At the end of February 2007 on the site
First of all, we have to tell you — dear reader: hydrogen outgassing is not only not ceased, but has a marked tendency to expand. It captures and new areas appear to become more intense. If a year and a half ago, we were quite happy with gas analyzers, which measures the concentration of hydrogen to 1000 ppm (Up 0.1%), then in the spring of 2008, we almost did not include them, as it was necessary to work with concentrations of about 1%. One of analyzers that are at our disposal is scaled to 1.5% (up to 15,000 ppm), But this year, and it became the place to choke hydrogen. The measurements were performed both on new areas, and on fixed points on our earlier that these high concentrations were observed.
Pictures are clickable
Then, following the ancient rule — "It is better to see once than hear a hundred times"We will show a series of photographs that illustrate the scope and diversity of the hydrogen outgassing generated structures. In the explanatory notes to these photos will meet term — "hydrogen bleaching." We have already mentioned that this is due to the destruction of humus in the black earth. Humus — a long organic compound (molecule) complex composition. Their length is provided by chemical bonds of carbon atoms with each other. But when they fall in a stream of hydrogen, the hydrogen atoms are incorporated between the carbon atoms long molecules are cleaved into shorter, which are volatile gases, and fly. Furthermore, in places where the hydrogen jets we are under a layer of soil sand white. The white color of the soil due to the appearance of kaolin — a clay mineral having a white color. Kaolinization develops and feldspar grains of sand caused, we believe the influence of hydrogen.
Subsidence structure similar to that shown in the photo. 8, are widely distributed in the northern part of the Moscow region. And even more places where they are just going to show up. So we were interested to check — whether these are the underlying cause of education? Or is it just a banal swamp in which organic matter decomposes, and therefore they are "floating" hydrogen? This version periodically whispered to us skeptics who sit in each of us, and those who love to hang out periods of enforced idleness by bad weather. And to shorten those pesky type of cooperation we are attracted to talented geophysics — Andrew Gorbatikova, who has developed a unique method of "micro-seismic sounding." Profile latitudinal length of 1,500 m (16 feet stations through 100) observed under this vertical structure subsidence zone (the "pipe" diameter 350 m) extending to a depth of more than 7 kilometers away (see Fig. 9). In this "pipe" is a sharp absorption of microseismic waves and decrease the speed of sound propagation. Conclusion: most likely, the zone is penetrated by pores and cavities that are filled with liquid and a gas.
Numerous measurements of the concentration of hydrogen in this place found a strong anomaly that extends beyond our profile. At the center of this anomaly (where the structure subsidence) hydrogen content exceeds 1.6%, the periphery they fall (sawtooth) to values of the order of 0.5%, which is also very much.
Inside the structure subsidence surface is flat, does not lie and do not stick out the fallen trees (both sides), and dry, in some places you can go without rubber boots. Among the soft moss grow rosemary, cranberries and blueberries. View attractive. But if you find a clearing with no young trees and jump on it, then show how you differ from surface waves. There is a feeling that you jump on the "soft blanket", floating on some slush. My younger colleagues (Gorbatikov Andrey and Nikolai Larin) also noticed this and came up with that! One will jump, and the other will catch the "echo" that comes with depth. Decided — will jump Larin (he geologist and qualified), while Andrew, as he geophysicist, was destined to be a "sounder". They have played this game and in the evening, after work, assured me (Larina — older), which echo comes about a quarter of a second. This means that a "soft blanket" a pit filled with "gruel", and the depth of this well is something about 180 meters I would not want to be among the builders, pulling way through such a structure, or among the crew of a heavy tank, decided to drive on level ground through a young woodland.
For the week of field work, we heard a lot of complaints of local gardeners, whose homes are in the immediate vicinity of the structure subsidence (See FIG. 8). They mainly complained about the smell of hydrogen sulfide, from which at times "just can not live," and "dead bald head" in the gardens and orchards, where there is absolutely nothing grows. We know the cause of these evils, sympathized with them, and refrain say that more could have been worse.
We have reason to believe that these areal hydrogen anomalies eating out at a depth of vertical tubular zones — a sort of "of a hydrogen"(See FIG. 11). And it is likely that these areas can be selected hydrogen boreholes as conventional natural gas. Agree — this is quite a remarkable solution of many problems. We will be able to produce hydrogen — unique in its features energy source that does not have to drive far away through pipes, as it expires right here by our side, in the literal sense of the word. And if we learn how to capture the hydrogen flow at depth is thereby significantly reduce the negative effects of hydrogen on the surface drainage area.
Finally, do not forget about the phenomenon hydrogen embrittlement metals, which may cause destruction of the foundation engineering structures, underground pipelines and conduits. It should be clearly understood — if the soil air content of hydrogen measured by the percentage, the embrittlement of underground steel structures inevitably.
Two years ago, our old friend and colleague — SM Beskin (Dr. geol.-Miner. Sciences) showed us a very unusual phenomenon in the south of Moscow region many of the fields abundantly covered with tiny mud volcanoes.
Our measurements have shown that this phenomenon is evident in places of hydrogen degassing. And at first we thought that the reason for this lies in some of the local features of the soil, which prevents the free release of hydrogen and causes it to accumulate in the form of bubbles. However, in spring 2008, this phenomenon is widely evident across the Moscow region.
Read more. Part 2>