Robots catch the terrorists and find treasures

More than a quarter century at the National University of Mykolayiv shipbuilding Admiral Makarov develop and build intelligent machines to work underwater.


Thanks to the efforts of Nicholas scientists who were able to after the collapse of the Soviet Union to keep the material base of high school and continue to develop, Ukraine is now represented in the international market of robotics. Nikolaev intelligent machines successfully compete with Japanese and American.

— It all started in the late 80's, — says the head of the scientific school "Underwater Technology", Vice-Rector of the University of Vladimir Nikolaev Shipbuilding Blintsov. — Then our Rector, Professor Mikhail Alexandrov, became interested in the development of special equipment for the study of deep oceans. It was he who brought me and a few young professionals in this work.

By the beginning of the nineties in Nikolaev developed a variety of underwater vehicles — shallow, mid-water and deep-water. "Shallow" descend to a depth of up to a kilometer. This depth is deadly for any diver.

— We started to look for those who our achievements would have been useful — continues provost. — Machines are interested in domestic enterprises engaged in the development of the Black and Azov Seas. Then we went to the orders from the Defense Ministry, interested in Italy, Germany, China, the scientists in these countries had been long engaged in such developments.

Since independence, Ukraine at the University designed and constructed more than 20 projects of automatic underwater vehicles. One of them — a robot "Athlete" — for more than 16 years of monitoring the safety of submarine gas mains.

Under the water are hundreds of kilometers of gas pipelines, which lie on the ground. He finds the damage and after that it is taken emergency crews.


Vice Rector shows us the pride of the university — a scale model of the famous robot "Sophocles."

— And we have built for the Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine — said the scientist. — In the summer of 2009 during sea trials he found a depth of 150 meters and explored war galleys of the Byzantine Empire. Radiocarbon dating showed that her age more than 1000 years, but despite this, it is perfectly preserved.

This finding archaeological world community to recognize the most important discovery in the last 100 years. Due to which Ukraine became a member of UNESCO in "Underwater cultural heritage".


Nicholas robots attracted the participation and SBU. At the beginning of last year on the black market in some countries there was very cheap TNT. The local security forces have established Ukrainian origin of the explosives. SBU could not get on the trail of Russian smugglers. When the delivery channel was blocked, it turned out that the explosives bandits take on the Kinburn Spit, that between the Dnieper-Bug estuary and the Black Sea. A survey of the seabed in the area assigned to local government ministry. It was in November, because the process decided to connect the robot. The first footage from the water shocked the experienced lifeguards.

— All in the bottom of the braid was strewn with 150 — and 200-millimeter shells and mines during the Second World War — says Vladimir Blintsov. — But the most frightening thing — lay at the bottom of the mass of the depth charges — 300 pounds of pure TNT each. And all this at a depth of 3-4 meters. Someone found out about it and began to fish out from the bottom of the shells, which smelt of TNT and export abroad. This is a very expensive material.

Even after it became clear that the area was sunk several barges, brim full of explosives.
Guard "dogs" of the navy

About drawings combat vehicles are not forgotten. Now in production workshops Shipbuilding University built a new robot generation. At the construction site we were not allowed, they say, a military secret, but something told about the latest development.

— According to engine power, autonomy, security, and other essential parameters in this machine unique in the world is not, — Boasting designer. — However, this is not a fighting machine — more security. Most of its features resemble the behavior of a watchdog, because the main task — to ensure the safety of vessels, while they are most vulnerable — at anchor.

The unit is a three-dimensional map of the bottom and sends it to the command center, and then keeps track of all the changes in it. The device knows how enemies can look around, and easily distinguishes man from the dolphin. In case of threat detection signal goes to the headquarters.

— The unit is equipped with systems to talk about that I have no right, — said Vladimir Blintsov.

— Let me just say that the person, even with special training, will try as soon as possible to escape from it.

Multi-purpose autonomous underwater vehicle Seabeetle H200 for depths up to 200m

Osmotrovye and inspection work at depths of up to 200m

cal underwater operations.

— The measured data batimetrichnyh.
— Inspection of pipelines.
— Control of the environment.
— Research.
— Examination of the impact of hurricanes.
— Engineering studies for the construction of pipelines and platforms.Features and benefits of multi-autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) Seabeetle H200.
— The mobile system for underwater observation and work that can work with any type of vehicle providing.
— Modularity, the ability to transport assembled in a sturdy box.
— Ready to go to work. Does not need to pre-calibration and adaptation to local conditions.
— Small own trail does not interfere with their own systems.
— Simple graphic user interface suitable for commercial use.
— Low operating costs compared to traditional methods of work surface vessels.
— Ample opportunities to install additional sensors.
— Automated control regime pipelines APA board system
— A full-scale delivery of information in the survey and monitoring of pipelines okruzhyuschey environment.
— Management APA compatible with most types of microprocessor systems.
— Add-on modules can be modified to meet the new requirements.
— Lowering and lifting device (SPM) allows you to work with vysokobortnymi courts.

