The process of giving birth

The process of giving birth

Childbirth — one of the most exciting moments in a woman's life. Pregnant women who are well aware of all the stages of a generic process and psychologically prepared for the upcoming event, give birth much easier.

The process of labor is divided into three periods:

  1. Frequency of disclosure.As a result of regular contractions (involuntary muscle contractions of the uterus) is disclosure cervix.
  2. The period of the expulsion of the fetus from the uterus. Attempts to join the fray — arbitrary (that is controlled by the woman in labor) to reduce abdominal muscles. Babymoves through the birth canal and is born.
  3. Successive period. There is birth the placenta and membranes.

Dilating stage of labor

The fact that labor has begun or about start, evidenced by the appearance of regular contractions and / or rupture of membranes. Contractions — is recurrent involuntary muscle contractions of the uterus, aimed at shortening anddisclosure cervix. Normally, the length of the cervix is 3-5 cm and a diameter of just a few millimeters. And for the birth of a child is necessary that the cervix is fully opened and shortened to9-10 see

Disclosure period is the longest in the process of giving birth. In the natural birth this period continues in nulliparous 10-11 hours, multifarious — 6-7 hours.

At the beginning of this period, a regular contractions that last15-20 seconds at intervals of about 15 minutes. With the opening of the cervix contractions intensified, becoming more prolonged and the intervals between them shortened. When a break between contractions in 10 minutes, you need to go to the maternity hospital.

In the period of the opening is recommended to walk, to move, to breathe, to take a warm shower or bath. These measures contribute to a more rapid the cervix, while reducing the painful sensation. You can ask a husband or a midwife to have a massage of the lumbar — this will reduce the discomfort of labor.

Second period birth

Most women agree that the end of the opening phase, before the onset of the second stage of labor — the most difficult. The contractions become frequent and painful, anesthesia is usually at this point is no longer valid, accumulated fatigue, can not push yet. The condition of many women at this point is described by one single phrase: "All! I can not go! ". The only consolation is that it lasts long.

After a full cervical dilatation doctor says maternity push. A woman usually feels very strong urge "to push" the child from the birth canal. These impulses are called vain attempts.

Attempts to be effective, must be properly and correctly to make an effort to breathe. Prior attempts have to collect a deep breath, hold your breath and try to effectively tighter. It is important not to strain during any attempts face and feet, and vice versa — as relaxing as possible. In the vain attempts also to relax and rest.

Second period labor lasts from 15 minutes to two hours, with the multifarious this stage is shorter than in nulliparous. During this period, particularly doctors are closely monitoring the condition of mother and fetus (regularly listen to the heartbeat, etc.).

Meanwhile,baby progressing on genital tract. At the height of one of the vain attempts of the genital slit shows the lower pole of the head (or buttocks — in breech presentation), after attempts to head hidden in the genital slit. This process — vrezyvanie head — goes on for some time. At some point, the pole head remains in the genital slit and in between pushing. Under the influence of the ongoing eruption begins any attempts heads, which continues up to its full birth. There are very few. Just a few vain attempts — and all the child is born.

The newborn is placed on the mother's abdomen (ideally), and they some time to know each other, have a rest after delivery. Then the midwife or the doctor cuts the umbilical cord and carries a child for appropriate treatment, bathing, measurements of the weighing- and inspection of the pediatrician.

Through 10-15 minutes after the birth of a child can be applied to the chest. This helps to reduce uterine milk production.

The third stage of labor

The last stage of labor — the birth of the placenta — the shortest. Usually, the last born through 10-20 minutes after birth. Perhaps for this mom take a little tighter.

If the latter is not separated for more than 30 minutes delay doctors diagnose child seats in the uterus and begin to take emergency measures.

Placenta is carefully considered to ensure its integrity. If all goes well, that is the last completely separated, the woman is sewn up tears or cuts (if any). After that, she put a heating pad on your stomach with ice and watch for a while in the delivery room (1,5-2hours).

In this process of birth is over, and for the mother and baby begins a new life.

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