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 On Friday, the commander of consultant Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General Viktor Esin reported that Russia began development work on the development of a new heavy liquid intercontinental ballistic missile.

 "Development work started, tactical and technical requirements for the development of a new heavy ICBM approved last year", — said Esin "Interfax".

According to him, the role of the head developer of the new missile is the State Center (SRC) Makeyev (Miass), is also involved in the development of Reutov "NGOs engineering." These two companies are the first level of cooperation.

"In the role of the manufacturer missiles acts Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant" — said Esin.

"The new missile will have up to ten false blocks, as opposed to solid-fuel ICBM land" yars ", where there are four or six" — quoted Esin RIA "Novosti".

He noted that the increase in the number of false blocks missile defense system will disorient the enemy. "It will be possible to perform the maneuver, where we did not expect," — said the official.

"The new ICBM will carry a payload four times greater than that of the rocket" yars ". In 45-ton "Yarsa" it is 1.2 tons. Created by the rocket will put into orbit a useful weight weighing 5 tons "- also said Esin. Payload — the number of warheads and decoys set, passive and active interference.

According to him, the new missile will have a much greater ability to overcome missile defense created by the Americans.

The expert noted that the 100-ton rocket, there are downsides.

"Chief among them is the presence of" aggressive "components within it," — said Esin.

Recall that in December last year, the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, Lieutenant General Sergei Karakayev announced that Russian scientists will develop by 2018 a new missile silo-based liquid engine, which should replace the heavy ballistic missile R-36M2 "Governor", known in the West as "Satan."

"We have already decided to create a new silo-based missile system with a liquid heavy missile that will have increased opportunities to address the prospective U.S. missile defense system," — he said.

Earlier Karakayev stated that the deployment of American space echelon attack missile defenses are not eliminated, as in the United States in this direction are conducted intensively research and development work. Potential of Russian small solid-fuel ICBMs to overcome this defense may not be enough, says the general.

In his view, this situation is preferable to deploy a new liquid ICBM with a launch weight of 100 tons, which has significantly better compared with the same solid-fuel rocket quality at such an important characteristic as a payload launch mass.

Such ICBMs can be deployed only in silos.

Prior to that, all of the latest Russian developments intercontinental ballistic missiles — a sea-based ("Mace") and land ("Topol-M", "yars") — were solid fuel.

Earlier it was reported that the new missiles will be placed in the same mines that are now in the RS-20 "Governor". At the same time provides them a deep modernization, under which they are to be a technological fix, as well as a new level of fortification protection with the creation of the elements of passive and active site-missile defense. This will at times increase the survivability of missile silos against a common enemy with precision weapons and nuclear.

It was also reported that the new missile, according to some, is held under the symbol "Breakthrough" or "imminent." But on Friday, Colonel-General Esin denied the report, but did not specify the name of development.

According to Viktor Esin, it can throw up to 15 medium or heavy up to 10 nuclear warheads at a distance of over 10,000 kilometers. The main emphasis is placed when it is created to overcome the prospective missile defense systems.

The new missile will replace the world-renowned 200-ton ballistic missile R-36M2 "Governor", referred to in the West, "Satan", with a payload of up to 10 tons. "Governor" is the basis of our land component of the strategic nuclear deterrent. At constant combat duty 58 such missiles with 580 deployed nuclear warheads on them — one-third of all allowed us the latest Russian-American START treaty of nuclear warheads.

However, the service life of these missiles is gradually coming to an end and has been extended several times. After 2020, they must be removed from service. With the latest strategic complexes "Topol-M" and the RS-24 "Yars" balance with the Americans in 1550 deployed nuclear warheads on the carriers will not be able to reach Moscow. On the "Topol-M" is one nuclear unit to the RS-24 — three. The pace of new missiles do not exceed 10-15 per year.

Earlier Karakayev noted that it is possible to deploy American space echelon attack missile defenses. According to him, the United States maintained an active research in this area, and the potential of Russian small solid-fuel ICBMs to overcome this defense may not be enough.

  • In place Voevode ...

According to Colonel-General Esin in an interview with LOOK, "those who create the missile and the military believe that this is an adequate response to the U.S. missile defense system." "We do not want an arms race. A limited number of warheads, according to the START treaty. In this framework, efforts are going, "- he said.

"They have chosen their own line and do not pay attention to the actions of Russia, so it will not be an additional push. They carry out their program. Not to say that perform well, they have a lot of problems. Nevertheless, they do not know the characteristics and capabilities of our rocket. Therefore, they are unlikely to be able to adjust something in the program ", — said Esin.

He said that after removing the "Governors" alerting the new missile will be the most ponderous of those that remain. "That is enough. Do not be 211 tons, as in "Governor". Who developed other technologies that allow for less weight to achieve a greater effect. "

"The" Governors "has an old set to overcome missile defense, not so perfect. There are mainly passive means of interference, and the new missile — active, radioizluchateli blind head pointing. The same system is used on the newest complexes — "yars", "Bulava" — continued Esin, expressed his confidence that an effective means to deal with such systems do not yet exist.

"Liquid rocket is used to display a large payload on a trajectory that will bring back a robust set of decoys, which make it difficult to select targets — the true block — and thus ensure their breakthrough" — drew the attention of the general.

"Rocket middleweight Russia needs — said the newspaper VIEW chief editor of the" Arms Export "Andrey Frolov. — Lightly "Topol" and "Yarsami" fully all the demand is not close to the same in liquid rocket with a large throw-weight would be provision for upgrading and equipping it more difficult maneuvering warheads to overcome missile defense systems, etc. "

"We have t
raditionally been lagging behind the Americans in solid fuels, and by reference to the current situation is not the fact that the situation in the chemical industry has become better. In contrast, the Soviet Union and Russia have always been strong in the liquid engines, "- he said.

The expert pointed out that the solid-fuel missiles harder to extend the operating life. "If in liquid rockets, we can drain the fuel tanks to disinfect, pour new fuel, then the solid-fuel missiles if they cracked fuel rocket has to write off."

"Solomon (general designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology, developed the" Bulava "missile developer" Topol-M "Yuri Solomonov — approx. LOOK) believes that the development of high performance liquid ICBM — a waste of money and generally sabotage. Why, from his point of view, to make a new heavy missile, under which it will be necessary to deploy new production. Formally speaking, the solid-fuel rocket is more convenient to use, and it quickly picks up speed. Liquid due to larger engines may have a greater throw-weight ", — the expert added.

According to the vice-president of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems Vladimir Anokhin, the new missile will be an effective means of overcoming the missile defense system. "Any breakthrough in rocket technology creates a lot of headaches — he told the newspaper VIEW. — Two bombs on Japan to decide the fate of this country. If potentially one, two, four rockets reached the United States, in their psychology there will panic. We have a huge intellectual capacity. But with his hands, which will create — the question. Dispersed by vocational schools, there is no continuity in the industry, the defense industry rests on the elderly. Politically and diplomatically, it looks very nice, but in the process I see a gap. "

 And finally, that was not sad)))

 

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