Despite the fact that mnogokalibernym sniper rifles since the end of the last century, many «experts» predict the future as the main gun military snipers, SWR does not become so. Yet, the popularity of such tools grows not old days and bounds; he is credited with the ability to type confident untold destruction of the enemy just in my head at a distance of more than a thousand meters in 2000, and there is even such tales in which languid tanks portrayed as victims of these rifles. But we will not produce folklore, and try to clarify some points and to understand mnogokalibernyh sniper rifles only 1st producer, but what! This article is the first of a series in which we will talk about mnogokalibernyh sniper rifles Barrett. Let’s start with a little background of the creation of this tool and take a walk around the family rifle Barrett M82.
History of creation of the first rifle really forces people to think about the capabilities of different countries. So the creator of guns Ronnie Barrett did not work on some arms company, was not chartered spices and though he had little to do with weapons, as a former law enforcement officer, but rank it at the time to the level of people who have a direct relation to the arms industry obviously impossible. Yet, at the age of 28 in 1982, he constructed in his own basement garage first rifle M82. I do not know anyone, but I have only one question appears on this fact, no matter how many years I have received for the same design, no matter how unique it was not. Not to mention how to test for it to buy ammunition, simply because the calculations on paper creation tools are not limited to, the design should be brought «to mind» when it is already done in iron. But leave the question of people’s abilities in different countries, even more so, as it turns out that the presence of abilities does not always detect the presence of success. It happened at the initial stage and instrument Barrett. Apparently, the pension of former police officers in the United States is not the greatest, because in the beginning of the creation of guns Ronnie Barrett did not even plan to do, and decided to go for a more conventional way. Received a patent for his design, he decided to realize the right to establishment and future development of this tool one of the big arms companies, but none of them are not interested in the latest mnogokalibernoy rifle. It was quite surprising, because in the midst of the companies that were invited to make such a purchase, and were sighted such giants as Winchester and Fabrique National. In general, while such tools really at that time had simply come. Yet, in spite of the trouble with the sale of rights to the gun, Barrett did not give up, got into debt, but opened his small company that is engaged in the creation of MMA mnogokalibernoy sniper rifle. Ronnie Barrett midst of customers was not initially military nor the athletes were only amateurs who learned of the few sources of weapons and a small company that produces it. For this reason, it is not unusual that the first years of its activity the company Barrett Firearms Manufacturing teetered on the brink of bankruptcy. Perceptible is also the time that at this time the M82 was upgraded to the M82A1, which is one hundred percent original version replaced the gun that was never the same and constantly developing. When it was necessary to think about how to close the company and bury the idea to develop, manufacture and sell mnogokalibernye sniper rifles suddenly came salvation. Salvation came in the form of Swedish army in 1989, which immediately ordered 100 units of guns. It is not only pushed up the company, and forced to pay attention to this rifle is the U.S. Army, even more so just at this time it is specifically required to implement.
Start the countdown relevance mnogokalibernyh sniper rifles can be different, even many pretty impressive uphold a position that the beginning of the spread SWR can be considered, the spread of anti-tank guns. In my eyes as a moderate, mainly the starting point for the development of such weapons was the operations «Desert Shield» and «Desert Storm.» Specifically, there is one of the largest armies in the world desperately needed a long-range weapon and clear, capable of hitting not only the manpower on exposed areas, and for light shelters, also for the destruction of light armored vehicles and tf. Well, naturally demand generated proposal, rather, raised, because the offer was already very long. Stepping back a bit away from the topic of mnogokalibernyh Barrett sniper rifles, it should be noted that these military actions more seriously raised the issue of decommissioning of 5.56 cartridge, which was much less effective Russian 7.62. Thus, according to the memoirs of the participants in these events, they often found themselves under fire AKM, which simply could not answer because of excellent smallest effective range of the munition. Thus, according to U.S. Army soldiers in certain situations sighting shot, they could also respond faster worrisome if aimed fire. But, as we know, «the WHO and now there ‘, and although the question of substitution of 5.56 to 6.7 millimeter something — a burning issue is very exciting and, let us return to our sheep, in other words,» Barrett. » Initially, 125 units were bought guns for Marines, after a short time had tasted what it did for the animal «Barrett M82A1», connected to the procurement of almost everything. Even the U.S. Army Air Force is not left behind, and besides the army decided to purchase this weapon and the police, however, why such a rifle enforcement officers, we can only guess. Clearly the number of rifles that were ordered not clear, but the Barrett notes that while the most difficult in his life because of the orders did not rebound and had to work day and night, with all this, addressing issues of expanding ventures, and more and more new contract the supply of guns. But, of course, so could not last forever.
At some point the excitement with mnogokalibernymi Barrett rifles subsided, and it was another lull. To Barrett’s company began again in poverty, it was necessary to continue to develop his instrument, creating new versions and implementing something new.
