March 11 in Japan, there were two powerful earthquakes. The magnitude of the first earthquake was 8.8, the epicenter was located 373 kilometers to the north? East of Tokyo, his focus lies at a depth of 24 kilometers.
Magnitude of 7.1 second. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the earthquake was located 505 kilometers north? East of Tokyo, his focus lies at a depth of 26 kilometers. Strong tremors were felt in Tokyo. The authorities are reported injured.
February 22 in the second largest city in New Zealand, Christchurch, a devastating earthquake that almost leveled the center of the city. Many buildings were destroyed, the central cathedral, several areas are uninhabitable. According to seismologists, the epicenter of the 6.3 magnitude earthquake was located in the vicinity of the city. Hearth tremors occur at a depth of four kilometers. The earthquake killed 147 people. The amount of economic damage is estimated at $ 15 billion.
December 20 powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.5 occurred in Iran. Its epicenter was in Kerman province near the settlement Hoseynabad. Element destroyed at least three settlements, houses that were mostly built of clay. According to agency IRNA, the region broke down all the phone lines. 7 people were killed and hundreds injured.
March 8 in the morning in the province of Elazig in eastern Turkey was a strong earthquake, in which 17 people were killed and 60 were injured, including 20? heavy. Push magnitude 6.0 was recorded in 4.32 local time (5.32 MSK) and caused panic in the province. The earthquake was felt in many parts of eastern Turkey. Since the first quake, the region has been more than 10 earthquakes of magnitude smaller, seismologists reported.
March 4 powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.7 occurred on the island of Taiwan. As a result of quake homes were damaged, destroyed communications, fire broke out in a textile factory. The earthquake was recorded in Kaohsiung in the south? West of the island. According to the Seismological Bureau of China, the epicenter of the underground hit at a depth of 6 km. Tremors felt and residents of Taipei, Taiwan, which is located 400 kilometers from the epicenter of the earthquake. In southern and central parts of the country have been suspended rail service, and in Kaohsiung, the second largest city in Taiwan with a population of half a million people, closed underground. There have been power outages and telephone.
In February? March in Chile, a series of powerful earthquakes.
On the night of February 27, the tremors have been recorded at 115 kilometers north of the located in the central part of the country town of Concepcion (Concepcion), at a depth of 55 kilometers. Seismologists initially reported magnitude 8.5, then about 8.3. After some time, the U.S. Geological Survey has changed again in the midst of performance — up to 8.8. According to eyewitnesses, the earthquake shook even at home in Santiago, which is located approximately 340 kilometers from the epicenter. Tremors lasted for ten to 30 seconds. In some areas of the Chilean capital outage occurred. A few hours later, in central Chile were new tremors of magnitude 6.2. The earthquake triggered a tsunami. According to experts, the height of the wave reached nearly three meters.
About two million Chileans were left homeless and more than 800 people were killed and 1,200 people were missing, damaged 1.5 million homes.
After the earthquake in the region occurred more than a series of powerful aftershocks.
March 4 off the coast of Chile was another earthquake, whose magnitude was 6.1. The epicenter of earthquakes that occurred in 4.59 MSK, situated 39 kilometers to the south? West of the city of Valparaiso and at a depth of 27 kilometrov.11 March was another strong earthquake of magnitude 7.2.
January 12 Two powerful earthquakes within minutes there were a few miles from the coast of Haiti, their magnitude was 7.0 and 5.9 respectively. In the capital Port RQ? Prince after two earthquakes destroyed many buildings, including the Presidential Palace, the headquarters? Apartments UN peacekeeping mission, the Parliament, the tax office, prisons, schools and hospitals.
The disaster killed around 220,000 people, destroyed 250,000 homes, a total of about 3 million affected people. According to experts, the damage from the earthquake? the most destructive natural disaster in modern history of the country? ranges from eight to 14 billion dollars.
In September? October, a series of strong earthquakes in Sumatra (Indonesia).
September 30 was a devastating earthquake of magnitude 7.6, which resulted in numerous destruction and casualties. Earthquakes have been recorded at 17.16 local time (14.16 MSK) to 57 kilometers from the city of Pariaman, West Sumatra province. The epicenter of the earthquake that was felt even in Malaysia and Singapore, was at a depth of 71 kilometers.
A second earthquake of magnitude 6.2 occurred in 17.38 local time (14.38 MSK). Quake epicenter was located 22 kilometers to the south? West Pariamana a depth of 110 kilometers.
According to the UN, the death of at least 1.1 thousand people. Under the rubble were up to 4 thousand people.
The greatest number of deaths? in the Indonesian city of Padang. In Padang destroyed more than 75% of the buildings, damaged pipeline, water supply, communication breakdown.
On the night of April 6, near the historic town of L'Aquila in central Italy, a devastating 5.8 magnitude earthquake that killed 300 people, injured 1.5 thousand more than 50,000 were forced to flee their homes.
On October 29, the Pakistani province of Balochistan in the earthquake of magnitude 6.4 with the epicenter at 70 km north of the city of Quetta (700 km to the south? West of Islamabad) killed 300 people.
May 12 in Sichuan province in southern China, 92 km from the provincial capital? Chengdu city, there was a powerful 7.9 magnitude earthquake that killed up to 87,000 people, 370,000 injured, left homeless 5 million inhabitants. After the main quake was followed by more than ten thousand aftershocks.
Sichuan earthquake was the strongest in China after the Tangshan earthquake (1976), which claimed about 250 000 lives.
August 15, in Peru, in the department of Ica, in 161 km from the capital city of Lima, was the strongest earthquake in recent years. As a result of a magnitude 8 earthquake hit the city on the entire southern coast of the country.
Killed at least 519, and about 1.5 thousand people were injured. Nearly 17,000 people were left without electricity and phone service. More suffered the southern coast of the city, Chincha? Alta, Pisco, Ica, and the capital of Lima.
May 27 an earthquake of magnitude 6.2 on the island of Java in Indonesia, killing 618 people 6000. Hardest hit Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. Quake destroyed about 200,000 homes severely damaged the same number of buildings. Homeless were about 647 thousand people.
October 8 Pakistan earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 was the most powerful of all time seismic monitoring in South Asia. According to official figures, killed more than 73,000 people, including 17,000 children. By some estimates, the death toll was more than 100 thousand people. More than three million Pakistanis homeless.
March 28 off the coast of the Indonesian island of Nias, west of Sumatra, was the most powerful earthquake of magnitude 8.2. Killed about 1300 people.
December 26 at the eastern coast of Indonesian island of Sumatra was one of the strongest and most destructive earthquakes in modern history. The tidal wave caused by this earthquake, a magnitude 8.9, struck the coast of Sri? Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia.
The total number of victims in the tsunami-affected countries still do not know, but according to various sources, the figure is about 230 thousand people.