Fuel-efficient technologies are coming to market and weapons. Namely, in the U.S. during the entire work proceeds on developing the first samples of infantry fighting vehicles, which would result in action by using hybrid propulsion systems. Several hundred liters. fuel per hundred kilometers — a luxury that can not allow yourself to even the richest countries in the world and the army. In the current time for the U.S. Army intensively developed hybrid engines that regardless of the type of terrain on which moves technique can reduce fuel consumption by 10-20%.
This figure is at first glance not particularly impressive wimp, but if fate that the U.S. Army is more than 6 thousand BMP, and this army combat actions in the near future is pretty intense, you can imagine how much money these armored monsters burn times day. New hybrid infantry fighting vehicle is the development by BAE Systems and Northrop Grumman Corporation, are working together on a promising project GCV — Ground Combat Vehicle. In addition to the designated lowering fuel consumption and new BMP own a number of other benefits that liked South American military: the best new cars own privileged, the dynamics of the least picky service emit the least noise, and most importantly — they are easier and cheaper to use in the process. This is important when you consider that the price of new articulated hybrid BMP amount of 10.5 million dollars (together with the cost of their operation). This amount is about 5 times higher than the price in service with the U.S. Army infantry fighting vehicles M2 Bradley.
The first time that the U.S. Army began sformirovyvaetsya strategy and procurement requirements for the latest programmke Ground Combat Vehicle, was announced on 3 December 2009. According to Maj. Gen. John Bartley (control applets army integration), the first product will be the latest programs from BMP. It was assumed that development is to be completed in 7 years. South American newcomer programm Ground Combat Vehicle changed program from Future Combat Systems, which was absolutely closed the U.S. Defense Department.
New girl group created by combat and transport vehicles should be the best way to satisfy such fundamental aspects as ensuring survivability, protection, mobility (system survivability, protection and mobility) in view of new technologies in the future, said Bartley. With all of this most of the requirements for the latest technology has been recognized as «technologically achievable.» Gender Menhey — Representative army integration applets noted that promising to combat vehicles will not raise any specific weight limits at the same time the developers will have to provide transportation of new BMP sea, rail and air transport (using cargo aircraft C-17 ). Similarly, the army refused the right to dictate the terms of choice of the latest technology base — tracked or wheeled.
Given the fact that promising combat systems had to own a pretty decent mobility in urban criteria, expressed the view that the mass of new BMP is not dark mass of modern samples main battle tanks. Pretty harsh requirements for achieving the highest firepower machine can push its creators to use 30 or 40-mm automatic guns and mated to the M-240 machine guns of 7.62 mm. Besides the machine must be equipped with tools to be independent station commander BMP and wireless weapons control system. At least, this information was contained on the slides that were shown during the briefing.
It must be emphasized that the development of the BMP is not the sole purpose applets GCV. Also specifically infantry fighting vehicle is proposed to develop at its base and the so-called modern SAU secondary machine. Relatively self-propelled artillery installation clear that her caliber guns will not be less than 100 mm, but on the secondary disk imaging machine in fact. Now engineers and military did not publish a specific disk imaging in this regard. Most likely, this is quite a weird term hides a universal platform for repair and recovery, command post, health, transport and other such machines.
Project infantry fighting vehicle, the proposed BAE Systems
Pentagon plans for newcomer BMP should change in the Army BMP Bradley, made even under the influence of Russian BMP-1 and entered service in 1981. In August 2011, the U.S. Army has granted a two-year contract 2 to create, build and test the following 2-technical demonstrators within applets GCV. Contracts issued two alliances BAE Systems and Northrop Grumman (450 million dollars) and General Dynamics and Lockheed Martin (440 million dollars). In 2012 the military budget for R & D programs from within GCV was foreseen even 449.4 million bucks. Already in 2013 following the U.S. Army is to determine with someone from 2-alliances to allocate funds for a promising platform with provision for four-year contract to develop and test vsepolnotsennuyu BMP. Mass production combat vehicle chosen plan to deploy in 2018.
Estimated latest BMP crew consisting of 3 persons, with all this machine will be able to take on board 9 marines. Also this was demanded elaboration of the use of «non-lethal weapons» (non-lethal weapons) and equip it with the latest combat information system (Ground Soldier System), which would provide the crew and paratroopers highest level of «situational awareness.» With all of this U.S. Army representatives noted that the requirements for BMP may vary. In turn, according to the developers, the program provides for the possibility of early GCV future upgrades, and its concept and the base will remain unchanged for up to 40 years.
BAE Systems Development Alliance and Northrop Grumman implies the implementation instead of ordinary motor newest hybrid installation — Hybrid Electric Drive (HED) with a capacity of 1,100 kW. This setting is created by QinetiQ and saves up to 20% fuel. This engine is distinguished by a minimum number of parts, a more conventional design, low weight and volume, and low noise in comparison with other hybrid plants. Practically it can be called a silent, which is quite crucial for a concealed movement and camouflage. At idle, it consumes 17.5 liters. of fuel per hour, which is 20-22 liters less than would be required when using ordinary motor BMP similar mass. It should be noted that BMP is carried out in this mode, a huge amount of time, waiting for the right moment or the team and keeping in readiness all the systems and devices. So little fuel consumption at idle is a stark advantage.
Project infantry fighting vehicle, the proposed BAE Systems
Indeed the proposed hybrid motor lowers fuel consumption BMP, but it is pretty impressive weight of 63.5 tons prevents read about the «automotive» fuel consumption. Tank BMP is about 965 liters., And the machine is running in store — 300 km, which states that she «eats» about 320 liters. fuel at every 100 km. Yes, you heard right, the weight of armored vehicles exceeds 60 tonnes, which is more suitable for a main battle tank. For example, the same BMP Bradley weighs about 30 tons, although this holds for all 3 persons and is less than the crew and landing the lowest level of protection. At the same time booking BMP created within applets GCV should be on the level. The application Pentagon greatest weight future BMP has not been specified and it looks like the developers have tried in this matter enormously.
It is understood that the BMP will receive a wireless digital communications, as strong artificial intelligence techniques for surveillance and reconnaissance. Through the use of a hybrid engine will be able to smoothly change the armored vehicle speed and move pretty quiet, which is another advantage of BMP, especially during maneuvers at night. With all of this stated maximum speed of the car should reach 70 km / h, and from 0 to 30 km / h, it is capable of accelerating just 7.8 seconds.