The first global war. Prasnyshskaya operation

The First World War.  Prasnyshskaya operation

In connection with the transition to the Western Front to trench warfare and the lack of prospects for a frisky defeat of the enemy on this front, the German high command, after some internal struggle just elected the eastern front as the main theater of the war in 1915.

After the withdrawal of Russian troops in the middle of December 1914, on the eastern front has created about the subsequent position. Before the Germans fortified positions along the river. Angerapu and Mazury lakes braked 10th Russian army, which had 15 infantry. German divisions against 8. On the left bank of the river. Vistula after stubborn fighting 1st, 2nd and 5th Russian army (33 infantry. Division) took up positions at pp. Bzura and mandrel. Against this part of the Russian front was the 9th German Army (25 infantry. Divisions). Further south, between pp. And the Vistula river Pilica, placed 4 th and 9 th Russian Army (17th Infantry. Divisions), with himself in front of the 4th Austrian army (17 divisions). 4th Army provided the left flank of the north-west front. The Russian army in Galicia (3rd, 8th and 11th) after reflection coming Austrians secured his position, which was 31 against infantry. Division opponent. So Makar, against 103 Russian divisions on the entire front (including the reserve of the High Command), the Germans with 83 divisions (including Austrian). "The experience of Tannenberg and the Masurian Lakes in the fight showed — says in his own memoirs, Ludendorff — that big and fast success can only be achieved if an attack on the enemy with 2-sides." "There was a possibility — he continues — to focus a strong group of 3 corps between the Niemen and expensive Insterburg, Gumbinen and clumping, spanning in the direction of Tilsit, Vladislavov and Calvary. Another group, which came into the 11th emergency housing, which were attached to 2 more infantry and 4 kavdnvizii, is sent between the lakes Shpirding and abroad through Byala on Raygorod, in August and the south … The two battle groups had to circle the enemy (ie, the 10th Russian Army) and the earlier it would environment, it would be better for us … The premise is a strong hold of the front longish strip Vlotslavsk, Mlawa, Ioganisburg, Osovets "{1}. Go with this German command schedule and blow from the south, in the Carpathian Mountains. "We are planning a new blow to East Prussia. If the Hungarian steel road in time of peace were better built, strategically such strike would be advisable and in the Carpathians" {2}.

To attack from East Prussia on to cover both flanks of the 10th Russian Army perebrosal German command a large force from the left coast of the river. Vistula (Scheme 1).

The First World War.  Prasnyshskaya operation
Scheme 1. Position of the parties by 15 February 1915

The Russian high command under pressure from the Entente has again raised the troops puzzle — take over Eastern Prussia. The main attack was planned to deal with the front Pultusk, Ostrolenka towards Soldau, Ortelsburg, ie, on the flank of the 10th German Army. For this purpose, the newcomer has been formed, the 12th Army of General Pleve. Start operation after the assumed full concentration of the 12th Army, around February 28. The purpose of this operation, "call the regrouping of German forces in East Prussia, in the hope that if such grouping can be found zeal of the Germans in some areas, and where it will be possible to put our efforts to break the enemy's location and the upcoming development of success in this direction "{3}.

The Russian high command, adopting a plan to strike in East Prussia, bends operations south-west front of subordinate importance. But this front commander, General Ivanov, affect the Headquarters, headed for the solution of the simultaneous striking in the direction of Hungary. As can be seen, in February 1915 the Supreme Command of the Russian army has outlined two plans — coming to East Prussia and Hungary — which had to be carried out in parallel. This led to a topic that Russian efforts were aimed apmii on two fronts, causing dispersion of forces along divergent lines of operation.

The German command had become known about the plan of the Russian General Headquarters. Taking the advantage of speed rearrangements, it has decided to warn the enemy of its own and has outlined a counterattack in order to reach the deepest Russian front from both flanks — from the north and from the Carpathian Mountains — and seize the initiative in their hands ..

