The Su-35 was a mystery for many years, under this index published photos of various modifications of the Su-27, writes defenseindustrydaily.com March 27.
Now this aircraft ordered the Russian Air Force Su-35 is also positioned as a fighter that will change in the near decade most of the Su-30MK export market. Will he have success?
In 2005-2007, this fighter was presented as two different versions of the Su-27. First is the modified version of the midst of the current cycle drill Su-35, the second — even more advanced version with front canards (used as an index of the Su-37). So, what can realize under the Su-35?
What kind of «dry»?
Currently, the Su-35 has become quite a bit as a compromise between the modified combat aircraft modernization and complete vision of a fighter. In some sources he has the designation Su-35BM (T-10BM, while starting serial layout of the Su-27 is designated as T-10S). From the available disk imaging it is clear that the Su-35 radar resettled with passive phased «Irbis-E» (the future development of «Bars-M»), there is no front horizontal empennage (PGO), located in the tail support defense radar rearview power plant consists of 2-AL-37FU/117S turbofan with thrust vector control (UHT) and thrust in afterburner from 142 to 147 kN with greater bandwidth vozduzabornikov wing has developed mechanization as flaperon occupying the entire trailing edge resettled system EW L175M » Hibiny «and the newest and lightest digital wire system (FBWCS) with 4 channels, the cabin has absolutely» glass interface «with 2 LCD screens a large area, the pilot has a helmet-mounted target designation system.
Developer KB aircraft «Sukhoi» reported that due to the increased landing weight machine has a two-wheeled front rack. Speed at the ground of 1400 km / h (1.4 M) at high altitude of 2400 km / h (2.26 M), cruising speed with arms and without the inclusion of Afterburner is subsonic (M1 + achievement rate for this mode may obtain on demand with improved engines greater thrust). Thrust vector control increases the maneuverability of the aircraft.
Radar «Irbis-E» resettled 2-stage electrohydraulic drive that provides the greatest deviation of the electric beam at 120 degrees. Developer radar NIIP. Tikhomirov reports that radar can detect and track down up to 30 air targets with providing simultaneous shooting 8 of them in operation at ground targets once the station is able to detect and track down four goals and provides the shooting of two of them. Most range detection of air targets is advertised as 400 km (240 miles), but the figure of the ESR (effective scattering area) targets are not reported. Find Boeing-747 at such distance is much simpler than the light fighter JAS-39 Gripen. The aircraft also resettled IR system with a range of detection of air targets more than 80 km.
Su-27 never have low ESR, because its design is significantly suzivaet prospects for modernization in this area. Yet, «dry» reports on «significant reduction in visibility of the aircraft» in X-band (classic mode in the spectrum of modern radars angles + — 60 degrees). Work in this direction, based on the results of flight tests were conducted with the introduction of radar absorbing coatings and removal / configuration location external sensors that build radar signature. Service life of the new aircraft is 6,000 hours (30 years), the resource engine 4000 hours. Time will tell how true these statements properties.
Su-27 fighters came after U.S. fourth-generation F-14, F-15, F-16 and F-18, which allowed the Russian designers consider their properties. In the end, was created a fighter that has great scope for modernization. Su-27/30 for export popularity rapidly eclipsed the MiG-29, which in time was the main Russian export product.
Su-27 has become a major global rival Western fighters and was sold in countries with weak access to modern Western technology. A huge amount of terrain turned Su-27/30 former Russian republics, but particularly China and India have become a reality external customers. Now Su-35 should compete on 2-export fronts — with modern Western fighters of the 4 + and in the future to fight the Chinese proposals — copied the J-11 (Our true birthplace blames China of stealing intellectual equipment), the smallest in size and a cheap J -10 4 + generation or even light Chinese / Pakistani JF-17.
China has a huge number of Su-30MKK, but their number is still less than the contract was concluded on their creation. Advances programm J-11B with Chinese electronics, radar and power plant. Our homeland is very upset so illegal introduction of own aircraft reportedly specifically it prevents the sale of carrier-based fighters Su-33 to China. In programmke J-11 China faced with some neuvvyazkami, namely, the inability to provide a resource motor compared with unusual Russian AL-31F. This fact also came some Russian officials thought to resume exports of fighters, but the factor of J-11 remains a barrier for subsequent deliveries. Media reported that reached a preliminary agreement to supply China 24 Su-35 fighters, but these reports are controversial. The emergence of China in the registry for future customers of the Su-35 is not clear, because Beijing is an export rival of, and delivery of these fighters will create difficulties for the promotion of the Su-35 in the markets of other countries.
Export prospects of the Su-35 is not as wide as in the case of Su-27/30. Eastern European countries are no longer acquire Russian fighter jets, the potential supply of Su-35 in developing countries is also limited because the market is aimed in different directions.
India continues aaplet procurement and licensed production of Su-30MKI fighters with their own electronics. Malaysia ordered the least «advanced» Su-30MKM with French and Russian avionics. Both versions are very modern and its characteristics are comparable to the Su-35. India is unlikely to order a Su-35, because it continues to license the creation of the Su-30MKI and wants to do it for a couple years. This factor significantly suzivaet export potential of the Su-35.
Algeria and Venezuela get the least developed version of Su-30MK2 and Su-30MKA, which means that their military spending these countries be directed to other applets. South Korea continues to purchase U.S. F-15K, in a new tender was no place for the Su-35. Saudi Arabia, prone to purchasing Russian weapons, ordered the European Eurofighter for its own air force. Brazil, which could become a huge export market for the Su-35, did not include it in the final round of the tender own FX-2.
Currently, Near East countries have a limited market for the purchase of Russian fighter jets, prospective customers are registered in Libya, Syria and perhaps Iran. Most of the states in the region are already occupied by other suppliers. In African countries, increase competitive with China.
New markets in South Asia such as Indonesia and Vietnam, «more promising» for the Su-35, because these countries are the least likely to take Chinese or western fighters, but at the present time they are busy paying procurement Su-27/30 previous versions and future orders may will be limited.
In general, the numbers show that the export capacity of the Su-35 «much less favorable» than it was for his «early relatives», summarizes defenseindustrydaily.com.