Beam Research Complex (PIC) near St. Petersburg is ready for physical start.

Beam Research Complex (PIC) near St. Petersburg is ready for physical start.
 Photo source:nkj.ru

Physical start-up high-flux beam reactor PIK in the St. Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Physics (PINP) them. BP Konstantinov produce immediately after PIYaF officially enter the Research Center "Kurchatov Institute". The center will include two institutes of the structure of Rosatom — Institute of High Energy Physics and the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, as well as one of the institutes of Russian Academy of Sciences — Institute of Nuclear Physics.
According to the Director of Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" Mikhail Kovalchuk, after going to the jurisdiction of the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute Center (according to the document — a two-month period in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation), will address the issue of the physical start of the PIK reactor.

Construction of the PIK reactor in Gatchina began in 1976, but this project, like many other nuclear projects around the world have been frozen because of the Chernobyl disaster. By 1986, the buildings were constructed, over much of the installation work has begun setting up of separate systems. However, after the Chernobyl disaster in the Soviet Union were revised safety requirements for nuclear reactors, and the project had to alter PIK. The cost of the reactor is estimated at 30 billion rubles in 2011 for these purposes 2,000,000,000 rubles.

Neutron radiation — is a versatile tool for research in physics, chemistry, biology, geology, materials science, medicine, technology, production of semiconductor materials industry. It can be used to study the fundamental properties of the neutron itself and its interaction with the nuclei of atoms and matter, and, in addition, be used for neutron therapy or as a method of process control.

While the concept of the PIK reactor was developed back in the 1960s, it still fits into the current trends of reactor. As pointed out in the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, the primary circuit of the reactor and is cooled by a "light" water and heavy water reactor core reflector, first used in the project PIK reactor is protected by copyright certificate in 1976 and today is recognized as the most efficient and technologically. Almost all current projects (ORRNEE in France, FRM II in Germany, ARR in Australia, the United States ANS) is of the type.

The experimental capabilities of the PIK reactor are determined not only by the high intensity of the neutron beam, which is about an order of magnitude higher than the currently operating reactors, average power, but also the presence of sources of hot, cold and ultracold neutrons.

The research program at the PIK reactor must wear all-Russian character with the possibility of participation of foreign scientists. In this case, it is understood that "the formation and development of the program will be carried out under the auspices of the Russian Interdepartmental Coordinating Council, to be composed of eminent scientists from different departments, representing a wide range of scientific fields."

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