In February 1915, the Germans launched an offensive against the Russian 10th Army, as a result of which not only blew off the Russian command was preparing to strike in East Prussia, but relegate the 10th Army of the area, surrounded with all this in the forests of the August 20 nd Russian Corps and the captivity of its remains.

In connection with the created situation is particularly important Prasnyshskaya operation that took place at Mlavskom direction, just right for the February operation in Eastern Prussia.

The purpose Prasnyshskoy operations by the Germans was strong retention strip Vlotslavsk, Mlawa, Ioganisburg, Osovets. "It will be completed the deployment of the army group would need to conceive of, so to start to move up the flank of Army Group to p. Skrva, so this method is likely to be against the flank of the coming of the Russian army and gain contiguity to the left of the 9th Army at the mouth of . Bzura "{4} — said in a directive to General Galvitsu, managing operations in Mlavskom direction. General Galvits believed that only the coming of the starting zostochnee left wing of his group, would prevent the Russian forces redeploy in support of the 10th Army s Masurian lakes. Based on this, he decides to continue to develop even earlier coming on their own right flank in the direction of the spent grain Ratsionzh and after the arrival of the 1st cut. the body (of the 9th Army) strike in the direction of Prasnysh and east. So Makarov, the Germans put the puzzle fast footwork delay line Vlotslavsk, Ioganisburg, attracting over significant Russian forces in order to prevent the transfer of forces in support of the 10th Army. The Russian command set itself the task to focus on the band Lomza, Prasnysh, Plock 12th and the 1st Army and the attack on Soldau and further to the north-west. But, as we already know, make a command of Russian thought the deepest invasion of East Prussia was thwarted by the advent of the German East Prussia and the defeat of the 10th Russian Army.

The Russian command to the Commander of the 1st Army, General Litvinov puts more limited task — to cover the approaches to Warsaw from Vilenberg and Thorn coming in a northwesterly direction, without waiting for a final concentration of 12 th Army. February 15, General Litvinov gives a directive, according to which the main blow is struck on the left flank of the army, where he pulls significant force. In the same area Prasnysha remain feeble and west of the 1st Cavalry Corps and the Turkestan General Himetsa.

By the beginning of the operation Prasnyshskoy Germans had followed forces: Army Group General Galvitsa in the corps
of generals Tsastrova, Dihguta, 1st cut. Corps, the 1st Guards. Division, part of the 20th Arm. housing Landsturm and 2 Cavalry Division, ie a total of 4 buildings and 2 Cavalry Division. Army Group has a strong Galvitsa the heavy artillery. On the Russian side in the initial step in Prasnyshskoy operations forces have adopted the role of the 1st Army: 1st Turkestan, 27 th and 19 th arm. Corps, Cavalry Corps General Oranovskii, equestrian group of General Erdelyi and other cavalry units, only 3 cases and 9? Cavalry Division. So Makarov, first operation the Germans had an advantage in the infantry. If we consider that the Russian army had a big shortage of personnel, experienced "slug famine" and possessed not numerous artillery, the advantage was clearly on the side of the Germans.

Specifically Mlavskom (Prasnyshskom) acted towards two German corps (Tsastrova Corps and the 1st cut. Corps), part of the 20th Corps and landshturmennye part, or only 2? housing; same in Russian — Turkestan Corps and the 63rd Infantry. Division (from the 27th Arm. Corps), ie, the Germans had an advantage of a double.

At the end of the operation on the Russian side took the role of the 1st and 2nd Siberian Corps (the latter belonged to the composition of the 12th Army), which changed the correlation of forces in the direction Prasnyshskom and gave an advantage of some of the Russian army (corps 5 against 4 German) .
Area of operations is a hilly plain, sloping from north to south. It cut through the tributaries of the rivers Vistula and Narew. The plains of the rivers have a width of 1-3 km and marshy places. Rivers of merit p. Orzhitsa a marshy plain to 1 km wide, wide plains of Horzhele achieves 5.6 km: the river is split into branches and represents a severe obstacle to cross. The influx Orzhitsa, p. Hungarian flows through Prasnysh. Left tributary of Prune, p. Muravka, crossed the positions of both sides. Both rivers are plain breadth of 1-2 km. Other rivers are insignificant, they all flow from north to south, that is almost parallel paths coming parties.

