Improving the safety of existing and construction of new nuclear power plants, the positive economic indicators, the development of the nuclear fleet — these areas of the State Corporation "Rosatom" experts call among the most successful in 2011.
"As shown in 2011, the Russian nuclear industry has managed to withstand the blow dealt by the world nuclear industry accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant" Fukushima ". Proof of the competitiveness of Russian nuclear technology was the official opening of the nuclear power plant in Iran, the construction of which was brought to an end, despite all the political and technical difficulties, "- said the Itar-Tass member of the Federation Council Committee on Budget and Financial Markets Bateau Zhargal Zhambalnimbuev.
He stressed that "over the past year," Rosatom "concluded almost twice the contracts for the construction of nuclear power plants abroad than last year / in 2010, 11 units have been ordered, now 21 /, has contracts to build nuclear power plants in India, Bulgaria Turkey, Armenia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and China. " The MP stressed that "after the events in Japan, none of the partners did not raise the issue of changing the Russian nuclear power plant designs." "This means that customers are satisfied with the security of Russian nuclear technology," — said Zhambalnimbuev. Member of the Federation Council added that "the corporation is active not only in the Asian market, although today it is the most promising area, and in 2011 entered into an agreement for the construction of the first nuclear power plant in Belarus."
Director of the Institute for Safe Development of Nuclear Energy / Nuclear Safety / RAS Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid more I think that "the Russian nuclear industry has shown a very high stability after the" Fukushima "and at technical and political levels." "We have not lost any of either internal or external contract. This means that the trust of customers in different countries to the Russian atomic energy was high. And it is not the policy or dumping. This is the result of 25 years of work after the Chernobyl safety improvements at different points, improve designs, offering customers a complete package, including training, assistance in building infrastructure, real estate development in a variety of formats, "- said the scientist. According to him, "the Russian nuclear power industry was stable enough self-confident and able to prove it on the world stage."
"We have passed since Chernobyl really big way — both technically and in the information and financial sense. Therefore, the stability of the Russian nuclear power industry is based on a very solid foundation. However, in the first six months after the accident at the "Fukushima" were held not only the stress tests, but the purchase of additional pumps and diesel generators for each nuclear power plant. On the one hand, there is pride in the achievements, to show the world this year. On the other hand, there is an understanding that security — this is what you need to constantly work "- sure is big.
Experts also note the stability in the country’s nuclear industry. Thus, the head of the analytical department of CJSC IC "Energocapital" Alexander Ignatyuk believes that spent in 2011, "the commissioning of the fourth unit of the Kalinin nuclear power plant, planned modernization and life extension of three reactors, the transition to the next phase of the construction of five more reactors in the Russian Federation — the key to successful form a base for further increasing the share of nuclear power in the energy balance of Russia. "
Leading expert of "Finam Management" Dmitry Baranov also notes increased in 2011, the number of foreign orders of "Rosatom", which, in his view, "says the recognition in the world championship of Russia in the nuclear industry and reinforces the fact that we are a technology leader, NPP projects which are fully effective, and most importantly — safe. " The expert recalled that Russia first after the accident at the nuclear power plant in Japan has received new orders for nuclear power plants abroad.
"Along with the home countries after the" Fukushima "evolved" atomic "phobia, there were countries where react to the situation at the Japanese nuclear power plant with understanding, concern, sympathy, but did not draw hasty conclusions. This is, first of all, the major players of the nuclear industry — Russia, the U.S., France, China, are developing nuclear power for decades and have learned to separate the wheat from the chaff, are able to without compromising the security to enter the building of new nuclear power plants and decommission the old " — said Baranov. According to him, the state in 2011 continued to develop nuclear energy, continued development of new nuclear technologies, prepared by qualified personnel, and much more. "But even among this group of countries, Russia stands alone, because the outcome of the nuclear industry in this country in 2011 were the best, even among the other participants of the" Atomic Four "- said the expert.
He also said that in 2011, "Rosatom" increased electricity production by 0.8 percent and reduced the volume of revenue from electricity sales, reflecting the low cost of nuclear energy compared to the energy of traditional energy sources.
Baranov added that "Rosatom" in addition to the already created a single center has a unified procurement and procurement industry standard introduced e-procurement system that allows you to participate in the supply of a large number of companies and reduce the price of orders. "According to preliminary calculations, the savings from the use of competitive procedures in 2011 will exceed 23 billion rubles," — said the expert.
The head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko said earlier that the corporation intends to increase the total revenue in 2030 five times — up to 75 billion dollars.
Baranov drew attention to the fact that "Rosatom" in 2011 fully met the state defense order, that "the evidence of successful and highly stable operation of all nuclear weapons complex."
All interviewed experts of success, "Rosatom" in 2011, was called in September signed a cooperation agreement with one of the leaders in the world of mechanical engineering — a group of companies "Rolls-Royce". "This agreement will not only strengthen the competitive position of" Rosatom "on the world market, but also increase the loyalty of foreign customers for its projects will receive new orders, enter new markets," — said Baranov. "With this alliance corporation can expect to strengthen its position in Europe "- says Zhambalnimbuev. According to Director of Nuclear Safety Bol’shova, such cooperation will bring to Russia a new technological culture." The higher the level of technology, so it is more efficient and better for security.’s a good tandem, beneficial to both sides, " — said the scientist.
According to experts, another achievement of "Rosatom" in 2011 was the development of the nuclear fleet and the Northern Sea Route / MSP /. "Spend a few convoys in the North Sea routes, including the unique postings were made. The interest of foreign shipowners to this track is growing,
becoming more willing to allow more to capitalize on this in the future, so this activity should be actively developed, "- said Baranov. Agrees with him Zhambalnimbuev: "Transit along the NSR as a business — it is a very promising area that is important to develop." "Getting into the 2008" Rosatomflota "in the" Rosatom "done him good. It can be seen in her eyes, as is the development — nuclear icebreakers are becoming bigger boot, the decision to build new ones. The work of the Northern Sea Route is reflected in the economy. The offshore part of "Rosatom" is clearly pleased with this year. And it is clear that there is a prospect for the future ", — emphasized more.
According to him, "gaining momentum" and nuclear medicine. "As the worldwide nuclear medicine — this is good business, I hope that next year it will begin to yield good dividends and Russia", — said the director of the Nuclear Safety.
Scientists believe that the nuclear industry a top priority for the future will be safer. "This year," Fukushima "was a challenge for the nuclear industry and Russia, and the world. And even more serious than Chernobyl. From these lessons we have learned the most important thing — to safety should be taken seriously, "- said the expert. He said that after the "Fukushima" revealed "the absence of sufficient systematic work to improve the level of competence of emergency centers and the possibility of a quick analysis of the situation — above all this has to work. You can develop the potential rosatomovskih enterprises in this regard, "- would like more.