August 10. According to experts weather center "Phobos", held July was the hottest in the history of meteorological observations of Moscow.
In its scope, the anomalies, the duration and the degree of impact the heat does not have analogs for more than a century of weather observations. For example, the average temperature was 26.1 degrees Celsius, exceeding the rate of eight to ten degrees. For a month the temperature has broken the order of ten records.
In addition, registered its absolute maximum — plus 38.2 degrees. Abnormal heat and the consequent drought have led to numerous forest fires. On Monday (approx. Ed. — August 9) Muscovites were again hard to breathe because of the smoke of burning peat. The city and the area with acrid smog shrouded the smell of burning. The specialists MOE continue to struggle on fire. So, on Monday morning, there were almost 30 wildfires, and another 66 were eliminated before the fires.
The cause of the abnormally high temperatures, established over such a long period of time is the so-called "blocking anticyclone" — a long-lived sedentary extensive anticyclone, which does not let other air mass at an occupied territory. (approx. Ed. — later, "blocking anticyclone" lost terminological place "jet flows.")
Set during the second half of June in the south of Russia and Eastern Ukraine, the anticyclone initially called it an unprecedented heat, and by the beginning of July, and has spread to the middle latitudes of Russia, by pumping hot air from the deserts of Turkmenistan. An unusually long period of existence of this anticyclone, which has already exceeded 1 month, and led to a prolonged heating of the air to record levels.
July 2010 was not only an unusually hot throughout the central part of Russia, on some days, but in general, the month in so many cities had no equal in the history of the medium and temperature.
A characteristic feature is an exceptional value above zero anomaly, which averaged 6 … 7 ° C above normal. The previous warmest Julies overlap in some cities in the vast quantities in some cities exceed 3 ° C. While they were blocked not only throughout the central belt of the European territory of Russia, but also on its south and north. While in different cities of the region are different warmest Julies belonged to different years. The greatest temperature anomalies were in the middle zone of the European part of Russia.
Another feature was the severe drought in the middle lane: in some cities in July 2010 and has managed to become the driest in history. It caused severe forest fires.
Most similar to the stories on the weather situation in the XX century were in 1938, when many were set absolute record for the current day, and especially in 1972, when there was not only prolonged heat, but a severe drought, like the drought in 2010. However, the anomaly in July 1972 (for Moscow) was only 4 ° C, in July 2010 anomaly was 7,7 ° C. However, climatologists say a very great similarity 2010 in 1972. Prior to 2010, August 1972 for Moscow was the warmest month ever.
The air is warmed in some regions 40 … 43,5 ° C, recorded on July 12 the maximum ever recorded in the country air temperature — 45,4 ° C (weather station Uta, Kalmykia). The heat has caused have not experienced a strange fire or medical situation, a drought that has not been seen for almost 40 years and has caused the deaths of at least 10 million hectares of crop area planted of 48 (14 regions, including Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Volgograd, Orenburg, Saratov, Samara area). Abnormal heat up sharply sale of cooling drinks, ice cream, fans and air conditioners.
"Training" to "anomalous" heat of the summer 2010 began an abnormally warm autumn 2009 and spring 2010.
Russian and international scientists have suggested that the "abnormal" by today's standards, the heat will soon become normal for the country, as well as "anomalous" cold and other "unusual" natural phenomena.
However, in Western Siberia summer of 2010 dawned not hot. For example, in Omsk, no heat waves and droughts. In the summer of 2010 in Omsk, there are even cooler days, with the air temperature 16 … 19 ° C. The number of hot days is not very large, and regular rains.
In Tyumen summer and it was not hot. On some days of July daytime temperatures did not exceed 12 degrees, and the night fell to 6.
Novosibirsk, the warm weather has come relatively late, the average temperature was low, and some days of July, the day temperature dropped to 9 degrees.
Extremely high temperatures are established and neighboring Russia Ukraine. Over the weekend in most parts of the republic will be 35 … 39 degrees of heat, and in the eastern regions (Sumy, Poltava, Dnepropetrovsk, Zaporozhye, Kherson, Mykolayiv) — up to 40 … 42 degrees, wrote "The newspaper in Kiev." Another Russian neighbor, Finland, and the beginning of August brought a storm with thunder. More than 8 million households were without electricity in the central part of the country. Wind felled trees and damaged many cars.