Mounds are low, their slopes are mostly curtains, tops could often serve as a decent observational pt. The soil in the area of operations — loam mixed with podzol. Such soil during the thaw rapidly converted to gryazyuka that clings to the legs and wheels and very difficult to move. The area is rich ways, but all of a country dirt roads were in a bad condition. As can be seen, the area was comfortable for the actions of all branches of service. But by the time fighting was thawing, significantly influenced the course of the fight.

The First World War.  Prasnyshskaya operation
Scheme 2. Fights from 18 to 25 February 1915

PROCEEDINGS OF WARFARE

Prasnyshskaya operation can be broken down into three steps:
The first step (from 15 to 21 February) — Ratsionzh fighting in the area. Pellets (on the left flank of the Russian 1st Army).
The second step (from 17 to 24 February) — the capture, the Germans Prasnysh.
3rd step (from February 25 to March 3) — working, the seizure of Russian Prasnysha.
First and second phases coincide in time, but they occurred at different, the latter, the flanks of the 1st Russian army.

Already since February 10 German Corps General Dihguta while the 1st Guards. res. s Division advancing towards Drobin, Ratsionzh. Those standing on the Russian left wing cavalry Erdelyi and the 1st Cavalry Corps moved to p. Skrve in the south-east. Here are targeted, not counting already in force here 1st Turkestan Corps, the 27th and 19th Arm. housing.

February 17, General Litvinov gives a directive, which ordered: 1st Turkestan Corps continue to perform the same tasks, ie, to restrain the enemy at Mlavskom direction, the 19 th Army and the 1st cavalry corps — to continue coming to the front Glinoetsk, Ratsionzh, parts 27th Arm. body-assist this offensive. So Makar, personal coming of the Germans lured to discover almost all the powers of the 1st Russian army, weakening Prasnyshskoe direction where already 17 February began advancing German army corps 2 (1 res. Corps and Corps General Tsastrova).

On this front, battles were fought with varying success: some Russian troops pushed the Germans were forced to retreat after the last cavalry general Erdelyi, and eventually fighting was protracted nature.

February 17, began coming of the left flank of General Galvitsa. 1st cut. body by putting forward the forward detachments, focused under Horzhele. To the right of his body was acting general Tsastrova.

February 17 and 18 Germans nekordinalno moved forward on this flank. Their evades group under the command of General Shtaabs reached the river. Orzhitsa, but could not capture the crossing east Edinorozhets defending Russian. February 18, General Galvits decided to knock forces 1-th cut. housing to the west and crush Prasnysha flank of the 1st Corps of Turkestan, who was in Ciechanów. But the chief of the German eastern front hit the east Prasnysha considered more feasible to capture him, and gave instructions to move around in the coming Prasnysha.

Fulfilling this directive, General Galvits Feb. 18 ordered the 1st cut. the main body of his forces for the next day to move east Prasnysha in such a way, that on February 20 storm 1st Corps Russian Turkestan in the right flank and rear. At the time of surgery the 1st cut. body subordinate to the division from the right flank corps of General Tsastrova (Division of General Vernitsa), she had to get Prasnysh from the west (with x e m and 2).

At this time the thaw, the roads became impassable. As a result, the 1st cut. Division came forward units to Shlya and 36th res. Division — only to Ednorozhets.

20 February 1st cut. Prasnysh body walked from the east and south-east, and without encountering significant resistance from the Russian troops formed up front to the west.

