Japan, the sun and moon, volcanoes and earthquakes … complete collection of news!

1) The earthquake in Japan could trigger activity of the Sun and the Moon

In Japan, there was a strong earthquake of magnitude 8.8. Then a tsunami up to 10 meters hit the northeast coast of the island of Honshu. There are numerous victims and destruction. Meanwhile, aftershocks continue. The details — the correspondent of "Vesti FM" Sergei Gololobov.

Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said today that the enormous destruction and promised that "the government will do everything possible to minimize the effects of the disaster." He called on the people of Japan to remain calm. Kahn also noted that many people are injured and maimed, hundreds of people are under the rubble. However, according to preliminary data, the Russians in the earthquake were not injured. "We have no data on victims Russians" — "Interfax" press attache of the Russian Embassy in Tokyo Sergei clear. "The Embassy of Russian and foreign institutions in Japan are all safe and well, though a very strong earthquake," — he added.

 

Element caused massive power outages, no electricity were 4 million homes. In Miyagi prefecture automatically disable the three nuclear power plants, radiation leaks were detected. Suspension of the work of several airports, including the international airport "Narita". In the capital, adjacent to Chiba Prefecture burning steel mills. Major fire occurred at a refinery near Tokyo, in Itihara, local media reported. As they say eyewitnesses, the fire looks impressive: over the territory of the plant raised huge fire clubs. Earlier it was reported that Tokyo quake collapsed roof of the house receptions Kudan Kaikan — the venue of many formal events. A lot of people were injured. Most of the highway on the Japanese island of Honshu destroyed.

 

As for the tsunami, it is, according to scientists, in addition to Japan, threatening a number of countries, including Russia, Indonesia and the Mariana Islands. In addition, high waves can collapse and to more distant countries, including Taiwan, the Philippines and even to Hawaii, Mexico and the Pacific coast of South America. Russian scientists are looking for the cause of the earthquake, and say that it could trigger processes on the Sun and the Moon position. Thus, the Moon is located in the most accurate over the decades to the point in its orbit the Earth — at a distance of 350,000 kilometers. Her weight has an effect on the lithosphere of the Earth, scientists say. The sun is at the peak of his activity in the past few years, and just recently another outbreak caused major magnetic storm on Earth. According to Russian scientists, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands are at the moment in the highest seismic risk.

Source: vesti.ru.2) On the Sun there was a second outbreak of a perfect score in the new 24th solar cycle Image Observatory SDO line 94 A near the maximum flash: 02:30 10 March 2011 (MSK)

In the sun at about 2 am, Moscow time, after a break of almost a month, there was a second in the new 24-second cycle of solar activity outbreak perfect score X. Exact score event was X1.5. This means that the capacity of the new event by about one third as long as it gives a record outbreak of February 15, 2011, which had a score of X2.2. Outbreak was the result of the largest in this cycle burst of activity in the last five days in the sun were more than 70 outbreaks, 14 of which were classified as event points M (fourth, penultimate class on a five point scale). For comparison, for the whole of 2010 there were 22 flares of M, the year before, in 2009, no one but him in the previous 2008 — only one. X events perfect score on the Sun have been reported since December 2006.

Flash feature, in addition to power, and its position is. Area in 1166, where the event occurred, is located almost at the central meridian of the sun in front of the Earth (at the time of the flash, it was offset with respect to the Sun-Earth is 10 degrees). Such a situation is extremely geoeffective, ie emission of plasma from the Sun's atmosphere, which are almost always accompanied by large outbreaks, with very high probability zadenut Earth. In general, magnetic storms after flares are the exception rather than the rule, since the flare emissions are distributed in a narrow angular sector and in most cases pass by Earth. So in 2011, of the four, only one magnetic storms, February 18, was the result of a solar flare, and she was accompanied by just a record of the X class event on February 15. The remaining three were called magnetic storms hit the Earth in high-speed solar wind streams. It is likely that today's event will be 3-4 days after the cause of the second flare storm this year.

Currently, the Earth is not received data from space coronagraphs able to observe directly the volume of plasma ejected by the Sun, and to determine their direction. Once that happens, it will be possible to give a definitive answer about the strength of a possible disturbance. The most important characteristic of the emission to be measured, is its speed. It was from her will depend on both the time when it reaches the Earth's orbit, and that the force with which it hit the Earth's magnetosphere. Once these data become available, they will be published on the site.

Laboratory of X-ray astronomy of the Sun (FIAH)
Source: tesis.lebedev.ru.

3)
In Kamchatka, the three active volcano

In Kamchatka, just three active volcano, RIA Novosti reported with reference to the representative of the Kamchatka branch of the Geophysical Service RAS. According to him, Karymsky, Kizimen and Shiveluch one day throw a few columns of ash. The scientist said that the slopes of the three volcanoes avalanches.

Researchers have documented more than 420 seismic events in Kizima. He throws the ash to a height of 5.7 km above sea level. Two other volcanoes also emit ash to great heights.

