Seven species of bats, including the Red Book, first reported in the state biosphere reserve "Sayano-Shushenskaya" (Krasnoyarsk region) in 2012, bringing the number of species of bats live in the reserve has grown from four to 11, RIA Novosti reported Reserve.
"We are currently at the initial stage of the study of bats. First stage of any research in new territory — inventory, the definition of a view of the area, or it is not. Fact that they are, is a great achievement and discovery," — said the officer Reserve Ph.D. Timur Mohammed.
According to him, the list of bats that inhabit the reserve and not in its buffer zone, added the following species: bicolor Kozhan, kozhanok north, a large tube-, bat kozhanovidny, long-tailed bat, whiskered bat, Myotis steppe. Among them are protected species listed in the regional red book is poorly studied species. In general, a variety of bat species in the reserve "Sayano-Shushenskaya" indicates a favorable environment.
"Bats — a very good indicator of the environment. They are very sensitive to temperature, humidity changes, even more sensitive to changes in ambient air," — said Mohammed.
Reserve plans to continue work on the study of bats, but the problem is that in Russia there are very few experts in this field. For example, in "Sayano-Shushenskoye" reserve inventory bats last held 15 years ago.
"Generally bats — one of the most poorly studied groups of mammals in Russia. Hiropterologiya A — a very rare specialty in Russia. At our whole Krasnoyarsk Territory, Tuva and Khakassia one specialist. Inventory carried out this year in the reserve, and the discovery of new species, suggests that the area we have not explored, that we have a very serious is the problem with the staff, "- said the scientist.
Nature Reserve "Sayano-Shushenskaya" is located in the center of the Western Sayan and Altai-Sayan mountain country in Shushenskoye Ermakov and districts of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This unique natural complex was established on 17 March 1976, in order to maintain the population of sable and study the effects of the Sayano-Shushenskaya reservoir of natural ecosystems. Natural complexes of the territory remained intact: the rivers, mountain lakes, alpine meadows and cedar taiga zone.
Reserve of the Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1985. The reserve area — 390.4 thousand hectares buffer zone — 1.062 square kilometers. The length of the water area of the Sayano-Shushenskaya reservoir within the reserve is 150 kilometers.