How do you want the children to read! To computers and televisions are not overshadowed by them and worn bindings favorite books even from our childhood, and the new, still smelling fresh ink … the child can analyze, think and sometimes cry over a book …
How can bring this reader?
The new generation chooses
When my youngest daughter turned one, a birthday, we decided to tell fortunes of her fate. Spread out on the couch a few items that symbolized the priorities in life. The diskette mean computer literacy, the doll was an image of motherhood, hoops symbolized needlework, book — A love of reading and science, comb — coquetry, a brush — artistic creation, the dollar piece of paper, of course, financial security. Dasha briskly walked over to this abundance, grabbed a book and went to the corner — "read". With some difficulty, pulled the girl out of the corner to choose next. After much doubt about the child took a brush, and then — the embroidery frame. In general, the figure of the noble women — education, arts, crafts.
"Dashunya can take the coin?" — Asked the mother with the secret hope of a comfortable old age. But she was firm and from further "gifts" of the fate refused. "Oh, wow, — said my friend — so small, but as books stretches."
And added with a sigh. — And my mug in twelve years, nothing except the PC and the TV does not want to see. Reads only on the school curriculum, no more books does not want to see, even the extra line will read, if not asked. And how to make it read, can not imagine …
Of course, our divination was joking, but for today's children reading problem is quite serious. Psychologists, parents and teachers are sounding the alarm: children and teenagers do not want to read! Meanwhile, the love of books is instilled from the very early childhood, and at the age of one and a half years, the child may well be a real reader, until, of course, with your help. So, how to make friends with a baby book? What and how read the smallest, how to help the crumbs love the wonderful world of books?
When to start?
Start dating crumbs with a treasure trove of world literature can be even before birth. After all, now it is no secret that the twentieth week of fetal life, the infant is able to hear. Usually, however, the parents prefer to listen to your favorite music with your baby than to read aloud. But the child in the womb is required to listen to human speech — and live, addressed to him, and literary texts.
When I was pregnant with eldest daughter, my husband and I pretty much read aloud Pushkin. Read and then — just when she was born. And it is curious that a familiar verse girl calmed down quickly, and in five years, easily learned very long tale of Tsar Saltan. Sometimes it seemed that she remembers friend text. It is likely that the way it was.
Also our youngest daughter, being in my mother's belly, heard so many different nursery rhymes, fairy tales and songs, which we read and sang to her sister that there is even difficult to determine her preference.
Since about half a year, and you can attach the baby to these books. Carefully watch the reaction of the kid: if the book is clearly not his interest, it is better to wait a bit. Baby a few months old is unlikely to really be interested in the latest in children's literature. So do not rush.
Typically, books are beginning to attract karapuzov, barely centenarians annual milestone.
How to read the smallest?
It would seem a strange question — take it and read it. However, there are some secrets and peculiarities. It is better if at first you most, ironically, generally do without reading, because even in simple texts for the kid a lot of unfamiliar words.
Sometimes parents complain that the child, they say, does not want to listen when he read the book, impatient leafing through page after page, if at all escapes. Do not blame the kid for carelessness and do not make it by all means listen to your reading. Instead, imagine that you read the text in a foreign language that you understand, at best, a quarter. Well, if a set of unfamiliar words you can at least feel some rhythm. How long will it be enough for your patience?
So do not try to read the text of an unknown baby, even short and poetic! Your first comment must be something like this: "Look, it's a dog. And this horse. What's this? This bird ", etc.
Gradually comment may expand. First — who is depicted in the picture, then — what it does, then — what is it, where, with whom, etc. That's what built our speech because words are joined in the proposal. When the basic concepts of "who" and "what to do?" Will be internalized by actively using prepositions — over, under, below, above, on the left, right, etc. All of this will help your child easier to navigate in space — both in the real and in the portrayed — and expand his vocabulary.
Gradually, from the comments, you can continue to the "real" text: quatrain or short (two to three sentences) captions under the pictures. Good in this respect tales V. Suteeva (you can start, for example, "Three black kittens" or "Chicken and Duckling"), the English poems and songs in translation by S. Marshak, "Chicken" Chukovsky, the immortal "Toys" A. Barto.
Well, if you can "gay colors" dance moves text or simple finger gymnastics. For example, "Forty-forty", "Dap-poskoku", "Aty-Baty," etc. We have a "hit of the season" was the following work:
- I'm playing on a violin — Styles-Is, Styles, whether (the kid is holding an imaginary violin and "plays" on it)
- Bunny dancing on the lawn — if yes, boiled under reflux-li ("dancing", turns the raised handles).
- And then on the drum — bam-bam-bam, bam-bam-bam (the child bangs his palms on any surface)
- In fear hare ran through the bushes! (Hides her face in the palms).
And, maybe, you and come up with some dance moves?
