There are 88 "officially recognized" constellations. Of these, 48 are known from ancient times — they were seen by the Greeks and the Babylonians, or even early humans. After the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries, people were able to see the southern part of the sky, and there, too, there was a need to identify constellations. In addition, the whole sky is some voids containing predominantly between a faint stars. Therefore, in more recent times, people also invented the constellation.
Between the bright star Capella and the Big Dipper are two examples of modern constellations: Giraffe and Lynx. Recently mapped the sky Gevelius Johann (1611-1687). When choosing a pet, he preferred feline with great vision. Lynx — an area almost devoid of bright stars and Gevelius admit that you need to have lynx eyes to see this constellation in the sky.
Nicolas Louis de Lakayl (1713-1762) is considered a pioneer of astronomy. In the 1751-1753 years. French astronomer, who lived at that time in South Africa, in just 11 months, the situation has registered 9766 stars (1750 to 1754 he headed the astronomical expedition of the Paris Academy of Sciences at the Cape of Good Hope). These days, it is probably more remembered for the 14 constellations that he identified in the southern sky. All of them consist of very faint stars, and they create picture is not clear. Called Lakayl their constellation in honor of inanimate objects. One example — the pump, known to scientists since 1750. Other open Lakaylem constellations include Compass, Clock, Microscope and Table Mountain, which went out the window of his observatory.
Battery News, 19.05.2004 11:57