The weather in early 2012, Weather and Climate
Fig. The top of the Zugspitze (2962 m), Germany. A week ago, the snow cover was only 19 cm Currently 381 cm of snow fell.
It seems that 2011 has passed the torch of natural disasters in 2012 th. In the Americas, Africa, Europe and the Arctic for the uncharacteristic levels of temperature, snowfall, drought and other weather surprises.
This winter, thousands of people in Austria, France and Germany have seen the strongest in the last 30-50 years of snowfall. After the driest in the 150 years of autumn in Europe for two weeks formed snow height of five meters, resulting in many ski resorts and villages were cut off from the outside world.
It is established that the Arctic ice cap is critically low dimensions after intensive melting in 2011. By the beginning of 2012 the volume of the glacier has decreased to 12.230 km ³. From the last 30 years is one of the lowest figures for the year to date.
In South Australia recorded the highest temperatures for January in this century (more than 40 ° C). Argentina, the second largest exporter of maize in the world, is suffering from an abnormal drought, which adversely affect the yield this year.
According to estimates of the largest reinsurance company Munich Re, the amount of damage from natural disasters in 2011 amounted to 380 billion U.S. dollars. This is two times higher than the record of 2005. The main reason for such a large number of anomalies in the past year is the phenomenon of La Niña, which continues to have a negative impact on the global climate. Encouraged by the fact that by the end of spring, La Niña is completely exhausted, that will give hope to see in 2012, fewer accidents.