich feathers are used for cleaning particularly sensitive machinery and parts.
At 60 km from the capital of Russia in Serpukhov District is a unique farm, raising ostriches "Russian ostrich." In addition to the sale of meat, skins and eggs, they give tours to the public, and by earning it. As you can see, the breeding of ostriches — quite a profitable business in Russia.
Japanese quails are bred almost 200 years, while in Russia found out about this recently. In the Bryansk region is the largest Russian quail farm "Snowball", with more than 70,000 quail. This type of animal has a lot of advantages.
First of all, Perepelovodstvo quickly pays for itself. In quail precocity is 3 times higher than in rabbits. One week of life quail chicken corresponds to 3.5 weeks of life. Weight of eggs laid per year quail, which is 24 times greater than the mass of her body, in chickens, this figure is equal to 1:8.
For breeding quail do not need large areas, as they are mostly kept in cages. Low demands on the conditions of detention and almost daily egg-laying poultry, attract lovers. Quail meat and eggs are dietary products and are used in treating a number of diseases. In the quail eggs contain a lot of potassium, iron, phosphorus, vitamins B1 and B2. Quail farm products can be found in almost any supermarket and restaurant.
In our country, this kind of animal is just developing. On the lands of the Kuban, near Primorsko-Akhtarsk few years has grown snails imported from France. It is the only large farm in Russia. The place chosen for the farm Swiss investor, last Russian. In Primorsko-for snails suitable climate: humid and warm.
These mollusks grow in special enclosures in the open. Every little snail brings a year of about 20 kg of seed. Now the farm "grazing" about 500,000 of terrestrial molluscs. Snails reach commercial size in 4 months, after which they are sent for recycling.
Ready meals and semi-finished products made right in the farm shops. The day stuffed with more than 10,000 shells of snails. Delicacies from Primorsko-Akhtarsk can be found in supermarkets St. Petersburg, Moscow and Rostov-on-Don. Snail meat is very popular in Europe. They are renowned cuisine of France, Italy and Spain. This meat is rich in magnesium, calcium, iron, and it is easily absorbed by the body.
Astrakhan, in addition to watermelon, now famous for frog meat. Russian buyer for a long time will be surprised octopus and mussels, shark liver or ostrich tenderloin. Take and do not disdain. But the product that is produced at the farm Astrakhan young entrepreneur Alexander Nevredinovym, local foodies turn up his nose. We are not used to eat frogs!
Frog legs are not yet enjoys great demand in Astrakhan stores, but local producer of exports to France, China and several other countries. Recently, interest in exotic goods chain stores in Moscow. The profitability of production is about 50 percent, the total monthly income — tens of thousands of dollars.
Meat native frog in the biological indicators are much more valuable overseas, although a bit darker in appearance. In its properties, it can be compared with pike or even caviar.
Russia can boast of an alternative crop. Bashkortostan Government supported the project of alternative crops leading fitoterapevta Mikhail Gordeev. The essence of this project is to use the capabilities of fallow land in the cultivation of medicinal herbs on them.
In all developed countries of the world have long used natural herbal products. The market of medicinal plants is estimated at tens of billions of dollars and growing.
With the successful development of this project, Russia will be able to export their raw materials to other regions and abroad, becoming a leading participant in the market of medicinal plants.
Breeding kiwi. Enthusiastic biologist Henry Straton brought a new variety of kiwi, is not afraid of the most severe winters. From his site, he has already received a ton of berries.
This year, in the Nizhny Novgorod region decided to plant a new culture — amaranth. Under it will be allocated 1.5 thousand hectares. This is a fairly new on the Russian agricultural crops. Attention to it due to the richness and balance of protein, high in vitamins and mineral salts. We are edible amaranth and stems and leaves, and seeds. Culture has a high nutritional value.
And in Sakhalin planned cultivation of bamboo. This culture is growing rapidly and is able to ensure the production of cellulose in a continuous loop.
With the right approach, alternative agriculture holds considerable promise for increasing productivity of agricultural sector.