The main objective pursued by Rheinmetall in the development of MBT Revolution, ordinary and understandable. Changing the concept of modern warfare and the tank, as one of the principal means of waging it, must keep pace with time. For obvious economic reasons disposition was decided not to establish a new tank, but modifying existing ones, thus making it subject to the price tank sensor modern devices. Like other tank builders who have chosen the path retrofit tanks, Rheinmetall makes his "Revolution" in a modular scheme. Such a choice is understandable, because the installation of the modular kit does not require any modifications to the machine, updated set of components will be more comfortable both for production and for service. The company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and in 2010 introduced its sights on the development of the "Leopard" — the new tank Leopard 2A7 +. But, compared with the works "Rheinmetall" alteration of existing machines in the 2A7 + deal much more difficult.
Body armor "Leopard", the equipped MBT Revolution, is improved with the help of several hanging panels. The focus of their development has been given anti-improvised explosive devices and mines. To prevent the enemy tank shell in a part of the "Revolution" includes new smoke grenade launchers ROSY, able to shoot smoke grenades in all directions in both manual and automatic modes. Argues that the creation of the veil of sufficient density requires less than 0.5-0.6 seconds, and the chemical composition and physical characteristics of smoke can disrupt any attack virtually any type of existing anti-tank guns.
For self-defense complete MBT Revolution meets battle module Qimek. Installing the remote control is located in the tower and attachments allow it to install on a machine gun or automatic grenade launcher. 120-mm smoothbore gun "Leopard" in the "revolutionary" modernization has received new ammunition. This is a high-explosive and armor-piercing DM11 DM53. The first of them has a fuse with a delay. Curiously, electronics tank establishes a temporary setting after chambering a shell in the gun. Eventually the undermining of the projectile can be performed prior to, during or after contact with the penetration into it. DM53 armor-piercing shell with a tungsten core was designed to "work" with composite armor protection systems and dynamic. Both of these munitions is one hundred percent compatible with guns, set to "Leopards" of early episodes. Separately, it should be noted the so-called new inert shell PELE. Inside this weapon is not an ounce of explosive. But on target it is deformed in such a Makarov that the inside of the shell of a relatively Myagenko material breaks into a huge amount of debris, hovering only in one direction. According to representatives of Rheinmetall, this ammo can be used for a "surgical" shots at the enemy in complex criteria.
In terms of on-board equipment, "Rheinmetall" currently is considering two main areas of development:
— replacement of some older devices with newer keeping the rest of the equipment (in the main analog). This way reduces the cost of upgrading the tank taken separately, but has the least prospects. Moreover, in some cases, you may be severe deterioration ergonomic interior spaces of the tank;
— complete replacement of equipment. "Digital Tower" will cost the customer more tangible, the first method, but the tank itself will retain all their properties at an appropriate level for a longer time. The advantages of this method of updating the equipment is increasing reliability and sighting system.
More promising in Rheinmetall consider the second upgrade path electronics. In the future, the designers promise even "fusion" battle tank and a simulator — a special mode of operation of the apparatus will allow binding to external computers, create, target practice, the search for goals, etc. Yet, some digital systems will go into the MBT Revolution irrespective of the chosen path of renewal electronics. First, a digital fire control system SEOSS. It includes the camera, thermal imager, laser range finder and a computer. Information on the current situation, target range, type of projectile, etc. in real time is displayed on the monitors commander and gunner. Thanks SEOSS this crew can only look over the situation, identify the purpose and the method of its destruction. To facilitate the monitoring of the situation on the battlefield in the "Revolution" comes system SAS. From the 2-to 4 sensors of this system looks for 3-sectors in particular proximity to the tank by 60 ° each. Argues that the ability of "digital towers" in the future will almost touch of a button to transfer data from SAS on weapons Qimek module and automatically hit the target. Apart from all these systems is the so-called commander of the machine commander brake. The essence of this innovation, applied for the first time in the world, lies in the fact that the tank commander may suspend an emergency motion machine, if so requested setting. How useful would this function, and whether its use in general, will practice: the use of military or even teaching. Apart from the rest of the MBT Revolution involves the installation of modern air conditioning system. Automation maintains a balance between the convenience of crew and cooling capabilities. In addition, during the installation kit improves thermal insulation of the crew compartment and boeukladki that in some measure increases the safety of operation of the tank.
We should also mention the control system, command and intelligence (C4I). The kit comes MBT Revolution equipment, compatible with the development INIOCHOS Rheinmetall. It allows you to share all the data needed combat vehicles, units and commanders in real time. This system is used in some European countries and is compatible with existing NATO counterparts. In addition to the tactical data exchange system has a separate channel for communication with the accompanying tank infantry.
A huge amount of electrical equipment found in a modern tank, requires large power inputs. Since in some cases do not have to power the electronics from the generator, but with a battery, it took the use of the auxiliary power unit (APU). The batteries need to be charged from time to time, why we have to use a generator connecte
d to the main engine. Working APU provides the necessary power for all electrical systems, but in contrast to the main motor consumes even less fuel and less unmasks a fighting machine.
In recent years, many countries are working on a new type of tank. But for various reasons are not made major efforts towards the development of new machines and upgrading existing ones. For several months, the real proving ground tests are all complex MBT Revolution as a whole, rather than each system separately. According to their results will be judged on the prospects of creation "Rheinmetall". But at the moment with some modicum of probability can say about a decent future "MBT Revolution."