All bus will come to us

Following the trend of recent years, 2011 was marked by this "great migration" of international corporations in Russia bus. All companies that already have their own production in the country, announced the expansion of capacity, others began to build factories or purchase assets. And only the fate of the holding company "Sibur — Russian Tyres" and was not solved in the past year.

Constantly expanding its presence in the Russian Finnish Nokian Tyres, which is one of the first foreign tire manufacturers (in 2005) started production in Russia. In 2011 at its plant in Vsevolozhsk company successfully commissioned several new lines, bringing the capacity to 11 million tires a year. In April, Nokian Tyres has also announced its intention to build a second plant (with a capacity of 5-6 million tires) next to the existing one. Production of tires at the new plant could begin in 2012.

The French Michelin also has a factory in Russia — in Davydov (Moscow region). In April 2011, the manufacturer has launched this site as a workshop for the production of reduced cargo capacity of 50 million tires a year. Toward the end of the year, the media reported that Michelin can build in Russia another plant. Romanian newspaper Ziarul Financiar citing company CEO Michel Rollier said that Michelin thought about investing in Eastern Europe, as options are considered, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia and Serbia.

Japanese Yokohama announced plans to build tire plant in Lipetsk region in the midst of crisis — in December 2008. In early 2010, the foundation of the future of the plant was laid the first stone. It was expected that the first products off the assembly line in 2011. In September 2011, President Yokohama Rus Zhunichi Okishima in an interview with RBC daily said that the building is basically completed, most of the equipment is installed and already running pilot production. However, the announcement of the official launch of the plant at the end of the year and has not followed. In October, it was reported that another Japanese tire manufacturer — Bridgestone is also considering building a plant in Russia.

The German company Continental in 2011 finally decided on the site for its own plant in Russia, and even already started its construction. Production of tires will be located in Kaluga, where Continental is already manufacturing auto components at the factory "Avtel" (ibid. concern is going to create another enterprise for the production of automotive components). Investment in the project will amount to 220 million euros, the start of production is scheduled for late 2013. Power on the first phase will be four million tires per year, and in the future may be significantly increased.

Its way to the Russian market has found Italian Pirelli. Instead, as competitors, to build its own plant (planned to be located in a special economic zone of Togliatti), the company, in partnership with the "Russian Technologies" has decided to buy out "Sibur" assets of the bankrupt holding company Amtel: Kirov Tyre Plant (the deal on it has already been closed ) and Voronezh Tyre Plant. Both partners in the asset will cost 222 million euros, and 200 million euros needed to modernize and increase capacity. As a result, the Italians expect in 2012 in Russia to produce 8.5 million tires, and in 2014 — 10.5 million tires.

Experts desire to foreign tire manufacturers to gain a foothold in the Russian market is not surprising. "The Russian car market — one of the largest in Europe (second only to Germany), and despite the crisis, growing faster than the European markets (for the first 11 months of 2011, sales increased by 41%)," — commented Raiffeisenbank analyst Konstantin Yuminov. All the major car manufacturers, encouraged by the regime of industrial assembly, come to Russia (two-thirds of cars sold in the Russian domestic production), says the expert, so the demand for tires in the country is growing steadily.

Not determined in 2011 only the fate of the Russian producer "Sibur — Russian Tyres". "Sibur" meant the end of this year to sell non-core assets, but this has not happened (now the sale is scheduled for January 2012). According to unofficial data, the new owners of "Sibur-RSH" can become the leaders of the tire holding headed by general director Vadim Gurinova.

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