Alopecia (this term is called baldness) — A pathological prolapse hair and a serious psychological problem for the individual. After the hair has always been considered a symbol of vitality and energy. In many cultures it was customary to shave the hair on his head as a sign of mourning, and Catholic monks as a sign of renunciation of worldly temptations cut out a circle on the head — the tonsure.
In our time, the belief in the magical role of hair is not as strong odnoko hair
The reasons why people in the background of good health begins to lose hair, can be divided into two main groups: internal and external. The internal causes include hormonal fluctuations, and metabolic disorders, autoimmunity, genetic predisposition. The external — mental state (stress), infection, physical trauma (damage to the skin), the action of toxic substances, etc. Often, all these factors are combined.
What's going on?
Man loses every day from 50 to 150 hair, that is in the normal range. However, the enhanced prolapse hair can cause baldness.
The most common form of baldness is androgenic alopecia, which occurs in both men and women. Approximately 95% of all balding have this form. Next in size — alopecia areata (Less than 4%). For all other types of alopecia, taken together, account for less than 1%.
Contact androgenetic alopecia and the level of male hormones in the blood has been noticed for a long time — no wonder they say about hypersexuality bald men. But here we are talking about individual sensitivity of the hair follicle of each person to the presence of androgens (male sex hormones) in the blood. Moreover, the follicles are more sensitive to androgens in women distributed over the entire surface of the head, and men are on top and on the border of hair growth, which explains the characteristic form of male baldness and its absence in women.
Alopecia areata can occur in both men and women, and children. It usually begins with the appearance on the head a few laps, devoid of hair, but sometimes affects other areas, for example, eyebrows and beard. Prolysiny may eventually move, and can and does overgrown. It is still not clarified the nature of this type of hair loss, but more indicates that it is an autoimmune disease, i.e. immune cells inhibit the growth of their own hair. In addition, almost 30% of the observed genetic predisposition to focal alopecia.
Similar symptoms are observed in secondary syphilis, tinea, discoid lupus erythematosus, traumatic alopecia and trichotillomania (compulsive, the act of hair pulling).
On a sudden stress can occur slowing hair growth, against which the hair loss becomes more prominent. Stress causes the majority of follicles enter a resting phase and after a few months after the stressful event all the "rest" is discarded hair follicles around the same time, and we therefore sadly witnessing increased hair loss. Prior to baldness in this case still far away, but the hair with noticeably thinning.
But do not confuse cause and effect. For example, estrogens (female sex hormones), extend the life cycle of the hair and prevent their growth on the chin, etc. During pregnancy, when a woman's body is literally filled with estrogen, the life cycle of hair longer, thereby increasing the amount of hair. However, after birth, when estrogen levels drop, the hair starts to fall out, which naturally causes great concern. In addition to the above, the massive hair loss is a side effect of cancer chemotherapy patients.
Diagnosis and treatment
However, most people engaged in self-treatment. The belief in the miraculous properties of drugs for baldness has led to a huge number of various tools that are at best a purely cosmetic and not harmful. In fact, the true purpose of shampoos with bio, creams, conditioners — hide hair loss, for example, by increasing the volume of hair. These tools can be used to mask the loss of hair, to the same end uses and wigs. In addition, the mask thinning hair by using the procedure of hair extensions.
There are special treatments for alopecia, but select and apply them should be only after consulting your doctor. All the more so prior to treatment is necessary to identify the true cause of active hair loss.
In addition, to combat hair loss by using the surgical method — hair transplantation. The most promising is the method of transplantation when to areas not prone to hair loss, that is, where the follicles are not responsive to androgens, areas of tissue with hair (1 to is applied to the area of hair loss.