Positive and negative in the life of the Russian early warning system

The first of June of this year, Russian troops Aerospace Defense will mark the first "anniversary" — they turn six months. Till date, there are only two weeks, and no it is clear what will be a "gift" for "Birthday." By the end of May will be commissioned brand new radar station System missile warning (EWS). Placed it next to the city Usole Siberian Irkutsk region. Brand new station "Voronezh-VP" refers to a class of radar stations of the highest operational readiness. Apart from other things, this means that the installation and debugging of equipment now takes less time than in the case of past projects early warning stations.

Positive and negative in the life of the Russian early warning system

Positive and negative in the life of the Russian early warning system

Positive and negative in the life of the Russian early warning system
Meter radar antenna elements 77YA6 "Voronezh-M" in p.Lehtusi, to 4524, 08.08.2009 (photo from archive RussianArms.Ru, http://fotki.yandex.ru, the first photo — http:// www.mil.ru, http://military.tomsk.ru).

"Voronezh-VP" in the Irkutsk region is the fourth station of the family "Voronezh". Recall that in the Leningrad region for 6 years running station "Voronezh-M", and in Armavir and in the Kaliningrad region are preparing to take the project to build the station "Voronezh-DM". In addition, in the plans of Russian military administration building another 2-stations, such as the one that is under-Siberian Usole. According to reports, the first of them will be built in the Republic of Komi and change the old radar "DTV", and the second will earn near Murmansk, where will replace the station of the "Dniester".

As is evident from the objectives of the Ministry of Defense to plan the construction of new stations, they will be called upon to take over all the duties radar missile warning, built in the days of Russian Union. Now as the time of this substitution is seen in 2020. It should be said about the reasons for the choice as a substitute for specific stations to an old project "Voronezh". These radar initially designed on a modular system. This makes it possible in the shortest time to change the structure of the equipment and, as a consequence, adjust the properties of the plant depending on the conditions. Also, all electrical systems are divided into 23 main blocks. This nuance "Voronezh" can be considered the breakthrough radar stations — in the radar "Dnepr" was equated with the number of blocks 180, while the "Daria" this parameter exceeds four thousand. It is easy to imagine how many times re-take "Voronezh" modern devices. For a similar concept implemented and the antenna station. As required radar project "Voronezh" You can not even bear to new place. Past the station did not have such abilities and built exclusively absolutely stationary version.

Modular system Electronics Project "Voronezh" is permitted designers of Radio Engineering Institute. Academician Mints and NPK NIIDAR done on the basis of a single three main varieties of radar:
— "Voronezh-M". Is the first version, operating in the VHF spectrum. Built the only station in the Leningrad region;
— "Voronezh-DM". Radar warning system, working in the UHF spectrum. This innovation allowed the tangible increment detection accuracy without compromising other characteristics. For this option "Voronezh" include stations and Armavir (Krasnodar territory) and Pioneer (Kaliningrad area);
— "Voronezh-VP." Refreshed version of "DM". Font in the title means "high potential." Distinct features of this update are not disclosed, but the available data it can be concluded about a certain increase in the range acts detection accuracy and low power consumption. Headache station project in the Irkutsk region will soon be put into operation and new radar warning will be like her.

Construction of new radars for missile defense good for the country, for two reasons. In 1-x, new stations have far greater potential (especially given the architecture of "Voronezh"). In-2-x, they are all located on the territory of Russia, and for obvious reasons, are more profitable than the Gabala station or Balkhash. It is clear that the station under Usole-Siberian will have the antenna field consisting of 6 sectors instead of the standard 3. This will allow a radar overlay two sectors. Two-sector will continue and Armavir radar. The diagram shows that at a certain mutual antenna location near Irkutsk and Armavir can completely shut most of the area, view of Gabala and Balkhash stations. In the future, this will allow them to withdraw from service and do not waste money on rent and logistics issues. However, the need to see some part of the "petals" review of foreign radar remains exposed. Perhaps the military has reasonable grounds to pursue a claim to the transfer of missile early warning radar station in the area of their own country. Maybe at RTI them. Mintz already know how to increment the range review "Voronezh".

But the layout of the stations and their sectors of the review that radar missile warning can not look too far for all the areas where it can be carried out starting. From the very beginning of creation, Russian missile defense system in addition to ground-based radar stations planned to be operational grouping gallakticheskih devices similar purpose. In the current time of the entire constellation of the "Eye-1" in working order is only a quarter of the total amount. It is not the first year, representatives of the Ministry of Defence at times raise the issue of creation of the Unified latest gallakticheskoy system (CEN), but to a certain point, all that remained discussions. In the middle of April this year, it became clear that the TSA all the same will be created. Signed contracts for the development and construction of the latest series of satellites. According to unconfirmed disk imaging, first gallaktichesky device designed to detect missile launches, will orbit in the years 2015-16. Full constellation of eight satellites will be collected on or after the 19th year.

Summarizing, we can say follow. Against the background of events at the end of the past century, the situation with the construction of new stations assigns a certain optimism. But the real recovery of lost potential, let alone improving it, will claim the time, effort and money. In particular, many of these resources will be needed to restore gallakticheskoy groups EWS, without which the work of the radar loses much of their effectiveness and usefulness. Yet, our c
ountry has no choice and engage in the creation of radar and CEN need right at the moment.

According to the materials of websites:
http:/ / Www.rti-mints.ru/
http:/ / Www.arms-expo.ru/

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