Russia’s foreign trade in 2012 amounted to $ 837.2 billion (+ 1.8% y a)

Russian trade surplus in 2012 was $ 212.2 billion, which is 0.6% higher than in 2011, according to the Federal Customs Service (FCS).

Russia’s foreign trade turnover in 2012 amounted to $ 837.2 billion (+ 1.8%), while turnover with non-CIS countries reached $ 719.5 billion, with countries CIS — $ 117.7 billion 

The trade surplus Russia with foreign countries last year amounted to $ 175.1 billion (a decrease of $ 1.3 billion to a record in 2011), with the CIS countries — $ 37.1 billion (an increase of $ 2.5 billion).

Exports from Russia in 2012 amounted to $ 524.7 billion (+ 1.6%). The share of non-CIS countries had 85.2% of exports, the share of CIS countries — 14.8%. In the commodity structure of exports to CIS countries in 2012. the share of energy products accounted for 55.4% of total exports to these countries (in 2011. — 55.3%).

Revenues from exports of oil products from Russia in 2012. increased by 12% — up to 103.43 billion dollars from 91.31 billion dollars in 2011. This is stated in the materials of the Federal Customs Service (FCS) of the Russian Federation. In volume terms, exports of petroleum products increased by 10.5% — to 137.94 million tonnes from 124.9 million tonnes in 2011.

Revenues from exports of gasoline in 2012. decreased by 4% — to 2.53 billion dollars. with exports of $ 2.64 billion in value terms grew by 4.5% — up 3.2 million tonnes from 3.06 million tonnes

Revenues from exports of diesel fuel increased by 16% — to 36.7 billion dollars from 31.7 billion dollars in bulk export of this type of fuel rose by 4% — to 36.74 million tonnes from 35.4 million tonnes

 Revenues from exports of liquid fuels in 2012. compared to 2011. grew by 12.5% — to 48.95 billion dollars. from 43.5 billion dollars in value terms exports rose by 6% — to 75.95 million tonnes from 71.72 million tonnes

According to the Ministry of Energy, primary processing of crude oil at the refinery Russia in 2012. increased compared to 2011. by 4.5% — to 265 million 688 thousand tons. Production of gasoline in Russia for 2012. increased by 5.2% — up to 38.141 million tons, diesel fuel — by 0.1% — to 69.6 million tons of fuel oil — increased by 5.4% — to 74.1 million tons of jet fuel — rose by 10 , 3% — up to 10.029 million tonnes

Russia’s revenues from exports of coal in 2012. increased by 14.4% — up to 13.015 billion dollars

Imports to Russia last year amounted to $ 312.5 billion (+ 2.2%). The share of non-CIS countries had 87.0% of the imports, the share of CIS countries — 13%.

The basis of Russia’s exports to non-CIS countries in 2012 were fuel and energy products, whose share in the export rate of 73% against 72.7% in 2011

As part of imports from foreign countries in the past year was dominated by machinery and equipment, which accounted for 52.1% of imports compared to 51% in 2011

EU countries account for 49% of Russia’s trade turnover (47.9% in 2011), the CIS countries — 14.1% (15.1%), the Eurasian Economic Community countries — 7.3% (7.6%), APEC — 24.0% (23.8%), the countries of the Customs Union — 6.9% (7.3%).

The main trade partners of Russia in 2012 were China, trade with which totaled $ 87.5 billion (+ 5.1%), Netherlands — $ 82.7 billion (+ 20.6%), Germany — $ 73.9 billion (+ 2.8%), Italy — $ 45.8 billion (- 0.5%), Turkey — $ 34.2 billion (- 7.9%), Japan — $ 32.2 billion (- 5.3%), the U.S. — $ 28.3 billion (- 8.8%), Poland — $ 27.4 billion (- 2.4%), South Korea — $ 24.9 billion (- 0.2%), France — $ 24.3 billion (- 13.6%).

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