In China, do not stop flooding. Destroyed more than 600 thousand homes. According to the General Staff of the Chinese anti-flood and drought since the beginning of the year in the country of floods swept three-quarters of the provinces, the level of water in the 25 rivers rose to record levels and is currently confirmed the death of 701 people, 347 people are still missing, destroyed 645,000 buildings, flooded more than 7 million hectares of arable fields;
Weather forecasts are still not encouraging — heavy rains will continue, at least until August. The most difficult situation is expected in the provinces of Hubei, Guizhou, Hunan, and others, as well as in the city of Chongqing under the central government.
All because of a natural disaster anyway affected 1 million people. In some regions, water destroyed roads, snapped power lines, isolated entire towns, reports
Within one day, June 13 at the track Chengdu City, Sichuan Province was formed by at least 80 holes with a diameter of about one meter and a depth of 30 cm
According to the publication "Sichuan Online", the failures were formed on the segment route length of about two kilometers, around the pits diverge long cracks.
An employee of a road that oversees this track said that the failures were formed from the fact that on the track softened by rain go too heavy trucks.
Perhaps the reason which is true, but the recent dips in the ground formed in many parts of China, which is already causing excitement among the local population.
Severe flooding occurred in Yongji County, Jilin Province. At several local reservoirs dam was broken. The rapid flow of water from a height of three-story house engulfed houses in several villages. Local residents say have killed more than two thousand people. Officials deny this information.
The disaster happened in the early morning of July 28. Before that, for 12 hours in the area, still, heavy rain poured down. During this time, received more than 200 mm of rain.
In Afghanistan, the flooding has destroyed at least 2.5 million homes and killed 80 people. Thousands of Afghans have suffered and receive medical care, organized by the United Nations. From the disaster affected 11 provinces in central, north and north-east of the country: Ghazni, Gangman, Nangarhar, Kunar, Logar, Khost, Parwan and Kapisa.
Pakistani rescuers hope that they can get up to 27 thousand people, cut off from the 'mainland' catastrophic floods in the north-east of the country.
Among these people — 1.5 thousand tourists in the Swat Valley, where last year carried out a massive military operation against the Taliban.
The biggest problem for emergency services today — Access to the affected areas, in many completely destroyed roads, transport and communication systems.
Torrential rains have stopped now, but the huge territories in north-east Pakistan remain flooded.
Humanitarian organizations say that in a region that has faced the most severe flooding last 80 years, washed to the ground entire villages, the BBC reported.
Element has killed 1.6 million people. Another 4.5 million residents were affected one way or another. The water destroyed the homes of 1.5 million Pakistanis. The greatest damage was incurred by the province of Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. UN called the situation in the country "catastrophic." Experts predict that the rains will come in Pakistan for several weeks.
Now, experts say, urgent action is needed to prevent outbreaks of diseases transmitted through water.
As said, the acting head of the Pakistani branch of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Ahmed Farah Shadul now established in the north of the country conditions are favorable for the occurrence of epidemics.
Incessant heavy rains that hit the north-west of Pakistan, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan, have caused severe floods. More than 500 thousands of Pakistanis were left without shelter. In the north-west of Pakistan flooded more than 70% of the acreage,
Strong rains have led to flooding of several areas in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. According to the police, killing more than 50 local residents.
Central Europe is drowning in the rain. Powerful cyclone rains flooded the central and southern Europe. It was formed as a wave cyclone over the territory of France, but having got into a zone of large temperature drops to 20 degrees, he began to develop rapidly. In the middle troposphere altitude center took shape, adding energy atmospheric fronts. Currently cyclone traced to a height of 8-9 km.
On the eve of Germany's heavy rains, with rainfall up to 68 mm. The same heavy downpours were observed in the Czech Republic. A little rain in the number pootstal Austria, but it rains yet to come. Rainy weather in Switzerland and Italian Alps.
In the next day will be divided into two cyclone center. Nordic Centre will go with their rains and strong winds to the Baltic Sea and the southern Balkan countries will flood rains.
