Land of the Rising Sun Defense Ministry officially announced the end of the creation of the latest generation patrol aircraft P-1 for state defense forces of the country. First batch of 2 military vehicles entered service Atsugi Air Base March 26, 2013. New anti-aircraft rocket Kawasaki P-1 came to replace long time operated P-3C. The creation of the latest generation patrol aircraft engaged in popular Japanese aircraft manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries. Work on the development of new aircraft were launched in 2001.
Completion of the development of P-1 was planned for March of last year, but the timing of delivery of the project were actually displaced a year because of the marriage, which was found in the production of the fuselage and wings. Price 1st anti-submarine aircraft P-1 of spices valued at approximately $ 20 billion. yen (208.3 million dollars). Total Ministry of Defence land of the rising sun is going to buy 70 of these aircraft, which will have to change the outdated 80 P-3C. With all of this full amount patrol aircraft defense forces land of the rising sun even decrease, but the assurances of the military, it is absolutely important advantage is offset by new aircraft reconnaissance abilities and speed over the old patrol P-3C.
Commissioning of Self-Defense Forces Land of the Rising Sun patrol aircraft of the latest generation comes amid strained relations between China and Japan on the basis of the territorial dispute over Senkaku / Diaoyu. Currently, Chinese patrol boats often come in the area, which Japan considers its own territory. Application of the Japanese side of new aircraft P-1 is intended, inter alia, to achieve greater control over the territorial waters surrounding the disputed islands.
Currently, patrol aircraft P-1 is the only one in its own way a specially designed jet aircraft such purpose, except deck model. Of operating in our days of patrol aircraft to the independent development can be attributed unless Breguet Atlantic, which was created from scratch, all other patrol aircraft represent a modification of previously made aircraft for other use (usually transport or passenger). But Japan is not without the help of other manufactures large aircraft, although it takes an active role in their production. For this reason, a new patrol aircraft began to build from scratch. Development of the aircraft was in 2001, the first serial Kawasaki P-1 took to the skies September 25, 2012.
Currently, the Japanese aviation industry is committed to the attainment of independence. Now in the rising sun implemented 2nd completely different state programs from aviation — the creation of a patrol and anti-P-1 and military transport aircraft C-2, the company is engaged in the development of both Kawasaki. With all of this country’s inhabitants used the Rising Sun is a very unique approach to savings both aircraft were designed along with the use of common design components, parts and assemblies. Besides saving step is the creation, production and testing. It should be noted that to save, apparently, it is possible not much, at least, anti-submarine aircraft already out quite expensive.
With all this it is worth noting that the idea of unification so dissimilar features on aircraft came to a head a little. Judge for yourself, take-off mass does not exceed patrol aircraft 80 tons and transporter — 141 ton (a difference of 76%). First plane — a traditional nizkoplan and second is vysokoplanom. On the first plane of the motor 4, the second — 2. And this is not to mention their various destinations. At 2-these aircraft fuselages completely different chassis and many systems. At one time, starting this project, «Kawasaki» worked under the motto: «One project — 2 product.» Good idea, but not very beautiful realization. For today aircraft are common detachable part of the wing, horizontal tail consoles, glazed cabs, MAT, computer flight control system, control system, warning dashboard in the cockpit, etc. Total savings for this development may ultimately achieve up to 10%.
The decision of the Office of Defence land of the rising sun to create a database of «twins» was an obvious political nuance. Japanese military resoundingly rejected proposals for the South American country supplies to maritime patrol aircraft of the latest generation of P-8 Poseidon, which was created based on the Boeing 737, and Boeing military transport C-17 and Lockheed Martin C-130J. The formal reason for failure — mismatch data requirements SDF planes land of the rising sun. But, the reason, of course, not the case. The real reason — this discrepancy grown ambitions of the Japanese industry and zeal to create their own aircraft. Both projects were developed in an atmosphere of modesty, which is inherent in all real samurai, making them went without excessive hype, one might even say in complete secrecy.
Anti-submarine aircraft P-1 turbofan resettled 4 Japanese Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries XF7-10, a thrust of 60 kN each. In 2005, data for aviation engines have been tested aboard a flying laboratory experimental C-1. The equipment comes to modern anti-submarine aircraft radar Toshiba HPS-100 c AFAR, complex opto-electronic sensors and a magnetometer, which is designed to search for submarines in the comparable small distances (this device is similar to that used in the promising South American plane P-81 «Poseidon», which bought Indian Navy).
To increase the combat effectiveness of the aircraft, facilitating the work of his crew Kawasaki P-1 was equipped with artificial intelligence systems, in which Japan is generally very strong. For example, available on an airplane flight control system should immediately form several possible attack scenarios submarine and advise a more balanced option based on existing events. Also entertaining the fact that P-1 for the first time in the world to be implemented control system of a new type — fiber. Compared with the now-classic — wire control system, brand new system will possess a much greater resistance to electrical pulse from a nuclear explosion and electrical dilemmas comparability.
Mounted on a search-and anti-aircraft equipment is designed for the perception of all the spectra of physical fields submarine. On board except radar phased array and magnetometer are sonobuoys, TV and low-level infrared sensors. Anti-submarine aircraft P-1 resettled cargo compartment, which can be located in antisubmarine torpedoes or svobodnopadayuschie bombs. 8 underwing pylons can be mounted anti-ship missiles. Most combat aircraft load equates 9 tons.
Many experts are skeptical of this machine, which is similar to the price actually South American Boeing P-8 Poseidon, which cost the Indian Navy at a cost of 220 million dollars per aircraft. With all this data Japanese aircraft do not reach the U.S. patrol aircraft. Although P-1 has an advantage at the higher flight speed of 100 km / h (for anti-submarine aircraft that is not the main indicator, the more so that the difference in cruising speed is 3 times less), Japanese aircraft has the lowest flight range — 1000 km. This is equivalent to a reduction of time patrolling at least 1 hour. Besides Japanese aircraft crew consists of 13 people (2 pilots), while on board the Boeing P-8 Poseidon is 9 people (2 7). On the one hand it can read on the application of the Japanese variety of equipment, and the other is indirect evidence of the smallest process automation. Although the inhabitants of the country of the rising sun, and are recognized as the favorites in the field of electronics.
In general, based on the pricing and costs of cars on her THAT pretty huge number of professionals believes that the land of the rising sun still promising it would enter into co-operation with the United States to establish a «Poseidon», or simply purchase these aircraft. But the descendants of the samurai chose a different path, deciding to embark on the path of independent military aircraft.
Aircraft performance properties Kawasaki P-1:
Dimensions: wingspan — 35.4 m, length — 38.0 m, height — 12.1 m
Aircraft takeoff weight — 79700 kg.
Engine type — 4 turbofan Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries XF7-10 Joint unforced — 4×60 kN.
The highest speed — 996 km / h, cruising — 833 km / h
Operational range — 8000 km.
Service ceiling — 13,520 m
Crew — 2 persons + 11 operators
Combat load: 9000 kg and 8 hardpoints in the fuselage: missiles: AGM-84 Harpoon, AGM-65 Maverick, ASM-1C; torpedoes: Tour 97, MK-46, GRX-5; RSL, depth charges to 100 pieces.