According to data from the satellite, in the crater Kizimov observed thermal anomaly: the temperature in the crater varies with the environment by 60 degrees Celsius.

All three volcanoes, according to the source, assigned orange level of aviation hazards. True, he noted that the flight line do not pass on these volcanoes. The highest level of danger is red.

Karymskaya Volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Kamchatka. Its eruption began in 1996 and continues to this day. Kizimen become more active in October 2010 and prior to that last erupted in 1920. Shiveluch has intensified in 2006.

Source: lenta.ru.4) Americans warned of tsunami

Tsunami Warning Center in the U.S. (Tsunami Warning Center) issued a press release in which it said the danger of a tsunami on the west coast of the country, including the states of California, Washington and Oregon. Reported by the Associated Press. Americans urged to leave the coastal areas and to stay on high ground.

 

Earlier, a similar warning issued Pacific Centre of the National Weather Service of USA (US National Weather Service). It extended to the State of Hawaii, as well as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico and other countries. As the channel NBC, Hawaii registered a small earthquake.

 

According to the American meteorologists coast of Hawaii waves can reach is 11 March at 02:45 local time (15:45 GMT). At the same time or before the tsunami may go to Alaska. The inhabitants of the American West should expect a tsunami after about 07:00 (18:00 GMT). The expected time of occurrence of a tsunami in the U.S. cities are here.

 

Tsunami warning after earthquake in Japan published a dozen countries around the world. In Russia on tsunami warning residents of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Southern Kuriles as a precaution evacuated 11,000 people. It is reported that the height of the surviving islands waves reached three meters.

 

The earthquake occurred the morning of 11 March, 130 kilometers off the coast of Japan's Miyagi prefecture. Its magnitude was 8.9. Following the tremors covered Japan tsunami, the height of which in some sections of the coast was more than ten meters.

 

In Japan, the victims of the earthquake and subsequent tsunami were, at last count, more than 30 people. Government of Japan announced the March 11 earthquake the most devastating in the history of the country.

Source: lenta.ru.5) In Hawaii, Kilauea volcano eruption (photos + video)

In Hawaii, Kilauea volcano eruption, which is considered one of the most active volcanoes on the planet.

 

 

Fountains of lava hitting a height of 20 meters. After one of the walls collapsed crater, lava flows poured down the cracks, according to the "Voice of America".

 

 

Local authorities have decided not to evacuate the tourists, but they move around the island is limited due to the natural disaster. Thus, the leadership of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was closed for the passage of the road near the volcano.

 

 

The entire volcanic ash is south wind in the ocean, so the situation at the moment is no threat. If the wind changes, it can cause serious problems, according to TSN.

 

Kilauea, whose name translates as "that which is cast," is an active shield volcano on the island of Hawaii. This is one of the youngest, but also one of the most active volcanoes on the planet. The last eruption of Kilauea began in 1983 and continues to this day. March 6, 2011 the volcano has entered a phase of intense activity.

 

Previously, we reported the eruptions of volcanoes such as Bromo on the Indonesian island of Java and Bulusan on the Philippine island of Luzon.

 

Eruption of Kilauea Volcano:

6) After the earthquake in Japan began erupting volcano in Indonesia

Karangetang volcano, considered one of the most active in Indonesia, began erupting on Friday, a few hours after a massive earthquake in Japan, told an Indian TV channel Al-Di-T-Vee.

The representative of Indonesia's management for tracking volcanoes Agus Budianto said authorities began evacuating people living at the foot of a volcano on the island of Siau in North Sulawesi province.

TV channel broadcast footage of the visible lava flows and clouds of gas escaping from the Karangetanga.

Reports of those killed or injured have been reported yet. Last eruption of a volcano on the island of Siau occurred in August 2010, when the disaster took the lives of four people.

Meanwhile, the Indonesian government announced a tsunami warning that was formed by an earthquake off the coast of Japan. The country carried out the evacuation. By decision of the government to leave their homes, people living in areas at a height lower than two meters above sea level.

In addition, in Indonesia at risk of closure of all airports.

Source: www.interfax.com.ua.7) NASA: Earthquake in Japan shortened earth day

One of the most powerful in the history of Japan and the entire planet earthquake that struck Friday, according to scientists, reduced the terrestrial day by 1.6 microseconds and shifted the planet's own axis by about 15 centimeters, according to the expert's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) NASA Richard Gross. Gross, who in 2010 carried out a similar assessment of the earthquake in Chile, said that in his theoretical calculations, the Japanese earthquake "shook" the earth is Chilean, RIA "Novosti".

"According to my calculations, the length of the day should be reduced by 1.6 microseconds (millionths of a second — ed.). Earthquake in Chile gave, in my opinion, a reduction of approximately 1.2 microseconds, "- said the scientist.

He added that according to his calculations, the so-called Earth's own axis (figure axis — the axis around which the Earth is balanced by weight) was to move about 15 inches to the side of the 139 degrees East, which is two times more than the Chilean cataclysm in 2010 — then the axis shifted by eight centimeters towards the 112th degree east longitude.