Due to heavy rains in the Czech Republic are waiting for flooding. Most can suffer Sevres and west of the country. Already there are reports of flooding of basements of residential homes in the settlements located in the north and west of the Czech Republic. The wind force of up to 20 m / s felled thousands derevev.Zapadnye meteorologists have come to the conclusion that the heat brought in Russian anticyclone was the cause of flooding in Eastern Europe. By torrential rains also affected Asian countries, some of which border Russia. Russian meteorologists, in turn, believe that the "blame" Russia for bad weather is impossible. Just change the air flow, but soon all normal.
Anticyclone, which brought in Russia this summer anomalous heat and forest fires, was also the cause of incessant floods in Eastern Europe, according to Financial Times.
Barrier to cyclones
Atlantic cyclones in May brought the clouds to Europe. Now they can not leave the old world, because in their way stood up vast areas of high atmospheric pressure formed over Russia, the magazine writes.
"Cyclones are turned in one place" — said Andras Reis, a spokeswoman for the Hungarian.
The result of this situation was intensified since June, torrential rains that caused flooding in Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Slovakia and Romania. Hungarian authorities say that the affected north-east of the country destroyed more than 300 homes. In the region of Tokaj-Hegyalja element caused serious damage to wineries. Some vineyards yield fell by half compared to last year. The most successful wine producers are hoping that the next two months in the region will be dry weather, and then the vineyard will yield only 10% lower than last year. Total damage that floods cause of Hungary, could be worth $ 942 million
In Poland, Wisla several times over the summer was coming out of its banks. At the end of June in some areas the water level in the river exceeded the norm by 18 cm, reported Polskie Radio.
While the northern hemisphere is suffering from a lingering African heat in the subtropical regions of southern unusually severe winter storms. For more than a week Antarctic cyclone attack southern Chile and Argentine Patagonia. In the Andes dropped record rainfall. The temperature dropped below zero, and in Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia.
Residents of Chile's Aisen province experienced the most severe snow storm in the last 30 years — there has dropped 70 inches of rain. For the first time in many years, and the area was covered with Mendoza, famous for its vineyards. And the residents of the province of Santiago del Estero in Argentina do not recall if there ever was snowing. In Buenos Aires, the thermometer the first time in 10 years fell to 1,5 ° C. Snowfalls were reported in 24 provinces of Argentina, including the seaside resort of Mar del Plata. And on the border with Bolivia, the air temperature dropped to a record? 22 ° C. Lingering snow blocked major highways and caused numerous accidents. Industrial Union of Argentina in its press release expressed concern about whether there is enough gas reserves and do not have to shut down plants as a first cold supply natural gas to businesses have dropped by 50%. Winter in Latin America extends from June to September, but, as a rule, it is much softer. In the southern regions of the continent and even in the high mountains of the cold usually does not happen.
Particularly difficult because of the cold snap has to the poor and homeless. The authorities gave them warm clothes, food. In Paraguay, for those who do not have a roof over your head, found temporary homes heated, but all of them are missing. Normal temperature in the country for that season +30 ° C and the thermometer 10 ° C. Only in Peru due to hypothermia and disease killed more than a hundred people, half of them — children. In Argentina, 12 people were poisoned by carbon monoxide — they were trying to heat their homes. In Peru, where in some areas the temperature dropped to ≥ 24 ° C, the government has gone to extremes: on the 60-day state of emergency was declared here.
Suffer from the cold, and the Amazon jungle, the government help to cope with the bad weather people living along the tributary of the Madre de Dios. From the cold has killed many animals. On the coast of the Atlantic are finding dead turtles, penguins and seagulls, some ponds and lakes frozen fish. Frosts have caused serious damage to farms. Of hyperthermic shock cattle died in Paraguay and Brazil. Laboratory tests have shown that in general the animals were healthy and the cause of mass deaths — cold snap. Farmers did not have time to warm stall.
Disappointing outlook for Chile. Here the danger is 100 thousand heads of cattle. Rapidly losing livestock and farmers in remote areas, there is nothing they can do to save the animals, since more than ten days there is no electricity. If the animals survive the cold, it does not mean that they will be saved, because the food destroyed by frost. Forecasters promise warming at the current week and warned that the snowfall will come to replace the heavy rains.
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