British scientists are warning about a new very dangerous disease that can have much more impact for swine flu. It is about the bacterial gene NDM-1, which is easily transferred from one bacterial species to another and is extremely insensitive to the most powerful antibiotics.
His name NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-lactamase-1) is required in India. As the researchers at Cardiff University (UK) in an article posted in the latest issue of the authoritative medical journal Lancet, the first time the so-called superbakteryya was discovered a year ago in the intestinal flora of one Swede. Like many other western tourists, mostly British, Swedes visited India to a relatively small amount of money for to go under the surgeon's knife. Back home, the man initially felt some discomfort, similar to what happens during an acute respiratory infection. Poor health was long, but the heat did not znizhalasya. Taking medicines, in the end quite strong, proved inconclusive. On the contrary, the treatment allegedly contributed to the development of the disease unexplained origin.
Something like that around the same time and there was one Belgian. Ethe man traveling by car on India and Pakistan, was in an accident, the result was taken to a local hospital. Upon returning home — the same unusual pattern as in the Swede.
In This year, availability superbakteryi formally expressed in dozens of people in other Western countries — the U.S., Canada, the Netherlands, Britain, and Australia. Many of them also do so-called "medical tour" in South Asia, especially in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh …
As the leading Australian doctor — infectious disease clinic at the University of Canberra Peter Kolnan, who now oversees
for the three "fresh" sick NDM-1, "is that there is now a hospital in the West, this is just the tip of the iceberg. Soon, doctors face a much larger number of such patients."
As for the UK, which recorded 50 cases superinfektsyi, including several deadly consequences, the Ministry of Health of the country declared its concern in this regard to the present situation. According to experts, these statements are extremely rare.
As evidenced by one of the specialists of British Health Protection Agency doctor David Livermor, "In some cases, the symptoms were mild, in others — is extremely strong, up to a blood infection." According Livermora as NDM-1 gene was found in two bacteria — pathogens of pneumonia and E. coli. However, it is obvious that fermenty NDM-1 also syntezuyutstsa many other bacteria, which can cause bacterial strain zvyshustoylivaga even the strongest to the most modern types of antibiotics from the group karbapenemav. The problem is compounded by the fact that in the next 10 — 20 years of the occurrence of any new effective antibiotics is not expected. In other words, a patient who suffers from NDM-1 is practically nothing will help.
As the doctors, now the main task they see the detection of patients in a short form of the infection and isolation. For now, experts say, the vast majority of patients with bacterial contamination of NDM-1 can be treated with combined antibiotics.
In turn, the health department recommends that doctors carefully observe the usual hygiene measures, including the cleaning of hospitals, sterilization of instruments and equipment, and basic washing of hands.
"All hospitals should keep the infection under control and prevent its spread, said the Ministry of Health in the UK. This should be specified, not the patient took treatment abroad and sending tests for examination to the Health Protection Agency."
So far, say in the ministry, the number of cases is relatively small, and the Agency continues to monitor the situation and promote the development of new antibiotics, together with colleagues from other countries. "
Meanwhile, India's political circles considered to be in the Lancet a new theory by British scientists of the gene responsible for rezystentnasts antibiotics, "the theory of a conspiracy against the country." On the eve of India's Ministry of Health said that the study could cause a panic. Authority also condemned the proposed name of the new scholars gene NDM -1 (New Delhi metallo-lactamase-1), which means "new Delhi metal laktkamaz-1."