Africa: Lake Chad expects the fate of the Aral Sea. Named the most Dying country on Earth

Scientists are sounding the alarm: for 50 years the area of Lake Chad, one of the largest vodosmov Africa, the waters of which play a key role in the lives of over 30 million people in Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger and Chad, has shrunk by 90%. If the water levels continue to decline at the same rate, in 20 years the lake may dry up completely, which threatens to turn into an ecological and human disaster for the region.

As the Minister of Environment and Fisheries of Chad Hassan therapy, "in 1963, the Lake Chad area is 25 thousand square kilometers, and by 2010 it dropped to 2.5 thousand square kilometers. Prior to 2020, the lake may disappear completely "

2001 @ NASA

@ UNEP / GRID-Arendal

It is reported that as one of the main reasons that led to the deplorable condition of this natural water reservoir, referred to as adverse trends in climate have caused shoaling of the main waterways that feed the pond — Central Chari and Logone rivers. Important negative factor is the uncontrolled use of water resources — both the lake and its tributaries feeding — for irrigation and irrigation, ITAR-TASS reported.

Dust storm in the Lake Chad 2003 @ NASA

It is reported that in order to prevent the disappearance of the lake at different times put forward a number of water conservancy projects, the essence of which was to "turn the rivers", and among the first in the 1970s, a similar idea proposed by specialists from the USSR. However, until now, scientists have not reached a consensus on the issue.

However, experts do not abandon plans for "surgery" in the natural landscape of the African continent. The Interstate Commission on the Lake Chad basin, which includes representatives of Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic and Libya, will present at the conference in N'Djamena, a new project aimed at saving water body.

According to him, it is supposed transfer of water through the channel of the giant river Ubangi — the largest tributary of the Congo, the deepest waterway Africa — towards Chari River, which flows into Chad.

Source:  JOURNAL, YouTube, NASA, UNEP / GRID-Arendal

Named the most Dying country on Earth

Mortality in the Central African Republic is four times higher than in the other countries of the Black Continent. In 2010, due to disease and violence, the country will lose about 6% of its population.

According to research by the Center for Human Rights of the University of Berkeley in the United States, in the Central African Republic (CAR) — the highest mortality rate in comparison with other countries in Africa and possibly the world. Each month, the net mortality in CAR is 5 per 1,000 population, while the average in Africa, the figure was 1.3 per 1,000, while in the U.S. — 0.7 per 1,000 people. Life expectancy in CAR is only 44 years old, according to IA inright.ru.

Bordering Sudan, Chad, Congo and Cameroon, this country is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Africa — it is home to less than 4 million people. Of these, more than 1 million of the capital of Central African Republic — Bangui, the remaining 3,000,000 are scattered around the country. At the same time, Bangui and Mobaye — almost the only electrified city in the CAR.

Since independence in 1960, the former French colony live in a situation of permanent coups. Here, only in 1996 there were 11 coups and mutinies, and in 2002-2003 the country experienced a civil war.

But in this case, as scientists have found, not violence is the main cause of increased mortality in the region.

"In fact, most of the deaths are due to the extreme poverty of the population and the lack of medical facilities and medicines. People die from diabetes and other curable diseases simply because the medicines available to them or the road, "- said Patrick Vinck, one of the researchers of the University of Berkeley.

There are no investments in infrastructure, health and education. Of the 24 thousand kilometers of trails are only 500 kilometers of paved. On rough roads speed vehicles does not exceed 25 kilometers per hour. Often it is the lack of timeliness of care, and is the cause of death.

Source: ScNc.Ru

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