"Megapolis Continent", 11.06.2001, Moscow, n24, p.15
"Just listen to what happened in our marsh region — says Belarusian folklorist Joan Zheleznova. — In an ethnographic expedition I found out about the meeting with unprecedented human being. This was during the Great Patriotic War. Soldiers from his platoon behind, catching up with him, walking down the forest road. Suddenly sees: the man is. He rushed up to him and, when rushed, I realized that it's not really a man, and who or what — is impossible to understand. On the face of a man, but in the whole fish scales, and on the hands and feet instead of fingers ear. Human Face, though ugly, but ugly and not name. Here he was showing signs themselves to soldier on and off to the side, apparently, had asked him to carry there. Soldier went in that direction and soon saw a small lake. dragged there flake, lowered into the water. He lay in a little water, recovered and swam away. Even goodbye soldier waved his hand … " Do imagined?
"Mermaid sitting on the branches" — from childhood etched these words of the poet. Indeed, for centuries exist in the minds of earthlings poluryba-half people. They are called mollusks, Undines, water, kappa, mermaids … Mermaid — feminine, but there are Rusal being male. The same is true of the British — have mermeyds (sea maidens), but there are Mermet (marine boys). Do you remember the touching tale "The Little Mermaid"? Expert maritime mysteries Paul Bragg states: mermaids are real, with him in solidarity known zoologist Ivan Sanderson and many others.
Fish-men on mythological representations are derived from God's EYA (aka Oannes). This Babylonian god and his descendants came out of the waters of the Persian Gulf and settled in the cities of Sumer. They taught people to write, to cultivate the culture, process metals. On the bas-VIII century BC, exhibited in the Louvre, Oannes is depicted as a man with a fish's tail.
Another ancient god with a fish's tail was Dagon. He and the moon goddess Atargat or Dertseto worshiped the Philistines, which are mentioned in the Bible. The ancient Greek writer Lucian (about 120-190 years BC) reported the following: "Like Dertseto I saw the image in Phoenicia, where the top half — a woman and her limbs below the belt turn into a fish." One of the most eminent scientific authorities in ancient times was Pliny the Elder (23-79 years BC), Roman scholar and writer and lexicographer, who died during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, when it was destroyed by Pompey. Opinion by Pliny the Elder was indisputable, and he informed about a "sea man". He also saw a dead mermaid on the shore of Gaul (modern France).
After the establishment of Christianity in Europe, the clergy tried to strangle the remnants of pagan beliefs. However, the minor characters, such as mermaids, which were connected by major pagan cults pose no significant risk to the new religion, and they continued to live in folklore. Moreover, the church has adapted the ancient pagan legends for their own purposes. Mermaids are included in the bestiary (old information about animals), and carving depicting molluscs adorns many churches and cathedrals. Its beautiful pattern can be seen in the church in Zennore (Cornwall, UK) on the back of the bench. It is believed that the carving 600 years and that it is associated with the legend of Mother Trewhella, the son of Sexton, who one day mysteriously vanished. A year later, the captain of the ship arrived in St. Ives and said that he was choosing the anchor in the cave Pendauer saw a mermaid, which he said the following: "your anchor closed the entrance to the cave, and our Mothers and offspring were trapped." Thus, for the residents of the mystery of the disappearance of Mati Zennora disclosed.
In 1608, Henry Hudson, the English explorer, after whom were named bay, Strait and river in North America, they are open and laid out an interesting fact in the ship's log: "This morning one of our members, the company leaned over the side and saw a mermaid: she called it to yourself. Among our other companions leaned over another, and it was at this time she approached the board, looking at the people wholeheartedly. Later sea thrilled and overwhelmed her. From the side of her chest and the back looked like a woman (because the sailors were able to look at her), her body is the same size as us, her skin was very white, with her body hung long strands, and hair color she had tar in her figure was evident tail, similar to the tail of a dolphin color — like a mackerel. Here are the names of those who saw it: Thomas Hills and Robert Rayner. " Hudson was a very experienced sailor, who carefully chose a team and, most likely, would not have been an important record in the logbook obvious nonsense.
…September 8, 1809 authoritative newspaper "The Times" published the following letter from a certain William Munro: "About twenty years ago, I worked as a school teacher in a parochial school in Rize (Scotland). Once I was walking along the shore in the direction of Sensayd Bay, when my attention was riveted appearance figure resembling a female creature — totally undressed, sitting on a cliff facing the sea, and, apparently, to comb the hair that framed his shoulders. Hair color was chestnut. resemblance to the figure of a mermaid-like in all its forms has been stunning. I was lost in the guessing, wondering, is this humanoid creature she is. forehead was clean and correct, puffy face, rosy cheeks, blue eyes, mouth and lips natural articles similar to those of men. chest and abdomen, hands and fingers were the size as an adult female, fingers do not have webs. Yet even from this I was delighted. creature remained on the rock for 3-4 minutes, until I watched it, all the while brushing her hair, which was long and thick. Suddenly it started and jumped in sea … "
…In about 1830 inhabitants Benbecula that Hebrides, saw a young mermaid, fun splashing in the sea. Several men tried to swim to it and catch it, but it is easy to have gone. Then one boy was throwing stones into a mermaid and fell into it. Several days later, just 2 miles away from where she was seen for the first time, the corpse of a little mermaid was thrown ashore. Tiny body gathered crowd, and, after it has been subjected to detailed examination, it was found that: "The upper part of the being the size of a well-fed baby 3-4 years, with abnormal breast development. Hair long, dark and shiny, skin white, soft and tender . Bottom part — the tail of salmon, but without scales. "
Among the many who saw the mermaid body was Duncan Shaw, bailiff Klanranald, and the county sheriff. He ordered a coffin and shroud for a mermaid, and then she found peace with the world.
Mermaids continue to meet at the present time. One saw in 1947, a fisherman on the island of Mack Group Hebrides. She was sitting on a floating herring box (it is used for storage of live lobsters), and brushing her hair. As soon as the mermaid realized that she was noticed and jumped into the sea. And in 1978, a Filipino fisherman Jacinto Fatalero not only seen a mermaid one moonlit night, but more than that, she assured the fisherman, helped him to catch a generous …
The American scientist Ivan Sanderson expressed risky somehow the thought of having on our planet underwater civilization. "We are willing to place the alien intelligence in the inhospitable depths of space, so why not try to look for it is much closer — in the depths of the ocean?" — He asked. These "sea of people" Sanderson called poseydontsami — from sea god Poseidon. For them, it is rumored, is characterized by a head with a human face,
but with a flat nose, chin and ears, they do not.
Whatever was said, the mermaid has a long history — the history of meetings, encounters, observations, experiences. And even for that people should be grateful to her: marine and maritime folklore romance would be significantly depleted …