In order to bypass the parry commander of the 1st Corps of the Turkestan sent to Pike 2nd Battalion, in Gaule — to 5 battalions and district Macs — 2 squads militias. But the commander of the 1st Army Gen. Litvinov still think that the main focus is its left flank, and decisive action to eliminate impact on the Germans did not take Prasnyshskom direction. Meanwhile, the concentration of the troops of the 12th Russian army lasted, and by 20 February the 2nd Siberian Corps, graduating redeployment by rail, going in the Peninsula. 1st Siberian Corps at that time was on the march to Serock.

On 21 February the 1st German cut. the body has been tasked to take over, the Prasnyshem, so that then hit the rear 1st Turkestan body in the direction of Tsekhanov. 1st cut. Division stormed the fortified position east and south-east Prasnysha.

In the end, the battle Russian troops were driven back from the front line. 36th res. Division, headed to the bypass to the south of Prasnysha, has met strong resistance Russian troops and only in the evening could tilt the right flank of the 63rd Infantry. division, defending the city Prasnysh. As a result, with the coming of darkness on the left flank of the 1st Corps of the Turkestan was airlifted about 2 infantry regiments in the entire Balkan (25 km south of Prasnysha) to intercept roads leading out of Prasnysha.

February 21, Litvinov General has received the following telegram from the front commander, General Ruza "1st Army tasked by all means hold the line Vyshegrod, Plonsk, Tsekhanov, Prasnysh. Important area of the location of the Germans in this strip, from the standpoint of the general tasks Front,
to the 1st Army is Mlavskoe direction. placed by the first army task can be performed defensively or offensively. When defensive action method should be cooked on a busy strip marked strengthening, and on top, ie Mlavskom direction must be strong Army Reserve. solutions to the current case is of course the advent of puzzles that must tread specifically on the main line, ie Mlavskom. Meanwhile, from the reports received from you can see that in the main, Mlavskom direction Turkestan body holds defensively, and on the secondary direction Ratsionzh, Drobin 19 th and 27 th corps ordered to attack. coming in this direction is impractical because it is not consistent with the main task of the front and joint action of the 1st Army with the 12th Army … In view of the above suggest regroup forces of the 1st Army in accordance with the just-defined main task of the front and the first Army … regroup and finish as soon as possible "{5}.

So Makar, only when Prasnysh already been set aside and, in fact, surrounded, when the coming of the German troops have gained full development, General Litvinov had to turn away (and then under pressure from above) from its own plan and act according to the current situation.
The decor is formed by 22 February, followed by: Division of General Vernitsa out on the highway Mlawa, Prasnysh at Grudusk and east of it; 36th res. division by the end of day or took Will Verzhbovska and it snapped the defending in the Russian parts Prasnyshe escape routes for Tsekhanov. Then the commander of the 1st Corps of the Turkestan decided temporarily to cover the paths of Ciechanów bend the right flank of their own positions to the south of the Will Verzhbovska.

The next day, February 23, the Division of General Vernitsa has advanced its left flank and came into contact with the 1st cut. Will housing in Berzhbovska. Prasnysha closed in a ring around. On the same day the Germans stormed Prasnysh and obsessed with the southern edge of the town and barracks, located in the eastern part of it. Garrison Prasnysha — 63rd Infantry. Division — stubbornly defended. But in view of the advantages is capable of Germans in the morning on February 24 Prasnysh was taken.

