Fertility in Moscow for the first time in 23 years, exceeded death

This was announced by the mayor of Moscow, Sergei Sobyanin, summing up the census. Also in the capital this year to 20% reduction in the influx of migrants. Experts agree that the year for Moscow was demographically successful, however, say the turnaround is not in a hurry.


 Photo source:blogangela.ru

According to Sobyanin, speaking on December 27 at the final session of city government in 2011, was born in Moscow, more than 121 thousand children (data as of December 22). Natural increase, according to the mayor, was 12.5 thousand people. "At the same migration gain in this year decreased by 20% compared to the previous year", — said the mayor.

The authorities claim that the birth rate in the city has increased not at the expense of workers, as many critics. Deputy Mayor Andrei Sharonov said that we are talking about the Muscovites. However, in general, according to the 2010 census, the city population has increased at the expense of newcomers.

— In the capital, home to 11.5 million people — that’s 8.1% of the total population of Russia — said Sharon, presenting census data for Moscow. — The population has grown by 1 million 121 thousand people (compared to 2002). Moscow has actually become the largest city in Europe.

Deputy Mayor said that today women in the city’s 800 thousand more than men. Thus in 2002 the weaker sex strong exceeded only by 300 thousand people. ? However, this was more in the elderly. If earlier the average age was 39.3 years old Muscovite, now it has risen to 40.7 years. Working-age population is increasing again due to migrants.

This year, in fact, was the "peak" in the birth rate, said general director of the Institute of Regional Problems Dmitry Zhuravlev. But this, according to experts, there is a logical explanation. "The Soviet peak fertility was recorded in the period from 1985 to 1990 — he explained. — Children of the period began to have children. In subsequent years, the birth rate should be reduced. "

The aging of the citizens, according to Zhuravlev, due to the economic stability in the city. The dominance of women over men expert also called normal.
"Boys are always born than girls, — he explained. — But more boys die. There is a concept sverhsmertnost. This is the mortality that rational reasons not explained. So, excessive mortality in recent years, mostly in men 25 to 45 years. "

On why the number of migrants in Moscow has seriously declined, said the representative of the Community Advisory Council of the Federal Migration Service of Russia for Moscow Yuri Moscow. In recent years has become much better to work quota system, so the foreign national is quite hard to get a job if he did not get into the quota system — said Moscow. As a result, many foreigners, according to an expert, just received Russian citizenship. At the same time Moscow noted that the trend of outflow of foreigners from Russia observed the first year. 

— For example, obviously the return of Azerbaijani citizens to their homeland due to the economic situation — said Moscow. — Some of the citizens of Ukraine started to go to work in Europe. From Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan travel to Kazakhstan. That is, migration flows are forwarded.

According to the latest FMS in the capital today are 350 million registered foreigners. 

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