There is a disease, which does not take any ballet or in the army. In the daily life at her trying not to pay attention. But only as long as the foot will not resemble the seal flippers. Meet the flat!
Life — a movement, said
About the disease we all once in my life heard of. It seems to be for flat foot
What is a flat foot is actually known only for narrow specialists. In the West, these doctors called the podiatrist (not to be confused with gay men), and we have the same problem of flat feet in the old deal orthopedists. They are diagnosed, having carefully studied the patient's foot with the help of x-ray or on the eye.
The easiest test for flat feet can be carried out at home. To do this, thickly spread with fat cream soles and get up at a blank sheet of paper. If to get prints on the inside of each foot has a recess, and if it takes more than half of the deepening of the initial width of the foot, then everything is OK. Flat feet while you are not threatened. If the mark on the paper turned out even, as if the sole circled in pencil (that is, almost no cavities), it's time to sound the alarm.
Flat-footed, as the name implies, is called a disease in which the arch of the foot loses its natural concavity, andleg becomes flat. It would seem that such a small defect, but the harm from him
The human foot — the top of the evolution
The human foot is a complex mechanism, which, according to Charles Darwin, was formed for hundreds of thousands of years by natural selection and the struggle for survival. It is known that none of the animal does not springy arch of the foot. Even the bouncy kangaroo jerboa do without him. According to
Our distant ancestors — ape moved to a completely flat feet. Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus also could not boast of a pronounced arch of the foot. But the leg Cro-Magnon have differed little from the foot of modern man. Most recently, in southern Italy, archaeologists have found sealed in volcanic rock tracks, which roughly
My head hurts from the legs
The average modern person per day makes about ten thousand steps. And every time foot person experiencing shock
Scientists estimate that, thanks to the vaulted structure of the foot, is extinguished 70% overload. As a result, the effect of shin
If a person has flat feet, it enters the body when walking in an extreme situation,
Presumably, many people are suffering from a headache of unknown origin, have caught her in the appendage to flat feet. Great Julius Caesar, painful philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, the founder of communist views, Karl Marx, and Charles Darwin himself could very well be one of them. However, at the time of their flat for a disease no one thought so to confirm or refute this assumption today is not possible.
The foot of man consists of the tarsal bones, metatarsal bones and toes, which are connected by numerous joints. With the help of the ligaments and muscles of the foot forms a concavity, ie vaults. Only two of them: the basic longitudinal goes on the inner edge of the foot, cross under the fingers. To straighten the arches can cause a wrong positioning of the bones and the defect supporting system. Simply put, if the muscles and ligaments are stretched, they can not keep the arch of the foot … The result of one — flat feet.
The better — so much the worse
Podiatrist divide the causes of the disease into four groups. It happens flatfoot inborn defect in which the foot goes to the child inherited from mothers and fathers (3% of all cases). Even more rarely happens flatfoot associated with bruises, sprains and fractures of the foot. The third reason for flat feet — specific diseases: rickets, polio, diabetes. Fourth, the most important and common cause — lack or excess stress on your feet.
Flat feet — a tricky disease. It creates a strange impression that many of the benefits of civilization — its best friends. Smooth roads and floors, high-calorie food and obesity, fashionable shoes Old World, a sedentary lifestyle at a computer or driving a car, standing work of teachers, waiters and salespeople, fanatical workouts on treadmills — all of which can lead to flat feet.
According to medical statistics, people in the developed countries suffer from flat feet are much more likely than citizens of the Third World. For example, in Europe and America to 70% of people have some degree of flat feet, and in India this defect still occurs in only 4%. In the same India conducted an interesting study that found that the later the person starts wearing shoes, the less chance that he will earn a flat. For those who put on his boots for the first time after 16 years, it was even less than 2%.
Studs — a voluntary torture
Incidentally, the female flatfoot occurs four times more often than men. Explanation of this fact may be several.
Signs of useful shoes are as follows: a low heel, toe free, where you can wiggle your fingers, flexible soles and arch support preventive. In the prevention of flat arch support — something irreplaceable. This elastic insole with nubs in different locations can evenly distribute body weight on the foot, helps to maintain the necessary arch concavity, in the end, makes the shoe more comfortable
The soul in exchange for arch support
Officially, the inventor of shoes with arch support was Salvatore Ferragamo (Salvatore Ferragamo)
In addition to the instep, there are other ways to make life easier for people who suffer from flat feet. In the most severe and advanced cases will save only a surgeon's scalpel, but if the disease has not gone too far, to help special massage and exercises for the feet. However, we should not deceive ourselves. Flat feet can not be completely cured, you can only stop the process and reduce its adverse effects on the body, especially the spine and brain.
By the way, the recruits of note: with flat feet I and II of the Army can not hang, but with III and IV level in peacetime do not call.