One of the participants prasnyshskih fights describes this moment, followed by: "February 24 about 10 hours ended drama Prasnyshskogo garrison. Having lost more than half of the fire, he could not resist the forces of a let Galvitsem freshest …" {6}. Meanwhile, to the battlefield, to Prasnyshu a hurry 2 Russian Corps: 2nd Siberian east and 1st Siberian from the south. Corps by February 20, graduated from the redeployment by rail and concentrated in the Peninsula neighborhood and Serock. But the acts of these cases have not been agreed upon. This was the result of the 2nd Siberian Corps was subordinate to the commander of the 12th Army, and the 1st Siberian Corps — the commander of the 1st Army. 2nd Siberian housing February 21 to march from the Island to Ostroleka and 1st Siberian Corps camped for the night in a 6-8 km southwest of Serock. The next day the 2nd Siberian Corps headed for the area of 6-8 km west of Ostrolenka and 1st Siberian housing — District of Pultusk. Then they spent the night. February 23 2nd Siberian Corps approached Krasnoseltsu and 1st Siberian Corps — to the best of poppies and their units came into contact with the troops of the 1st Corps of the Turkestan. When crossing the river. Orzhitsa, representing eventually thaw significant obstacle, part of the 2nd Siberian Corps met resistance from the enemy. 1st Siberian Corps, advancing slowly and gently to the north, for February 23, has advanced only 6.8 km at a very insignificance of resistance to the Germans. By the final day or part of the 1st and 2nd Siberian buildings were about 18 miles from Prasnysha.

At 22 o'clock on February 23, commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps received from the commander of the 12th Army, General Pleve directive to which stated: "your body after crossing over the river. Orzhitsa, the purpose of action should not be Prasnysh city, and the enemy troops to be storm in flank and rear. "With all of this stated:" it is necessary to capture messages enemy off to the north and north-east, "{7}.

The First World War.  Prasnyshskaya operation
Scheme 3. Fights from 25 to 28 February 1915

In accordance with this directive commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps puts the puzzle right-wing 5th Siberian Division to advance to the front Shlya, Bartniki to enter the enemy's lines of communication. 4th Siberian Division was ordered by ferry from Podose advance in the general direction of the front Bartniki, Prasnysh, storm the enemy in the east and south, with a view together with the 1st Siberian Corps envelop the enemy, cutting off his escape route. 1st Siberian Corps, advancing from Makov on Prasnysh, no specific tasks are not received.

The commander of the 1st Army until the last moment kept his main force (27 th and 19 th arm. Corps, 1st Cavalry. Corps) on his own left flank. It was only on February 24, General Litvinov wrote in his own directive "requires that tomorrow, February 25, 1st article. Prasnysh occupied housing, and the 1st Turk. Corps — Hoynovo area." February 25, General Litvinov gives the latest directive, according to which the third Cavalry. body is derived from the battle on the left flank of the army and concentrates on Mlavskom direction. The next day he derives from the battle on the left flank and the 19th Arm. body.

So Makar, under the influence of the enemy, General Litvinov had to change their original group. But it was too late. 1st Cavalry. housing before the end of the fight could not take part in the fighting on Prasnyshskom direction.

General Galvits, having intelligence of the approach of the 1st and 2nd Siberian corps. February 25 decided to go on the defensive. The defense was built Prasnysha followed properly (Scheme 3): from the south defended 36th res. Division, adjacent to the division of General Vernitsa, in the east — 9th landv. brigade and half the third infantry. Division, in reserve was the 1st cut. Division.

February 25th of the 1st and 2nd Siberian corps fled in coming. Under the pressure of the 1st Siberian Corps 36th res. Division Germans began to withdraw. During the day the body moved to 6 km and went to the line, 8 km south of Prasnysha. 1st Turkestan his body moved to the right flank of the line of Zielona, Will Verzhbovska.

2nd Siberian Corps night attack broke the resistance of the 9th landv. Brigade and went to the front B. Grzhibki, Frankove, Karvach, ie, close to Prasnyshu to 5 km.

