Drought in England could last until Christmas Weather and Climate
After two dry winters with occasional rains a large area of England is in a severe drought conditions. Suffered the most south-east and central England — the vast regions in which there is a strong depletion of water resources. A ban on the widespread use of water for any purpose for homes and businesses. They are set by seven companies in the south and east of England, serving over 20 million people. Anglian Water said the 18-month dry period are considered the worst in 100 years. Only in 1892/93 and 1920/1921 years the amount of precipitation was less than in the last 2 years.
To drought-stricken regions include 17 counties: Lincolnshire, Kebridzhshir, Hampshire, East and West Sussex, Kent, London, Surrey, Berkshire, Gertfordshir, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, parts of Bedfordshire, Norgtemptonshira and Yorkshire, West Norfolk and East Gloucestershire.
Dry winters have a strong influence on the water: The winter rains update volumes of fresh water and reservoirs, while the summer maintain inventory levels and fill the river. There are different types of drought, one of which occurs when the river level drops, and the soil is not sufficiently moisturized, which prevents saturation of the groundwater reserves. It was declared a drought over a wide area of England, to the south of Sheffield. Water companies usually declare a drought, when the level of resources in the reservoirs is extremely low.
South East suffered the most, as in the area with a large population density is located a relatively small number of tanks. Also an important factor is the intensive use of groundwater, which provide 75% of total water consumption in the south-east of England, while in the west of England and in Wales, the number is only 30%.
Long periods of light rain are needed to restore balance. It was observed in the winter drizzle in which land absorbs much more water than summer showers. Meteorologists fear that the upcoming winter will be the third driest winter as summer rains may not be able to solve the problem. The population continues to grow, and the cyclone winter rains markedly shifted to Ireland and Scotland, leaving the south-east of England without rain.
What can be done in this situation?
In extreme cases, the water company can turn off the water supply to the house on a scheduled basis, but everything is being done to prevent this from happen. For example, huge amounts of money invested in the improvement of the equipment to prevent leaks. The government suggests people use the simple rules of thrift: take shorter showers, use the dishwasher when it is fully loaded, close to the end taps and make sure that there is no leakage anywhere, use cold water, which precedes the appearance of hot to water the plants, turn off the tap when you brush your teeth or shave, wash fruits and vegetables in a large bowl; grow taller grass, as it requires less water than steep.