Try to read expressively, even the hundredth time. Take time to let your voice be clear and at the same time melodic, with bright intonation. For a kid that's very important, because it is much easier and more pleasant to take the book world is not as monotonous murmuring, and through the colorful lives of the various characters.
And most importantly — your emotional state. Together with your child wonder and marvel at the huge giraffe fluffy pussy. Try to see it all for the first time, through the eyes of a baby. But in order to make the pictures aroused your sincere admiration (and the other way — because children are thin feel false), the book should be of very good quality. And here we come to the difficult problem of selection of children's books. It would seem that at this time of the shops are literally inundated with a variety of book production — just buy it. But be careful!
What to read to kids?
Try to choose books with a quality binding and hard cardboard pages, preferably laminated, because crumb will want to try this beauty on the tooth.
For the little ones will suit the book of plastic and fabric, you can even bathe, not something to chew … especially for corrosive readers. Well, if the young bibliophile acquainted with different textures: now began to produce books that are glued to pieces of cloth, fur, oilcloth. Be sure to spend fingers crumbs on different surfaces, it will help to secure the visual images with tactile sensations.
Illustrations preferably sufficiently large, bright, but without many of the small details, and, of course, recognized. If you are in doubt about who is in the picture — whether the hare, or pussy, and, perhaps, a mouse, a book should not show the child. Well, if you manage to find a book with a picture of everyday things that the kid sees around him
. The fact that precisely the age, the half-crumb learns to correlate the image with the actual object. What picture will be closer to reality, the easier and more will be the process. Agree, it is difficult to correlate a real house cat that purrs, walks on four legs and rubs his head on the feet mistress, a beast unknown to science in a sundress and headdress. Whatever you may seem endearing and sweet these pictures, leave them for later.
I recommend the series "My first book", published by "Rosman." The series includes the book "Words", "I'm learning", "Engineering", "It's me", "Animals", "Seasons", "letters", "Numbers". This is a book of small size (and hence, it is convenient to take with you on a trip to a clinic or a walk) with smooth cardboard pages. Each page — a few thematically selected photos and captions.
If these are other books are not available for some reason, you can make them yourself (I did these "benefits" for the elder daughter, when it was still on sale few similar materials). To get started please be old magazines, books, postcards, catalogs cars, clothing and furniture. Cut out pictures of them and arrange a suitable thematic folders, for example, interior, people, animals, nature, seasons, etc. These pictures can be glued into albums for drawing or use the photo albums. In each pocket photo album insert card from white cardboard 10×15 cm on both sides can now be inserted into the transparent pocket pictures and change them at will. It's even easier than pasting them into a great album. Pictures can be signed, but you can not do this, and — as you like.
In addition to the bright illustrations and durable binding, in the books there and content. But it is, alas, often leaves much to be desired. Leafing through a book store, read a few lines open accidentally. Sometimes in children's texts there are such gems which do not introduce the baby to the literature.
For example, I once caught the eye of these verses:
- Goat went to the garden for cabbage leaves,
- Cabbage goat chews, and the mood sad.
- Probably not easy given the goat milk.
- Why evil dog walks, tail wagging?
- Or tail so trained, or poorly, he bolted.
Impressive, is not it? As they say, no comment …
By the way, sometimes books come to our house in the form of gifts. And donors do not always have the opportunity to study in detail the store children's literature: often on the run grabs first got the bright knizhentsiya, which then is awarded chubby little boy. In this case, try before you printed matter falling into the hands of your offspring, even cursory view it. Sometimes the pictures in the book are not bad, but the content leaves much to be desired. In this case, it is better to do without reading at all, limiting their comments to the pictures. By the way, it's nice, if comments you type on the computer, print out and glue the bottom of the page. After all, children are very jealous of the exact reproduction of the text. Having started to say, they are bound to have correct if you deviate even slightly from its own original. So it is better to perpetuate the comments.
Choosing a book for the baby, then follow the classic children's works. Suit simple folk tales: "Turnip", "Gingerbread Man", "The Mansion", "Speckled Hen", "Masha and the Bear," "cat, rooster and a fox", "Zayushkina hut." Perhaps in a fit of nostalgia, you might want to re-read the "mustache-striped" or "The House That Jack Built" by S. Marshak or poems and tales Chukovsky ("Phone", "Miracle Tree", "Moidodyr", "sandwich" "Elephant reads"), etc.
Favorite books are read to tatters. It is possible that the child "sink down" on one or two books and will require them to read fifteen times a day. Humble. In order to live, to feel this or that subject, children need to hear it more than once or twice.
A great way to consolidate and to see anew the familiar story — to show her in a home puppet theater. For example, we had such a tradition that the whole family is going on Sundays in a makeshift auditorium, and each in turn shows the rest of some fairy tale.
Exams are canceled!
Of course, you will want to check that the baby has learned from your explanation, if he remembered where the notorious pussy distinguish whether it is her now from the cow.