The next day the commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps received from General Pleve directive to "smash the enemy to pursue his most energetic, mercilessly, if you can not release it, and take or kill, in general, show an extreme energy … trying not to let the backing of Prasnysha of the enemy and capture his escape route from Prasnysha in the north-east and north "{8}. All this day of the 2nd Siberian Corps fought a stubborn battle with the 9th landv. Brigade to the 15th hour, took the line Dembiny, Karvach, Fiyalkovo. In the 16th hour. 30 minutes. commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps received the latest directive, in which stated that "in view of the information about the departure of the Germans in the north of the Prasnysha — it is better to give your columns over the northern direction to produce more profound coverage" {9}. Only after such instructions commander of the 2n
d Corps has decided to propose to Ednorozhets 17th page Regiment under the command of Colonel Tarakanova. By the final day or two of February 26 th Siberian Corps reached the line Kuskovo Bartniki, Zavadka, that is hung on the flank, and threatened the rear of the 1st cut. housing. But it is a profitable position was not applied due to lack of initiative of command, starting with the commander of the corps commander and ending with the 17th Regiment, Colonel Tarakanov page.

On the same day the 1st Siberian night attack took possession of the body Dobrzhankovo (6 km south-east of Prasnysha), capturing a huge number of prisoners (about 2,000 people), and 20 guns. 1st Turkestan Corps stormed into the joint 36th res. Division and the Division of General Vernitsa the area is green, lagoon and moved to the western approaches of Prasnysha went out in the evening to the front Gaulle Jilin.

February 27th commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps received from the commander of the army indication of the development of vigorous prosecution. The corps commander gave the order, according to which the colonel ordered Tarakanova throw 2 with artillery battalion in Edinrozhets to prevent the enemy in his attempts to fall back on the road Prasnysh, Ednorozhets and other forces immediately to advance through Charzhaste Lanenta Horzhelevskom on the highway, where the road to stop the enemy's retreat .

Due to the fact that at 15 o'clock on February 27 followed by the directive of the Army Staff of the attack Prasnysha, commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps gave an additional order in which the 17th Regiment page was put on the task attack also Lanenty on Olshevets, and all other parts of the tread on Prasnysh .

Prasnysha attack began at different times. At 15 hr. 30 minutes. of the 1st Siberian Division (1st Siberian Corps) burst on the eastern outskirts of Prasnysha and took many prisoners. At 10:00 4th Siberian Division (2nd Siberian Corps.) Attack from the north, east and south broke into Prasnysh and also captured prisoners and trophies (1 500 prisoners and six machine guns). By 19 o'clock on February 27 Prasnysh was cleared of the enemy.

The next day, February 28, General Litvinov gives a directive on the vigorous pursuit of a broken enemy. But the prosecution, in the strict sense of the word, was not cooperated. Horse Unit attached Siberian Corps, did not receive certain tasks and have remained virtually in the 2nd tier. This allowed the enemy to break away from the Russian troops and organize a planned retreat in the north-west.
February 28 2nd Siberian body moved slowly receding for the 1st cut. Germans shell, 1st Siberian Corps was advancing along the positions of the 1st Corps Turkestan, and in some consequence came Fri mixing parts. The Russian cavalry detachment Himetsa and other parts of the inactive poprezhiemu and were in the rear. 1st Cavalry. Corps arrived late and role in the prosecution did not accept.

Follow-developed here followed properly. German troops, failing to break away from the pursuing Russian parts, went to Horzhele on fortified positions, where he braked. Russian troops came to these positions, tried to storm it, but failed. Has not been made reconnaissance of enemy positions, there was no preliminary bombardment, the troops fled to attack unprepared — all this and had intended its failure.

March 7 Germans, once again led the coming against units of the 2nd Corps of the Siberian Horzhele on Edinrozhets, Prasnysh and Russian forces pushed almost to Prasnysha. To counter this attack was aimed 23rd arm. Corps, who defeated the left wing groups and the general Galvitsa back position. German troops retreated back to Mlawa and Horzhele. The fighting on this front evenly began to take a protracted nature, and part of March to completely subsided.

***

Prasnyshskaya operation ended with the Germans, taking Prasnysh, had a day or two to give it back, lost in all this above 6,000 prisoners and leaving 58 guns. Plans of the German command suffered a misfortune, he was unable to defeat the Russian armies, focuses on Mlavskom direction (the 1st and the 12th Russian armies), but on the contrary, had to withdraw its own troops in fortified positions to the state border.

