Next conference of parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) opened in Hyderabad, India, the main topic of the talks, expected to be the mechanisms for the implementation of global strategic decisions taken at the previous meeting in Japan in 2010.
The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was established June 5, 1992 at the United Nations conference on the conservation of the environment and development in Rio de Janeiro. The purpose of the convention — to encourage the international community to apply towards sustainable development and wise use of the planet's resources.
10 years after the signing of the convention 193 member countries have agreed to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction in the rate of disappearance of the global, regional and local scales. However, in 2010, the International Year of Biodiversity, the UN stated that mankind could not achieve this goal.
Previous tenth CBD Conference of Parties to the International Year of Biodiversity held in Nagoya, Japan. Participants after intensive negotiations took so-called "target IT" — a strategic plan for the conservation of biodiversity in 2020. These objectives, in particular, suggest a significant reduction in the rate of destruction of ecosystems, the total eradication of unsustainable practices in the fisheries sector and the development of a national strategy for the conservation of biodiversity, to be prepared by 2015.
The current session in Hyderabad will be the first for the new Executive Secretary of the Convention, the Brazilian Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias (Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias). Diaz, a former National Secretary for Biodiversity and Forests at the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, has replaced the Algerian diplomat Dzhuglafa Ahmed (Ahmed Djoghlaf) in January 2012.
"While we are moving forward on the path to achieving the objectives of Aichi in 2020, while the trend of biodiversity loss remains. Objective reality shows us the gap between the commitments that we have, and our practical actions. Participants should discuss this gap," — says Diaz In his article for publication RTCC.
In his view, the main issue will be the mobilization of financial negotiations resursovdlya achieve new goals in 2010, as well as a monitoring system, designed to ensure monitoring of their implementation.
"It is time to act, we need to direct more resources to the protection of biodiversity and sustainable development. Price of this will be high, but the price of inaction is even higher," — concluded Diaz.