A polyp is difficult to find — it does not hurt! But the disease progresses and the risk to health is growing. As far as polyps are dangerous if they can develop into cancer?
Polyp — a benign tumor on the leg, hanging from the walls of the hollow body into the lumen may be located in any part of the digestive tract.
Polyps are classified into types depending on the structure, shape, quantity and level of potential onkoriska.
The most difficult time to diagnose and detect polyps due to a possible lack of clinical symptoms and pain.
Colon polyps — some of the most dangerous tumors because of the high risk of degeneration into a cancerous tumor.
The risk of degeneration of a polyp to a malignant tumor growing:
- proportional polyp growth (about 50 percent of cases);
- when diagnosing villous polyps (about 35 percent) or villous tumor (about 90 percent);
- with "multiple" polyposis colon cancer (about 90 percent), etc.
The disease is, no symptoms
Colon polyps are often asymptomatic, but can become the cause of rectal bleeding, mucus in the feces, constipation or diarrhea, discomfort in the bowel, rarely — pain (no clear localization).
It should be borne in mind that dangerous symptom — frequent rectal bleeding — may indicate a high risk of degeneration of polyps into cancer. In this bleeding usually are chronic.
But these symptoms are not specific, that is unique to this disease. It is crucial to diagnosis.
To detect polyps need to conduct a comprehensive survey. After examination by Coloproctologists can be assigned to these types of instrumental diagnostics, such as:
— sigmoidoscopy (Intestinal study area (30 cm) using an endoscope);
— Colonoscopy (Complex endoscopic examination of the intestine);
— ergography (Intestinal radiography using a contrast agent);
— Biopsy of the polyp in order to clarify its histological structure, risk assessment degeneration into cancer;
— and other studies (by the physician-Coloproctologists).
Modern diagnostic methods are available to all patients of the medical center ON CLINIC.
Who is at risk?
Found that people living in the city, mostly consume high-calorie foods with a high content of animal fat with a small amount of fiber.
All this contributes to reducing intestinal contractile activity, release of toxic substances adversely affecting its mucosa, intestinal disturbance, and change the composition of the microflora enzymes of microbial origin.
One of the main factors for the development of polyps — heredity.
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease contribute to the development of pathological changes (dysplasia) of the mucous membrane of the colon.
Sedentary lifestyles and related constipation— A secondary contributor to prolonged exposure to toxic substances to the mucosa of the colon.
It is worth remembering only timely diagnosis and treatment of polyps, the patient is given the opportunity to prevent the development of cancer.
The disease can be prevented
A special point of a doctor Coloproctologists ON CLINIC — preventive research. To this end, a colonoscopy.
After 40-50 years of medical checkup Coloproctologists 1 required once a year, a colonoscopy — one every three years. But we should take this issue more individually.
Undergo regular screening at a younger age should:
- if the patient's family have been cases of polyps, colon cancer;
- if the patient was previously diagnosed chronic bowel disease;
- with eating disorders, sedentary lifestyle, frequent constipation;
- the appearance of intestinal discomfort, pain and other unpleasant symptoms.
The basis of the prevention of colon cancer — early detection of asymptomatic polyps and timely surgical treatment.
Any detected polyps requires, above all, a thorough research and then immediate surgery to avoid the appearance of life-threatening complications.
Surgical treatment is carried out with the use of endoscopic equipment with which capture and pinch the foot of the polyp. This is followed by a mandatory histological study material taken.
Effective treatment of polyps in the ON CLINIC
Modern diagnostic equipment and sparing surgery techniques allow doctors Coloproctologists Multipurpose Medical Centre ON CLINIC diagnose and effectively treat polyps of any size, multiple types (including villous adenomas).
Thanks to the introduction of modern methods of treatment endosurgical (transanal endoscopic microsurgery) operations are conducted out-patient, and the patient's performance is restored as soon as possible.
After surgery, the patient is observed in a comfortable outpatient clinic under the supervision of the OH physician. A control endoscopy performed within a year, as a prophylactic measure — every three years.
Doctors Coloproctologists ON CLINIChelp each patient to prevent the development of dangerous disease. And with the help of preventive studies — time to recognize the disease (including asymptomatic polyps), will hold a highly effective treatment in accordance with international standards.
ON CLINIC — modern standards of diagnosis and treatment!