Hidden under threat Laaherskim lake (Laacher): while it looks calm, but under its waters intensified volcano that could devastate Europe. Photo: www.dailymail.co.uk
He hides under the calm lake Laaherskim (Laacher See — literally translated as "Lake Lake"), near Bonn and is able to regurgitate them yourself billions of tons of magma.
This monster erupts every 10 to 12,000 years and last erupted 12,900 years ago, so that the sleeping super-volcano may well begin to erupt at any moment.
Around 13,000 years ago the last volcanic eruption in central Europe. Multiple layers of pumice and tuff suggest that the eruption, which lasted only a few days, has radically changed the landscape. Formed in place caldera crater filled with water — so was born the lake Laacher See.
During the 10 days of volcanic activity was ejected about 16 cubic kilometers of magma, and the column of smoke with ash reached 40 meters in height. Until now, even at a distance of 50 km from the crater you can see the layers of pumice and tephra thickness of about one meter. The explosion was so strong that the ejection was filled crater, and the eruption caused by the earthquake led to the formation dyunoobraznyh slopes characteristic of these places. Power of the eruption, which corresponded to 6 points on the 8-miballnoy scale, 250 times the explosion of the volcano Mount St. Helens in 1980, the energy release can be equated to explode 500 nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima.
It is similar in size to Mount Pinatubo volcano, which in 1991 made a major eruption of the 20th century. Billions of tons of ash and magma ejected during the eruption of the super volcano that will lay
Southern England huge clouds of ash.
Experts — volcanologists believe that if this volcano will erupt, it could lead to widespread devastation, mass evacuations and even short-term global cooling from — for escaping the ashes — it will block the penetration of sunlight to the earth, according to www.dailymail.co.uk .
Ground water filled crater of an extinct volcano, and formed an oval lake, around which all overgrown high forest. When the surface has cooled, the Laacher Tal valley and beyond the mountains were formed from different types of stone: basalt, trachyte and phonolite. In addition to the surrounding region and today is mined pumice and Trues used in modern stone industry. This activity, unfortunately, leaves the "gaping wound" on the ground, but the valley of the lake which is a conservation area, this fate has befallen: cover the whole of its territory untouched forests and fields that grow organic fruit and vegetable crops.
Lake in June 1935, it was declared a reservation, not only because of its geological and morphological structures, as Laacher See — one of a kind witness eruption glacial period, its flora, which is home to rare plants and birds, unique.
Although the last eruption occurred about 13,000 years ago, so far from the bottom of the lake in the south-eastern shore of rising bubbles of carbon dioxide, known as Moffett. Throughout the region Eifel daily discharge of 200 tons of gas, which indicates the presence of volcanic activity in the area. The rating of the gas from the beginning of 2007 has increased by four times, for volcanologists and geologists is very disturbing information.