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The first Russian aircraft: 100 years of the airplane Gakkel

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane GakkelJune 19, 1910 (on a brand new style) can be considered one of the days of the birth of Russian aviation — then 100 years ago, in the Russian skies for the first time rose airplane, which was completely designed and built in Russia.

The device, which bore the name "Gakkel-III», was constructed 34 years of hereditary engineer Yakov Gakkel Modestovich, teacher of the St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, one of the founders of the Moscow tram and builder of the first Russian band power — at the Lena goldfields.

Like many professional engineers, Hackel is not passed by then drag the prestigious aviation. In the spring of 1910 he built a workshop in the newest village near the commandant's airfield near St. Petersburg, where he began work on their airplanes.

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

First car Gakkel — "Gakkel-I» — dead, not rising into the air, once lit during the test motor. Second machine, "Hackel-II» could not take off due to poor design and was rebuilt in the "Gakkel-III», committed, ultimately, successful First flight. This long flights airplane not made because of an unreliable engine, but its own mark on the left of aviation.

However, after the first flight to the staff of the Russian construction disputes, another Russian aircraft — Doctor of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute engineer Kudashev, the flight are any notes in the press, "May 23 was held at the de minimis test flight altitude Dr. Polytechnic Institute Prince Kudasheva an airplane of its design."

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

But, unlike Gakkel, Kudashev official agencies had warned about flying and his success was not documented.

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

Yakov Gakkel continued to work on new aircraft: In 1910-12, he made a successful fly planes "Gakkel-IV», «Gakkel-V» (First in Russia plane-Amphibian) and "Gakkel-VI» after it failed to test improved and rebuilt under the symbol "Gakkel-VII». It was the only one of the aircraft presented at the "first military competition aircraft built in Russia" held by the War Department, which withstood all the conditions of a complex applets. Produced even by plane take off and land on plowed field.

[Center]The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

"Gakkel-VII» was the most successful aircraft of James Gakkel. In the course of the pilot programs from the competition Gleb Alekhnovich made September 23, 1911 5 times in a row flight Petersburg — Gatchina, breaking in the total of 200 km with an average speed of 92 km / h and 24 September — flight lasting three and a half hours in high winds. Plane Gakkel only one of all the aircraft completed program from the competition. But the main engineering management specifically, under this pretext considered invalid tender and YM Gakkel premium is not granted. The aircraft "Gakkel-VII» was purchased by the War Department for the 8 th.

The first domestic aircraft: one hundred years of the airplane Gakkel

Obedient to manage, with a very strong chassis, "Gakkel-VII", considered as a spice could be a good training aircraft. But Gatchina school instructors, who are used to the French "Farman" did not learn an unfamiliar car. Even the water from the radiator drain forgotten, and on the first chilly night of the radiator was broken ice. New motor was not, and plane surrendered to the scrap heap.

A happier fate was the second instance of "Gakkel-VII", first built in 1912 at the second international exhibition of aeronautics in Moscow (March 25 — April 8, 1912), he received a huge gold medal of the Metropolitan Society of ballooning. After the close of the exhibition Gleb Alekhnovich did it fly. In the course of the competition, held in May 1912, Gleb V. set to "Gakkel-VII» altitude record for biplanes — 1350 meters.

The lack of orders for aircraft serial construction led Gakkel retreat from the active construction of new machines, while designing new machines, he continued. In the coming Yakov Gakkel became known as the creator of the first Russian locomotive, built in Leningrad, August 5, 1924, and in his upcoming primary job was to transport. Dr. LIIZHT (the former Institute of Communications) Yakov Gakkel died in Leningrad, December 12, 1945.

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