Propulsion and steering system.
A marching bezkollektorny motor with fixed pitch propeller in the guide nozzle.
The vertical and horizontal rudders. The control apparatus of the number of revolutions of the motor.

Post monitoring and maintenance APA.
Charging station for Li-Po batteries.
PC to monitor system status, download programs, and reading. 15 "screen, HDD storage device. Baud rate not less than 19200 bytes in a format RS485. Monitored and configured:
— camera settings (sharpness, shutter, white balance);
— mode navigation system;
— parameters in digital imaging;
— entry and removal photoinformation with HDD storage;
— self-diagnostic systems APA;
— mode lamps;
— additional camera settings or stereovideosistemy;
— the display of the motion parameters APA.The navigation system.
It is made on a solid, integrated platform.Sensors.
— 3-component, two-level systems, the accuracy of + — 1% with the possibility of tuning;
— the depth with an accuracy of 0.1%;
— internal temperature;
— flowing water into the housing;
— current consumption;
— flashing beacon.Additional equipment.
— stereo video system;
— Aft video camera;
— acoustic beacon.

Propulsion and steering system.
— Marching movement: 2 thrusters with a thrust of 360 N to move forward
— The vertical movement of 2 thrusters with thrust 340 N.
— Lag movement: 1 thruster with a thrust of 160 N. Thrusters have bezkollektornymi motors

Telemetry system.
Peripheral devices are managed and controlled by the device via RS485. For sonar, a separate power supplyVideo system.
Inspection Camera (option VS1673DL3SI).
Color, (PAL, NTCS) with a 10-X varioobektivom. Relative Aperture F1, 8. Attached to the external load and is equipped with two lamps. Resolution: 460tv.l. Threshold color sensitivity: 0.3 lux at F1, 8. Shutter: electronic, adjustable OT 1/3 to 1/10, 000 sekundy.Lazerny range finder, two halogen lamps with adjustable интенсивностью.Навигационная video camera (option VS300).
Black and white high-sensitivity video camera with a wide angle lens, mounted on top of the base frame. Focal length of 3.6 mm. The relative aperture Fl, 6. Viewing angle 680. Resolution: 570 tv.l. The threshold of sensitivity: 0.01 lux.Fixtures.
— Two forward towards halogen bulbs 50 watts and two LED lights with adjustable intensity.
— Xenon flash tube search engine.

— position: 3-component solid, accuracy: + / — 1% in auto-detection mode;
— Depth: precision type, accuracy of 0.1% with an automatic determination of the depth;
— the temperature inside the vessel;
— flowing water;
— current load.

Additional equipment.
— or sonar navigation Profiler (option Super SeaKing DST);
— side-looking radar (option SN5H300);
— 3-power electric manipulator;
— digital camera with flash (option VSPN 304);
— navigation system with ultra-long or base;
— stereo TV system (base 350 mm);
— Aft Camera (option VS300H300AR);
— acoustic pinger EDET000071.Control post.
Control panel
The source of power supply for the device is integrated with a personal computer and storage of information. Performance standard IP52 19 "splash-proof housing, 15" screen. Telecommunications via RS485.
The remote control allows you to control:
— camera settings;
— automatic withholding rate and depth;
— digital work chamber;
— work with digital storage media;
— diagnosis of the system;
— control of lighting fixtures;
— Parallel viewing navigatsinnoy and video technology;
— output of the device, the rate, depth, speed.Remote control panel.
Equipped with two joysticks, two-stage, one for the motion control system and work process equipment, the second — to control the manipulator and complex color television complex.

Main results
| A method for determining the architectural and constructive type of "smart" robotic underwater vehicles (South Africa) to perform the search, inspection and subsea engineering works;
| A methodology for the synthesis of systems of "smart" control quasi-stationary and transient regimes of South Africa on the basis of application of the theory of fuzzy logic and artificial neural networks;
| Designed direct and inverse mathematical models and neural networks functioning as objects of South Africa automated and automatic management in an uncertain external disturbances and unsteadiness own parameters;
| The techniques of design calculation of the main structural elements of "smart" South Africa;
| The methods of synthesis of fuzzy and neural network controller for actuators South Africa;
| The methods of the research laboratory and basin tests "smart" South Africa and their elements;
| Improved modeling complex dedicated to research on the effectiveness of systems of "smart" control of South Africa in quasi-stationary and dynamic modes of operation.

| Specialized simulation system for the study of the effectiveness of systems of "smart" control of South Africa in quasi-stationary and dynamic modes of operation.
| Developed prototypes of "smart" South Africa with a multi-level neuro-automatic
control system to check the validity of the results

Implementation of research results

| The concept of "smart" control South Africa in an uncertain external disturbances and unsteadiness own parameters will be introduced in South Africa AME CRI Armed Forces of Ukraine, State Enterprise "Kyiv Institute Hydrodevices" SSPC and the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the formulation of technical specifications for the creation of new types of underwater vehicles (GDR planned in 2013 year)

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