Ryazan region foci of natural focal infections

Rodents.  Photo from animalworld.com.uaSmall rodents can not only spoil the savings pretty, edible and inedible, but also infect dangerous infectious diseases, so-called natural foci, the website of Rospotrebnadzor Ryazan region. This means that the disease spreads in certain areas, and it was there where they live small mammals, which are carriers of pathogens natural focal infections. The region in almost all districts recorded such infectious diseases as tularemia, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and leptospirosis.

Hotspots of natural focal infections exist Starozhilovo, Spassky, Klepikovsky, Kasimov, Michael, Rybnovsky, Uholovskom, Zakharovskaya, Novoderevenskaya, Pronsk, Korablinsky, Sasovo, Shatsky, Ryazhsk, Shilovsky Ryazan region and around Ryazan. Thus, there is the problem of the further spread of these diseases by the Ryazan region and, of course, an increase in the incidence. After all, every case of the disease is not only harmful to health, but also brings great economic damage.

In Rospotrebnadzor indicate that the disease is easier to prevent than to treat. On a par with doctors every resident of the Ryazan region should know what to do to prevent infection and getting sick of these devastating diseases. Sources of spread of pathogens natural focal infections are rodents (water rat, mouse, field, forest mouse, mouse houses and red and vole), and tularemia can be contracted and insect repellent.

A person infected with a variety of ways:
— Inhaling dust when perelopachivaniyu, threshing grain, the roll direction, transporting hay, stubble;
— The processing of vegetables after long storage in piles, holes;
— The use of infected food, water;
— When removing the skins, by direct contact with rodents (when taken into the hand of sick animals or dead bodies);
— The bite of rodents, ticks, mosquitoes, horseflies.

When tularemia affected lymph nodes in HFRS — kidneys, with leptospirosis — capillaries of the liver, kidneys and muscles. Patients rodents secrete tularemia bacteria and viruses HFRS and leptospirosis in the urine, saliva, and feces that contaminate food, water wells, ponds, hay, grain, and even soil. Infection of humans occurs through broken skin, mucous membranes, eyes, mouth, digestive tract, as well as by inhalation of dust during site cleanups villas, plantations.

When tularemia after 3-7 days (or even 3 weeks) symptoms of general intoxication: severe headache, high fever, chills, pain in the calves, swelling of the lymph nodes. The disease can manifest itself in different ways: in pneumonia, bronchitis, conjunctivitis, lymphadenitis. No better than the consequences of HFRS — bleeding diathesis, renal, up to acute renal failure. The disease begins with a high fever up to 40 degrees, headache, pain in the muscles and the lower back, bleeding under the skin and mucous membranes. When leptospirosis worried undulating fever, sharp pains in the muscles, especially the calf, back, neck and neck.

The hazards of the housing rights, which penetrate and live rodents, as well as business and home construction: sheds, cellars, basements, garages, summer houses. It is here that with the onset of cold weather settle rodents. In addition, for the winter may be convenient piles of garbage and fallen trees. To 'at risk', in addition to agricultural workers and farmers are hunters, fishermen, tourists.

However, to prevent these illnesses are not so difficult. Do immunizations from tularemia, they create enduring protection for 5 years. Vaccination can do in clinic in the community. After a winter with a wet cleaning cottages with chlorinated compounds in rubber gloves, cotton-gauze bandage or a respirator. After cleaning thoroughly with soap and water to wash your hands, wash clothes. Do not clutter up plots and residential units and household debris. Made inaccessible to rodents dwellings: close the vent holes in the metal grid, and the gap zakonopatte glassy and cement. Disinfest all means (bait trap, traps). Rodent corpses to be burned. Store food in closed containers. Do not consume food, codec Xvid rodents. Do not drink tap water from rivers, streams, ponds, both for drinking and for washing vegetables and dishes for outdoor recreation. Keep the order of the wells. If the well found dead rodent quickly clean and disinfect the well bleach. Do not smoke during the cleaning of the premises and land. Before smoking, wash your hands with soap and water. It is not necessary to lay out the food on the grass and stones. In the campaign for the night, choose lean, not overgrown with bushes forest areas. Avoid sleeping in a haystack or straw. If you follow these tips, you will save your health.

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