Climate: Why in the Arctic is warmer than in Sochi?

The maximum temperature on July 22. Surface height H500 mm, configuration contour surface shows how the waves are distributed in the middle troposphere

July 23, 2013. Not for the first day in the north and north-east of the ETP, in the north of Siberia (even in the Polar regions) is held unprecedented heat! Daytime temperature rises to 30 … 34 °. Vorkuta, Salehard, Dixon, Norilsk, Arkhangelsk and many other weather station — fix the maximum temperature records.

Meanwhile in Sochi and Krasnodar only 27 °. And the residents of the Central European Russia, who are entitled to the 23 … 24 ° in the middle of the day, content with only a very modest 15 … 20 °?

On the other hand — Europe, too, is wearied because of 30 … 35 ° heat. And there's new record maximum temperature.

The largest contribution to this distribution of temperature anomalies, as usual, are making waves exist in the troposphere — the waves Russia. Wavelength now is that the waves were inactive, or fixed, experts say. This time, they are "stuck" in the order over Europe and over the central part of Russia — the ridges above the center of the ETP and Eastern European countries — a deep cyclone. The influence of the ridges increases good warm air under cloudless weather and great light of the day. A cyclone in the lower troposphere is cold, and even rain and thick clouds cover the sun and do not allow to warm the earth and air. This situation has continued for a fourth day and is projected with a slight variation threatens to drag before the start of a new week.

Source: Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia

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