The environmental crisis in Haiti: not a dream, but a reality to save the planet
On the island of Haiti, hurricanes are becoming more frequent and unpredictable. In 2008, here recorded four tropical storms in a row. The fourth largest city of Gonaives was flooded for a month.
Fig. Seedlings for tree nursery in Tiote. Deforestation increases the risk of landslides in Haiti, and a threat to the world environment.
Haiti also suffers from the mobility of the soil. The island is almost no trees from the original forest cover remains about 2%. Therefore, during the hurricane almost always happen landslides, as the top layer of soil is not fortified roots.
Mass deforestation began in 1804. Red wood was to pay reparations imposed on Haiti by French colonists. During the period 1915-1934 the U.S. occupation continued to cut down the forest Americans received land ownership. If they came to the forest cover of 60% of the island, by 1945, it decreased to 21%. Currently, poor farmers continue to clear felling of new agricultural land, trying to earn some money selling charcoal.
Organization "Christian Aid" has long appreciated the danger of deforestation in Haiti. Recognize the significant risks of landslides and the destruction of plant deleterious effects on the environment. British analysts Meyplkroft called Haiti among the three countries most adversely affecting the Earth's climate.
After the earthquake, efforts to implement programs of forest stands. For example, "Haiti Servi" planted 60,000 saplings in the south-east (Tiote), built new homes for those who have returned to the country after the earthquake. To the west in Nippo of trees mango, papaya and citrus to further sales of the fruit. This is a peculiar hint farmers that not only cutting can generate income.
Attempts are being made to influence the local government to replace environmentally unfriendly propane charcoal used as a domestic fuel.
Another disaster Haiti has become unpredictable drought. Some of the north-western areas in recent years has suffered from a sudden dry weather, which destroyed pastures and grain yield. In addition, on the island created two artificial lakes (similar program conducted in East Africa), local residents advised to have a constant supply of water at home for themselves and irrigation land in the drought.
Proposals to combat deforestation and drought have received many. Most of them are aimed at the countryside. The main priority for Haiti now will be to maintain an ecological direction taken organizations that provide assistance to the country after the earthquake.