Why do I need to do cardiac profile?
Cardiac profile allows you to detect early and hidden lesions of the cardiovascular system, the risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and heart failure, to assess the likelihood of myocardial infarction.
What are the indications for cardiology?
- ischemic heart disease;
- high blood pressure;
- arrhythmia heart rate — tachycardia, arrhythmia;
- stroke, heart attack.
What do the indicators of cardiology?
Lipid profile (Lipidogram) is required for the diagnosis of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.
Coagulation define an increase in blood viscosity, which indicates an increased risk of developing complications of hypertension and ischemic heart disease — heart attacks and strokes.
AST (AST, aspartate aminotransferase) — an intracellular enzyme involved in the metabolism of amino acids in the liver, muscle, heart and other organs. In myocardial infarction in serum AST activity may increase significantly before the appearance of the typical signs of a heart attack on ECG.
The normal values of AST:
- Women — up to 31 U / L
- Men — up to 37 U / l.
Creatine (Creatine phosphokinase, KK, CK) — an enzyme that is a catalyst — the accelerator speed transformation of ATP.
CK-MB contains in the cardiac muscle cells. If the damage of myocardial cells increased activity of CK-MB is detected within 4 hours after a heart attack.
The normal value of CK-MB:
- Women — <145 U / L
- Men — <171 U / L
LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase)— Zinc-containing enzyme which is involved in the final stages of the conversion of glucose found in almost all organs and tissues of humans. Maximum enzyme activity is observed in the cardiac muscle cells, liver and kidneys. In acute myocardial infarction after
The normal values of LDH <247 U / L
What kind of training is needed to study?
One day prior to blood sampling is necessary to exclude alcohol intake, for 1 hour — smoking. Blood collection is desirable to produce an empty stomach in the morning. Between the last meal and taking a blood sample should be at least 12 hours. Juice, tea, coffee is not allowed. You can drink the water. Necessary to eliminate the increased psycho — emotional and physical stress.
What are the dates of performance analysis?