Which produces amber jewelry
In ancient times a small amber jewelry worth more than the young slave, because the delivery of stone to Rome along the Amber path was difficult and dangerous. Up until modern times amber was mined by hand — in places where the deposits of "sun stone" comes to the surface. It was only in 1781, on the Baltic coast near the village of Palmniken (now Amber) was laid the first mine of amber extraction industrially. Its depth was about 30 meters — the height of a ten-modern home. Later became amber mine open pit quarries.
Half a million spiders
After the Great Patriotic War of Königsberg region (East Prussia) went to the Soviet Union and was renamed Kaliningrad region. In 1947, on the basis of the deposit was created Palmnikenskogo
In the late 50’s. Kaliningrad amber began to extract hydro way: the top layer of rocks that do not contain anything of value, bilge pump, and the lower the pipeline went to the factory.
Over time, the old field Palmnikenskoe fail. In 1972, work began on the sand beach nearby area. Its development was saved from total collapse plant, because here the cost of production was much lower. In an average year is unloaded 500-600 tons of stone. Work on the sand beach area stopped only December 14, 2003
Since its start, the Kaliningrad Amber Factory not only was shipping raw amber, but also produced jewelry. In 1976, the mill has opened a new jewelry factory, which occupied 10 thousand square meters. m — is 2.5 times greater than the area of St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg. For 30 years, until the collapse of the Union at the plant produced up to 2 million of jewelery and fancy goods a year. Of particular prominence acquired brooch "Spider": for half a century they were released more than a million.
The war on smugglers
But in the early 1990s, a period of prosperity ended. The company entered a period of protracted crisis. In 1993, an attempt was made criminal privatization of the plant, but the court found it invalid. However, over the last decade XXveka ruled the ball smugglers. Amber was taken out from the plant with false documents, employees were intimidated, and guard service cooperated with the criminals. An illegal Russian raw amber was formed market of Poland and Lithuania. Kaliningrad own jewelry manufacturing plant was destroyed.
Falling incomes and lack of investment have put the company on the brink of bankruptcy. In 2003, the Arbitration Court decided to impose external control plant. Just because the federal government failed to stop the mayhem is going on here. It was necessary to solve several problems, the most important of which — the neutralization of crime and modernization of production.
A new security system was created virtually from scratch, hired new people on the perimeter of the plant built a fence, imposed additional posts and installed a surveillance camera. Smugglers have made a step back. They used the "tame" people in law enforcement that have plagued the Kaliningrad factory countless inspections and audits. From 2003 to 2006, these raids were not less than sixty.
New shine otchischennogo amber
Only after the federal government took control of the combine in his hands, unable to pay its multimillion-dollar debt, increase staff salaries and recreate a jewelry shop. In 2003 in Kaliningrad, produced 188 tons of amber in the amount of 206.2 million rubles., Nearly one and a half times more than the year before, in 2004, the plant has already unloaded 312 tons of stone. Subsequently, the annual production held near the level of 300 m, which is about the weight of the airplane, "Boeing-747" with cargo and passengers on board.
In 2012, the Kaliningrad Amber Factory celebrated its 65th anniversary. He is now ranked first in the world in the production of amber up to 90% of the global amount of "sun stone" made by forces of 500 workers at the plant. Also in Kaliningrad are developing fields of emerald and beryllium. The head of the Audit Chamber Sergei Stepashin said that the plant will return to the list of strategic enterprises of Russia.
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