How to make more effective geo-engineering? It is interesting
Geo-engineering inventions are meant to prevent global warming by reflecting the excess energy of the sun back into the atmosphere. Scientists usually rely on such innovative techniques as spraying aerosols in the Earth's stratosphere, or to create artificial clouds at low altitudes.
Opponents of geoengineering are confident that such an intervention will never have the same effect on different parts of our planet. Moreover, it can lead to unpredictable consequences, so potential targets are not worth such a global risk.
To prove that geoengineering is safe and will have the desired effect, researchers from the Harvard School of Engineering and the Harvard Kennedy School began its study on how geo-engineering solutions may be useful in solving local problems, for example, to prevent the loss of ice in the Arctic.
As it turned out, the specialized technology geinzhenernye with proper and accurate application can avoid a global impact and affect only the specified location. To slow the melting ice will need artificial shadow area is several times smaller than that for the whole planet. This exercise is much easier and faster.
Such specific and dosage technology can be used in the fight against greenhouse gases. It is known that such gases inhibit precipitation. And if you limit the amount of sunlight reaching the ground, the balance of precipitation to maintain or even fail. Moreover, that in every continent volumes of harmful gases and aerosols are quite different. In such a situation it is necessary to control the amount of sunlight falling from space color not only regionally, but also according to the seasons, scientists say.
It is such a specialized use of geo-engineering may eventually start to raise the effectiveness of the methods themselves, reducing the influence of climatic factors on the technology job at risk. But even using geoinzhenirnye development locally, no scientist can not fully predict the possible negative or unintended consequences of the introduction to the current state of the planet's climate.