"The earth does not revolve around the axis around which its mass is balanced. If the wheel of your car is not balanced, it will shake, vibrate to avoid this, you spend it balancing axis. That Earth vibrates just "- said Gross.

Thus, the Japanese earthquake will greatly affect the Earth's rotation than Chilean, concluded the agency. The effect has both magnitude and location of the source and its mechanism — how it is shifting layers of the Earth's crust at the time of the earthquake.

Gross noted that the estimated reduction in test day observations fails because it is too small.

"But it is likely that the shift its axis by 15 centimeters, if my calculations are correct, we will be able to find in these GPS. That is what we are doing now, "- said the scientist.

According to the newspaper VIEW, formerly at the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Italy said that according to their calculations, the earthquake has shifted the Earth's axis by about 10 centimeters.

On Friday, Japan was the strongest in the country's history an earthquake of magnitude 8.9. This was followed by a tsunami. According to the latest official reports, 137 people were killed, 544 injured, 345 missing. According to Japanese media, the total number of victims may exceed one thousand.

Source: vz.ru.

8)
Because of the Japanese earthquake earth was spinning faster

The massive earthquake in Japan has led to a shift in the Earth's own axis (around which the planet is balanced by mass) at 15 cm and to reduce the length of Earth's day by 1.6 microseconds. These preliminary estimates cited in an interview with Itar-Tass scientist Richard Gross of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, located in Pasadena (California).

Experts estimate that the Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology Centre of Geodesy and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), following earthquakes in Japan shift the Earth's axis was 10 cm

Available NASA there is no exact results of specific observations, but there are estimates, said Ross. "These calculations indicate that the length of Earth's day was shortened by 1.6 microseconds, and the axis around which the mass balance, was shifted by 15 cm in the direction of the 139 degrees east," — said the laboratory. He explained that the proper axis of the Earth, which is not to be confused with the axis of rotation of the planet, "shifted constantly" under the influence of any event that causes a change in the mass distribution of large objects on the surface. "Length of days is changing, just as the skater increases the speed of the body on the ground, pressing his hands to his sides. Earthquake in Japan shifted the mass of the Earth so that the planet was spinning faster. Accordingly length of the day was reduced" — continued Ross.

He compared the cataclysm in Japan since last year's earthquake off the coast of Chile. It shifted the Earth's own axis by 8 cm in the direction of the 112th degree east longitude, and reduced the length of a day by 1.26 microseconds. Thus, the Japanese earthquake shifted the axis by almost two times more than the Chilean, noted scientist, adding that in 2010 used the same model calculations, it is now.

"For our planet on a global scale, such powerful tremors devastating consequences do not bear," — says Ross. "Own the Earth's axis is shifting all the time in the pressure in the atmosphere, moving bodies of water in the oceans and other phenomena. These factors are much more powerful than the calculated effect of the earthquake," — concluded NASA scientist.

Source: vesti.ru.9) Past 03/10/11 flash points higher X will have no consequences for the Earth

On Earth, with some delay, received data koronograficheskih observations of the Sun, which occurred subsequent to March 10 flash points higher X X. Currently, there are three space coronagraph that can be observed directly ejected from the solar plasma volumes at distances of up to several tens of millions of kilometers. This LASCO coronagraph on board the satellite SOHO, working at L1 gravitational balance between the Earth and the Sun, and two coronagraph COR, installed on the machine, stereo (U.S.). The two satellites, launched in 2006, are now on the right and left of the sun at an angle close to 90 degrees. Because of this, they can watch the plasma emissions at Earth in a perfect projection — almost exactly in the plane. As a result of image processing in the solar neighborhood were not registered movement of large masses of material that could be thrown from the upper atmosphere of the sun flare explosion. In addition, were found to reduce the brightness of the solar corona in the vicinity of the flare region, which indicates the departure of a coronal mass into interplanetary space. Thus, Flash, despite its power, it seems, does not lead to a discharge plasma and, therefore, devoid of any physical bearing on the Earth. Outbreak occurred yesterday, as strong event the past four years from 15 February 2011, located near the central solar meridian, that is, the area where the solar activity, in principle, can have the most impact on the Earth. Emission of plasma from the flare region could reach Earth between 12 and 14 March, depending on their speed. Now, given the overall decline of the flare activity in the past two days, compared with a splash of March 7-9, geomagnetic and radiation environment around the Earth, apparently in time to stabilize. So far in 2011, there was a five magnetic storms: January 7, 5 and 18 February, 1 March and last today, March 11. So far, only one of which was associated with the solar flare — a storm of February 18, while accompanying the largest X-class flare in this series of 15 February 2011. All other storms, including today, have been associated with a hit Earth in the disturbed region of interplanetary space, which increased the speed and temperature of the solar wind. Today's storm is predicted on March 1. Laboratory of X-ray astronomy of the Sun (LPI)

Source: TESIS.

SQL - 17 | 0,661 сек. | 7.44 МБ