The eruption of Mount Lokon

The eruption of Mount Lokon Natural Disasters

December 27, 2011 eruption of one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia, called Curl. The first explosion took place at 3:07 am local time, followed in a few minutes followed by two more. In nearby villages eruption caused panic, towns with a population of about 10,000 people were affected by ash falls almost all morning. More than 5,000 residents were evacuated during the eruption of the volcano (1580 m) in July 2011, spreading the ash column height of 3.5 km. In 1991, the eruption of curls killed a Swiss tourist.

On the Indonesian archipelago are dozens of active volcanoes, which are part of the so-called "Ring of Fire", a tectonic fault lines between the Pacific and Indian Ocean. In 2010, on the island of Java with a powerful eruption of the active volcano Mount Merapi in Indonesia killed more than 350 people. In the list of horrific events, which often occur on the islands, there is also an earthquake and tsunami of December 26, 2004, killing 230,000 people. Swell the number of disasters has long extinct volcanic eruptions.

April 10, 1815 on the island of Sumbawa Tambora volcano erupted, which was considered inoperable. On this planet not been seen since the eruption of Lake Taupo in 180 AD in New Zealand. It all started the first of April at 10 am. The explosions continued until 9 am the second of April, and the morning of the third began on April emissions and ash eruptions every 15 minutes.

Evening, April 10 giant column of smoke rose above the volcano, and it seemed that the mountain throws flames. Soon disappeared behind a mountain of dense cloud of smoke. The roar from the eruption was so loud that it could be heard for nearly 2000 kilometers. Strong flow of air to the root trees uprooted, destroyed walls of homes, pick up people and animals.

Sumbawa island and coastal waters were entirely covered with slag and ash, causing crumbling building. The picturesque island has been turned into desolation. Of the 12,000 inhabitants, only 26 survived. On the neighboring island of Lombok ash layer thickness was about 60 cm same layer of ash was found in the sea west of Sumbawa on April 12. Java island plunged into darkness because of falling ash. April 10 eruption caused severe wave height of 3.5 meters on the coast of. Sumbawa. They cut into the estuaries and immediately turn black, washing houses and trees, throwing the boat to shore. Near the volcano Tombora coast was flooded by 6 feet. This eruption has brought tens of thousands of victims of the world and the "year without a summer" already in 1816.

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