Do PTRC «Iskander» chances on the global market instruments
The advantages of these missiles are Quasiballistic line movement, the highest rate of flight, the ability to saturated maneuvers and the possibility of introducing YABCH. First, they need to be equipped with a suitable amount of the RF Armed Forces, and then to think about delivery outside. From the perspective of a number of professionals, the actual number of units in the army need not correspond well to parry means possible threats even nuclear warheads. On the other hand, the views of the creator, our PTRC excellent prospects for exports. Yet given materials testify glut tactical ballistic and cruise missiles, ground-launched with different settings.
Since the onset of acute and with all this fruitless debate Moscow, Brussels and Washington about the deployment in Europe, parts of the U.S. missile defense (BMD) Russian operational and tactical missile complex (PTRC) 9K720 «Iskander» became one of the main arguments of an asymmetric response. This PTRC potentially one of the most relevant types of customers zabugornom Russian weapons, which the partners, taking into account the volume of internal order and his top military and political sensitivity, yet soon receive. At the same time, the market tactical and operational-tactical missile systems on land-based currently booming and the presence on it of precision «Iskander-E» would be totally changed its conjuncture.
According to Russian systematization to include tactical ballistic or cruise missiles with a range of up to 100 km to the operational and tactical (OTP) — 100 to a thousand. On the western gradation listed tactical missiles with a range up to 300 km. Rockets theater of operations — from 300 thousand to 3.5.
Export OTP since 1987 regulatory regime to control the proliferation of missile technology (MTCR) — an informal volunteer associations in 34 countries. MTCR restricts exports of missiles with a range of more than three hundred miles, the payload weight of 500 kg and capable of carrying a weapon of mass destruction.
In the armies of a number of foreign countries the main tactical land-based missiles are regarded as an instrument of the past century. For stokilometrovy range at their meet correctable munitions multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS). Traditional missiles with increased range shooting brought to the operational and tactical levels. In the U.S. Armed Forces do not have such systems. The only South American terrestrial OTP — solid rocket ATACMS family development company Lockheed Martin Missile and Fire Control with an inertial guidance system and a range of 140 to 300 km depending on the version — launched from MLRS launchers M270 MLRS (caterpillar based BMP M2 Bradley) and HIMARS (on a wheelbase tactical truck FMTV).
These missiles have proven themselves during the war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003, also massively used by the U.S. Army against the rebel groups with the beginning of the occupation. ATASMS (in operation since 1991) is practically cornered the market on the 10-ka half years, these rockets have been bought by Bahrain, Greece, Turkey, the UAE and South Korea.
Situation changed Israeli company Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI), conducted in 2004, the first tests with a solid PTRC ballistic missile LORA (firing range — up to 280 km) from the inertial control system, complexed with KRNS «Navstar» (GPS) and television head homing. Since 2011 LORA Enters Service IDF. Data on export contracts not, but the main customer for R & D in India is considered a rocket. OTP found a South American concept reflected in the high-precision ballistic missile EXTRA (joint development of IAI and Israel Military Industries) range of up to 150 km, which is run with launchers as Israeli MLRS Lynx, and the American M270 MLRS. In acquiring EXTRA interested numerous countries — holders of units MRLS.
In the armies of the West European countries currently have no tactical or operational-tactical missiles, and no mass production. NE France at the end of the last century had significant supplies OTR Aerospatiale Hades with a range of 480 km, but removed them from service in 1996. One of the rare attempts to design the newest European tactical missiles was the proposal of the German-Swedish consortium TAURUS to create complex ground-based, with a range of 300 km on the basis of ALCM KEPD-350, but further project did not get.
Plenty of plans
Instead liquidated in accordance with the Soviet-American contract on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces 1987 precision PTRC 9K714 «Oka» Kolomna KBM (JSC «SPC» KBM «) in 1991, began development of a new missile complex» Iskander «(project» Tender «) with more features the highest, at the same time satisfying the requirements of the contract. Obsolete 9K72 «Elbrus» — by ordering option eminent western Scud — by this time were retired. Under the contract have not been put complexes 9K79 «Point» and 9K79-1 «Tochka-U» with the greatest range of shooting 70 and 120 km, respectively, which so far are in the army, but should be changed to «Iskander».
Mass production of the newest complexes began in 2006. Finest hour came of November 5, 2008, when President Dmitry Medvedev in his own address to the Federal Assembly of the yearly announced the deployment of «Iskander» in the Kaliningrad region in response to the deployment in Poland and the Czech part of the U.S. missile defense system. Then it caused a real panic in the West, and from that time «Iskander» — permanent sobering argument in this protracted dispute well and in other situations where you need to click on the Russian Federation United States and NATO.
2020 in accordance with the State applets Armaments (GPV-2020) troops should get 120 «Iskander». While only in the Western military environment formed a single connection — 26-Missile Brigade in Luga. Four more in various stages of formation.
Single-stage solid-fuel missile complex «Iskander» 9M723K1 made using the technology of «Stealth». Traversing path — Quasiballistic, management throughout the flight using aerodynamic and gasdynamic rudders. Most of the flight line of motion is at an altitude of about 50 km. Rocket actively maneuvering on source and destination flight phases. Mixed guidance system: inertial (a huge part of the flight) and on final lens. Maybe the introduction of GPS / GLONASS. Range: 500 km — for «Iskander-M» (two missiles on the launcher) and 280 — for export version «Iskander-E» (one missile).
As recently said the official dealer of the Land Forces, Colonel Nikolai Donyushkin, «Iskander» will be equipped with new missiles with ultra-precise all-weather seekers and work in this direction is already underway. Future development of combat capabilities of the complex — the introduction in its composition subsonic cruise missiles P-500 (improved Russian system «Granat») development Yekaterinburg OKB «Innovator» with a range of up to thousands of kilometers. In this version («Iskander-K»), two missiles 9M723K1 replaced vertical container with six F-500. In addition, the «Innovator» in the international market offers GLCM Club-M, using anti-ship missiles and 3M54E 3M54E1 also cruise for attacks on ground targets 3M14E (export version of the F-500).
Very Hot Products
Development of OTP is only towards the creation of high-precision conventional weapons. Powers of the «nuclear club» only China continues to develop missiles of medium and lower range as carriers YABCH. OTP sector presents solid-complexes DF-11 (firing range — 350 km), DF-11A (500) and DF-15 (600).
On the international arms market are progressing development of the last generation — the Russian analogue of «Iskander» M20, a complex of R-12 (firing range — 150-200 km), V-611/V-611M (200-260), WS-2 (200 and more than ), long-range version of the managed mnogokalibernoy MLRS WM-80 (120). On the basis of anti-aircraft guided missiles made M-7 (150) and CF-200 (180). According to various sources, China produces 150 a year to operational-tactical and tactical missiles. Complexes OTP main stationed on the southern coast of the country — near Taiwan. Currently deployed in the area more than a thousand of such complexes.
In turn, Taiwan has developed a ballistic missile Tien Chi c range up to 120 km. Work on a long-range project Tien Ma (960 km), begun in the 70s, were stopped at 90 under pressure from the United States, which did not want the deterioration of relations with the PRC. Another Taiwanese response to China — land-based cruise missile Hsiung Feng IIE (600 km), made on the basis of anti-ship missile Hsiung Feng II.
Importers of different types of Chinese missiles «surface-to-surface» — Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Pakistan.
With the development of modern tactical missile systems modifications «Scud» / «Elbrus» completely transformed into a tool useful only as an instrument of pressure to allow the military-political contradictions and prospects of having only the gray and black market arms sectors.
source of military-industrial courier