In general, the history of modifications mnogokalibernyh Barrett sniper rifles quite exciting and diverse. Despite the fact that embodied Barrett albeit not at the root of the latest automation system for his own gun, but it was close to the perfect for mnogokalibernoy rifle. Yet, the question is pretty strong recoil guns remained open. Realizing that different dampers greatly affect the trunk and on the reliability and the accuracy of the guns, Barrett began experimenting with a muzzle brake, recoil compensators, trying to find a compromise between their design decreasing returns and the least impact on the ballistics of bullets. Midst designs muzzle brake-compensator initial recoil options Barrett sniper rifles meet a variety of their own device. Although the principle of the act all of them similar, but the results of their implementation are different. Consider all options muzzle brakes, recoil compensators, we will not only necessary to note that the one by which you can accurately recognize Barrett sniper rifle, in the form of an arrowhead, appeared in 1986.
After the army and everyone «satisfied» M82A1, the market appeared unthinkable — mnogokalibernaya sniper rifle, the main objectives of which were air. In fact M82A2 was designed for a long time before the emergence of the market, in 1987 she was ready to launch in the establishment. But because the company has not the best times, it remained in the form of an experienced reference. You can not argue with the fact that a similar instrument curious, but in Ronnie Barrett apparently forgot that air targets flying at several other speeds than, say, during the First World War and into the jet fighter when he is in the air rifle it could only case. So Makar, the only likely targets for this weapon were helicopters, and on them, despite a higher possibility of such guns shoot was not quite clever and effective occupation. For this reason, this rifle, gathered in the assembly «bullpup» and almost lying on the shoulder of the arrow has not received any distribution, except that a small number of enthusiasts has directed attention to this model gun.
Follow the model of a family of sniper rifles, Barrett became M82A1M. The fact that, due to the urgent need for mnogokalibernoy sniper rifle in the U.S. Army, apparently have forgotten that they have their own requirements for weapons, so take what is. Apparently, thinking about them, of Barrett was made on the development of custom rifle is quite befitting requirements. So it was that modernization M82A1. Unlike his own predecessor, this model has three bipod, removable open sights on a failure of the optical sight, removable carry handle guns and longish guide type «Picatinny» almost one-half the length of the receiver.
Marines as usual decided to stand out and show your newest rifle to have their demands, so there M82A3. So open the rifle sights made nesemnymi, bar fastening decided to throw a longish, it secured a telescopic sight, and carry handle guns. Bipod under no butt. Rifle itself is made of lightweight, by reducing to a minimum thickness of probable parts. Also, some changes were made and the muzzle brake compensator recoil.
Subsequent rifles usually allocate a separate site, but we’re not fooled. M107 and M107CQ represent nothing else like M82A1M redeveloped. Modernization was to change the material from which made instrument that has lowered the weight of the rifle and its longevity increment. Has also been changed and the development of production of the barrel, but exactly how it changed, of course, no one reads. Models differ among themselves only in the length of the barrel. Little more designed for use in armored vehicles, for weapons in landing from the air. Nor can we pass passing OSW, a grenade shots caliber 25 mm, which also is based on the rifle M82A1M.
Automatic sniper rifle Barrett M82 family is built on the principle of non-long stroke trunk. In the normal position, the shutter closes the bore 3 lugs. When fired, due to the pressure of powder gases on the Donets liner linked together bolt and barrel begin to move backwards. After traveling a distance of 25 mm, the shutter begins to turn, opening the bore. Rotates the shutter through the interaction of the tide on its surface and the recess in the bolt carrier. With all this the main «trick» the entire automation system that the trunk in decoupling is not just hitting the frame braked slowly or stops due to revertible spring and passes through the gate of the remaining energy arm, speeding it up. Shutter continues to move backwards, removing the spent case from the chamber. When he reached the rearmost point of its own, the shutter stops, with all this drummer fixed sear. Under the action of 2-revertible own springs and trunk, and the shutter start to move forward with all the shutter shall be sent a new cartridge in the chamber and turns locking bore, back, because of the interaction of the tide on its surface you figure cutout in the frame.
Well, now fly in the ointment for all lovers mnogokalibernyh sniper rifles. Accuracy regardless of model M82 using cartridges match-class 1.5-2 angular minute. Speaking in our opinion, a deviation from the aiming point will be about 20-30 cm at a distance of 500 meters. Generally, for the gun, which initially was designed to defeat light armored vehicles, the result is completely satisfactory, but oh so this rifle for anything else, decide for yourself, do not forget to make adjustments automatic. Somewhere in the comments to the article on RT-20 was the phrase «Barrett COX», so that’s — whether they rule. Naturally, this is far not all models, bearing the name of Barrett, there is still a really describe high-precision weapons, but, in my opinion, the family quickly M82 antitank guns closer to the beginning of time the second world war, if a sniper weapon.