For the most part this is for the so-called training literature: books designed specifically for learning colors, shapes, sizes, opposites, etc.
And every mom wants to show off sometimes before relatives and friends of his extraordinary erudition crumbs (especially when it comes to the first-born). However, do not abuse the role of a strict examiner! It is possible that the child is not configured to respond to you, even though he knows that he is required. Now the most important thing for him — to absorb the maximum amount of information about the world, and to process and analyze it, it will be then, when the time comes.
In general, try not to overload the crumbs of didactic literature. He is now studying to feel, to take the image as a whole rather than its individual parts. So if you accidentally mentions that he die, which now stretches baby, yellow, he will remember this fact rather than if you're purposefully to "read" the book with him about a variety of colors.
Instead of "exams" try your best to discuss and recite together just read the text. Restatement of the principle of construction — exactly the same as commenting pictures. First, "Who is there?" This designation, the very first speech synthesis. Then, "what does?" If the baby is not well said, do not be afraid to once again repeat the answer for him. Soon, perhaps, he will repeat your answer to his "inoplanetyanskom" language or show a finger. And then, and another — a real part in the conversation!
The authority of the book has to be supported in the role-playing games, which is beginning to develop a pipsqueak. Let he "respects" his favorite book dolls, teddy bear or bunny. And, maybe, in the role of a sympathetic ear will make returning to work dad? Please note, sometimes in "reading" the baby can hear the obvious poetic rhythm and flashing out familiar words. This means that the crumb feels the rhythm of speech and trying to reproduce it. The desire to "read for fun" should fully support the child, this is a very important point.
Often the baby as many agree listen to familiar stories from the pictures, but refuses to meet new books. It's very simple: the children — the world's greatest conservatives, and they love what they are familiar. So, we need to help enter the new text in your daily life. Pre-learn some new poems to which you are going to attach the baby, and read them by heart while bathing, eating, walking, etc. If memorizing the verses time is short, one can print small text on the printer (or even write them by hand) and hang the texts of the apartment. Then you can read without looking up from household chores. After this training the child will be much easier to accept the text in the book.
You can pre-pencil mark the most important moments in the text and start reading with them, simultaneously explaining and commenting on the story for the picture. Show off baby's finger what you want to draw his attention. Gradually, the amount of text will be expanded, and the child will be able to perceive it with interest. If you are a first or even the fifth time you get to the end — do not worry, one day it will happen anyway!
And, of course, the best way to introduce the
kid with the new text — this is a game. Featuring crumbs new toy, read a poem about her brief little. You can arrange and simple staging, which may participate as toys and himself baby. For example, he was happy to portray the rocker steer ready about to fall off the wobbly board. Or pity, "cure" a bear with a torn paw. Or show how plush cat does not fit in the toy truck and turned it over. Such a "theatrical performance" will fidget on their own experience to understand the meaning of the poem.
Gradually, the young reader will begin to participate in the process. Try, for example, reading a familiar poem, at the end of the line before the last word pause. It is likely he will end crumb line. You can start with the most simple, onomatopoeic poetry. For example, such:
- Our ducks in the morning — quack, quack, quack,
- Our geese by the pond — HA, HA, HA,
- Our turkey in the yard — BAL BAL YES.
- Our gulenki top — GRU-EN-RU.
- Our chickens in the window — KO-KO-KO.
- And as Peter-cock very early in the morning
- We will sing KU-a-doodle-KU!
Books and …?
To be attached to the baby world of books is very important general atmosphere of the house. If a child sees that the mother does not read anything but the fashion magazines or a collection of recipes, and my father all my free time sitting in front of the television or playing computer games, it is hard to imagine that the crumbs will want to pick up a book. And even more to become a confirmed bibliophile. So begin, as usual, with myself …
Is it possible to combine the reading with something else?
At the time when you are going to read a baby book, turn off the tape recorder and the TV, so they do not distract the child from the reading process. An exception may be perhaps that quietly classical music, specially chosen in advance by the plot of the book.
But the film strips, on the contrary, will help to interest the restless reader. For some reason, they enjoy the same success in even the most sophisticated technology in the modern kids. There is, however, one problem: slide projectors are now a rarity. But if you had inherited this "magic lantern", be sure to use it for other purposes.
The atmosphere of the mysterious cooking, white screen and a magical beam overhead projector set up on the kid something unusual and exciting. Frames in filmstrip change more quickly than pages in a book, so the visuals, reinforcing literary text is a more vibrant and saturated. In contrast to these cartoons, frame filmstrip can be regarded as anything, by adjusting the speed of the show. It is possible that a pipsqueak, and he soon wants to comment on the "cartoon on the wall." Be sure to let him try to do it.
Be patient and attentive, and the first steps in the vast world of fiction will make your baby easy and fun. And, believe me, your current efforts will pay off handsomely later.
According to the magazine "Aistenok"