The anniversary of the devastating earthquake in Japan: The country is restored

Locals restore chaos, are in the prescribed form of the building, roads, and infrastructure. Photo: (c) Associated Press

In the history of Japan, the number 11 has left similar to the American rock trail. March 11, 2011 the country of the Rising Sun has experienced a disaster, which, like the tragedy of September 11, shocked the world.

Living in Japan observed a minute of silence at 14:46 local time (7:46 Kiev time), when they were recorded the first tremors, and after 33 minutes, when the tsunami covered the coast of Japan.

The fact that Japan quickly comes after a disaster, eloquent testimony not only photos but also statistics. Almost fully restored automobile industry, many companies said they have already reached the previous volumes. Stakhanov pace repaired roads and communications are restored GDP.

March 11, 2011 in Japan, which, being an island nation, long accustomed to seismic anything Mother Nature and learned to treat it philosophically, there was a powerful earthquake of magnitude 9.0. The disaster was so strong that was called "The Great": the earthquake was termed the largest in the history of Japan's damage dealt and the seventh largest in the world ever recorded.

With the scale of a disaster like the country has faced in 1923, the last time Japan severely shaken in 1995, when the badly damaged city of Kobe. At this time, the island experienced a real tandem disasters — the destruction of the earthquake exacerbated the tsunami.

Wave height of 10 m and washed up entire cities, killed and missing more than 20 thousand people. After the disaster at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1", a series of accidents, resulting in a leakage of radiation. Direct damage from natural and man-made disaster was estimated at $ 300 billion

After almost a year, Japan is slowly but surely beginning to return to their former life. It seems that while this country is not just a treat, and to encourage regular "miracles": a new force is mobilized industry revives strong economy, people are slowly returning to the ruined cities, again build houses and roads.

Miyagi Prefecture on the island of Honshu has assumed the worst brunt of the disaster, this is where the tsunami has caused the greatest destruction. Local residents almost a year restored ruin, set in the proper form of the building, roads, and infrastructure. People are actively involved in the rehabilitation of native spaces and willing to help local law enforcement officers, people who find other people's values themselves are in their areas.

Before the tragedy in Isinomaki — the most affected communities in Miyagi — lived 160 thousand people, according to official figures only killed more than six thousand It still works on cleaning the debris of them still find human remains. However, the main streets and roads, which only recently could only move by swimming, has already been cleared. The city authorities have decided to complete the demolition of houses in coastal areas, even if they were not serious damage, and are suitable for restoration.

The port city of Sendai, in contrast to many other communities, has been only partially destroyed, but it had just two shock waves of a tsunami. Element is completely swept away a residential area, was completely filled with water located there an international airport, sea port destroyed, stopped local NPP "Onnagava."

Despite the scale of the destruction, life in the ruins of the administrative center longitudinally Miyagi returned quickly. Thus, the airport has partially resumed work for non-scheduled flights, a month after the tragedy, and fully opened four months later. Today in Miyagi prefecture fully restored ferry and high-speed trains.

The main pride Miyagi became fast "rehabilitation" Matsushima — a small resort town in the northeast of Honshu. He is known for in the local bay scattered 260 small, some the size of a truck, pine islands. Bay is recognized as one of the three "famous landscapes of Japan", and watch it come from all over the world.

Matsushima's main income — tourism. Before the earthquake, here come the order of 3.6 million people a year, and now this thread too much "thinner". Anyway, Matsushima full of optimism. The city is almost completely restored, including the famous red wooden bridges that lead from the shore to the islands to the temples. They do not just recreate, but even managed to give them the "old" look.

Another region, having suffered serious damage from the disaster — Iwate Prefecture in northern Honshu island, where the city was almost completely wiped out.

In the port city of Miyako tsunami burst the dam that walls off the coastal line of the city, a wave flips fishing vessels. In the city of Kamaishi had been washed away from the street all the cars, and the small town of Rikuzentakata huge wave engulfed completely, town remained under water for several days after the disaster.

Seriously injured and other towns along the northeast coast of Japan. According to rough estimates of the Ministry of Environment of Japan, there were a total of more than 115 destroyed thousands of buildings, and 240 thousand seriously injured. In particular in the city of Otsuchi brunt of the disaster was of such force that threw ships rooftops. Thus, the attraction for photographers from all became new porom with pristine furniture, which was on the roof of the dilapidated building.

 

Note, according to the UN, in 2011, humanity is spent on disaster management, more than ever in history. According to the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General Margareta Wahlstrom, the largest amount required to restore Japan after the earthquake and tsunami in March. Spending amounted to about 380 billion dollars — almost two-thirds more than the cost recovery from Hurricane "Katrina" in the U.S. in 2005

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