Prasnyshskaya operation, of course, has had a significant impact on the entire course of the war in the Russian north-western front. After the withdrawal of the 10th Russian Army of East Prussia and the death of the 20th Arm. Housing in the August woods victory of Russian troops under Prasnyshem to some extent helped to strengthen the provisions of Russian armies on this front, and 2 March 10th, 12th and 1st Russian army began obshee coming to oust the Germans from the strip and the Beaver River Narew in East Prussia. If we remember that zeal Ludendorff during the 1915 campaign vernal hard to keep the front Vlotslavsk, Mlawa was the basic premise of his plan stunning surroundings Russian armies in Poland, the value Prasnyshskoy operation becomes — the more clear, because after the defeat at Prasnysha position of German troops on the designated band name could not be stronger. So Makarov, Russian troops in the success of this operation, together with other factors upset the German plan vernal campaign 1915

Assessing the acts of the parties, it is worth noting that the Russian troops fought bravely, tenaciously, despite the difficult conditions of supply only. Units operated in the criteria vernal thaw. Zaionchkovsky rightly notes that "… in the actions of the western group of Russian troops can point out one positive thing — it's more and more into the habit of personal vkorenenie chiefs meet to strike a counter-blow. Prasnyshskaya operation is positive then the prototype" {10}.

But the high command of the Russian troops badly to cope with their own problems. The main focus was on the left flank, while the decor is sought coming from the right. At the decision to attack the left wing commander of the 1st Russian army did not provide its own right wing, resulting in Prasnysh was captured by the enemy. Tribute to the interaction between the commanders of the 1st and the 12th Russian army was not, was not it, and between the 1st and the 2nd Siberian Corps: they supported the elbow connection between themselves that in this situation was not brought about a necessity. It should be emphasized also not a good exploration of the Russian. As a result of this strike on the enemy Prasnyshu was sudden. But particularly poorly organized intelligence at the approach of the 2nd and 1st Siberian Corps to Prasnyshu. Despite the fact that the composition of Russian troops was a lot of cavalry, both bodies were without cavalry reconnaissance.

The only bad thing was cooperated pursuit of the retreating enemy. Russian cavalry, usually dormant.

Incorrectly entered and commander of the 2nd Siberian Corps, who, after receiving instructions from the commander of the army of the pursuit of the enemy, and the coverage it from the north, sent around only one regiment, which in this situation was obviously not enough. The commander of the regiment, Colonel Cockroaches, so instead of deeper and faster to get around the retreating columns of the enemy, the whole day on February 27 waited in room Wolka (1 km north of Charzhaste), when the enemy was already knocked out of the Prasnysha and retreated than promoted detachment of German troops from the Russian parts.

As for the German forces, then there must be emphasized lacking control of the operation, especially in the dynamics of the fight. Of preempting the enemy, the Germans at the same time made Prasnyshskuyu operation with missing forces. Though well aware of the approach to Prasnyshu 1st and 2nd Siberian corps, they had hoped to forestall Russian, beating the right flank of the 1st Corps of Turkestan, but in their own calculations were wrong.

{1} Ludendorff, My memoirs of the war of 1914-1918., Vol I, p 98.
{2} There zhe, page 94.
{3
} Kolenkovsky. Winter operation in East Prussia in 1915, ed. 1927
{4} Reihsarchiv "Der Weltkrieg 1914-1918". Berlin, 1931, v. 7, s. 248.
{5} TSVIA, f. 2152, op. 2, file number 186, ll. 35-39.
{6} The war and the revolution of 1929, the 1st book, page 106.
{7} TSVIA, f. 2279, op. 1, file number 203, la. 227-228.
{8} TSVIA, f. 2279, op. 1. on number 203, ll. 257-258.
{9}, ibid. 258.
{10} Zaionchkovsky. Maneuver during the war of 1914-1915., Page 270.

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