In August 1967 the Japanese company "Mitsubishi" started to design multi-role aircraft. The plane had to change the existing armed forces of the South American defense both military and trainer aircraft. Japan got the opportunity to develop their research and experimental base for the development of military aircraft. Earlier airframe factory land of the rising sun produced licensed design airplanes, airplanes and their development (passenger MU-2 flying boat "Shin Maeve» PS-1, C-1 transport).
In October 1968 began the construction of full-scale mock two-seater training aircraft, which ended in January 1969 in March 1970 between the command of the Air Force and the company "Mitsubishi" signed an agreement on the construction of 2-prototype for flight testing. In March 1971, the glider began statistical tests, and in April they finished the first prototype reference. The development of aircraft operated Japanese designer K. Ikeda.
After ground tests ace aircraft, received the title of HT-2, made the first flight December 2, 1971 First Serial training aircraft, named T-2, was released in March 1975 This aircraft was the first in the Land of the Rising Sun supersonic aircraft.
In 1972, the company "Mitsubishi" commissioned Air Force began to develop on the basis of T-2 combat single-seat fighter-bomber F-1 — the first since the second World War, the Japanese warplane of its development. By design, it is a copy of the aircraft T-2, but has a single-seat cockpit and a large number of nodes external load guns and more than a modern avionics. First flying fighter-bomber F-1 made June 7, 1975, and First serial — June 16, 1977
The aircraft is a monoplane with high-lying swept variable sweep wing, all-moving single-fin stabilizer and vertical tail surfaces. Sweep angle at the root portion of the front edge 68 °, to the middle of the shoulder and the end portion 42.5 38 °. The angle of the cross-V — is negative and equal to 9 °. Slats are placed across the span of the wing. For lateral control used only two-section spoilers. Rejection of the aileron flaps position has permitted virtually across the span of the wing. For the growth of wing lift and bad take-sedimentary features is kominatsiya spoilers, slats and flaps (slats and flaps are put forward at once.) Semi-monocoque fuselage is made taking into account the rules of space. At the bottom of the fuselage behind the chassis mounted air brakes and two ventral keel that improve stability Putney aircraft. At the tail fairing mounted brake parachute and landing across the bottom hook. Side vozduhopoglotiteli unregulated and provided with additional inlet valves. Stabilizer set at a negative angle and the cross-V is 15 °.
The performance properties of the F-1:
Crew: 1 pilot
Length: 17.86 m (with a barbell JHA)
Wingspan: 7.88 m
Height: 4.39 m
Wing Area: 21.18 m?
Empty weight: 6360 kg
The biggest take-off weight: 13,675 kg
Fuel capacity: 3,823 liters (+3? 821 liter drop tanks)
Propulsion: 2? Turbofans Rolls-Roys/Turbomeka "Adour" Mk.801A
Dry power: 2,320 kgs.
Afterburner thrust: 3315 kgf.
The highest speed: 1700 km / h at an altitude of 12,200 m
Battle radius of 555 km (2? ASM-1)
Service ceiling: 15,240 m
Rate of climb: 178 m / s
Takeoff run: 1,280 m (maximum takeoff weight)
Gunnery 1? 20 mm cannon JM61 «Volcano"
Suspension points: 7 (one under the fuselage, 2 on the wingtips and 4 under the wings)
The combat load: 2720 kg
missiles "air-to-air": 4? AIM-9L or AAM-1
missiles "air-to-surface" 2? ASM-1
Rockets: 70 mm or 130 mm
Bombs: 227 kg or 340 kg bombs on the Multi Lock holders
F-1 was removed from service of the Air Self-Defense Force Land of the Rising Sun in 2006.
F-1 — 77 pcs.
T-2 — 90 pcs.