Discovered volcano that shook the entire medieval world

October 2, 2013. Samalas volcano on the island of Lombok in the Indonesian province West Nusa Tenggara, caused disaster people on the planet. Almost 750 years ago, the tropical giant released into the atmosphere about 40 cubic kilometers of ash, changing weather in many parts of the world and destroying the local civilization.

In order to prove the guilt of the volcano, an international team of scientists, which included representatives of the United Kingdom, Indonesia, France and Switzerland, had to visit different areas of the planet, including the Arctic and Antarctic. By the way, it was in centuries-old ice of the north and south poles have found traces of sulfur and particles of volcanic dust, which led scientists to trace.

Thus, the analysis of ice cores from Greenland reveal an increased concentration tephra — Volcanic deposits and sulfur correlated with those in the ice of Antarctica. In addition, the annual rings in charred trunks from Indonesia showed that they are not under the second half of the century XIII.

Professor Frank Lavin (Franck Lavigne) From the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University believes that his work is somewhat similar to the investigation of the crime.

"We did not know the culprit, but have information on the time and the possible locations of the event — says Dr. Lavin. — A wide range of circumstantial evidence, such as traces of volcanic ash and sulfur allowed to find the charge of an ancient catastrophe. "

Scientists turn brushed aside "suspects" from Mexico, Ecuador and New Zealand, has not remained the only possible candidate who meets all the parameters. In Article in the journal PNAS, scientists led not only to prove the guilt of the volcano Samalas, but also referred to as the exact date of the eruption — 1257.

Today the volcano on the island of Lombok have only crater lake. However, local people results in the ancient chronicles, according to which came down from the mountains giant cloud, that destroyed thousands of people and devastated the capital Aborigines — Pamatan city.

It is noteworthy that the European sources are also numerous records showing that in 1258, following the eruption was the "year without a summer." The data on the frequent frosts, rains, floods and crop failures. In addition, according to the chronicles of Arras, a town in northern France, winter 1258 was unusually warm in front of "frost barely held over two days in January were blooming violets, strawberries and apples."

In addition, recent excavations in the catacombs of London have revealed a mass grave, which may refer to the second half of the XIII century. Scientists believe that climate change and crop failure and famine have caused massive loss of life in Europe at the time.

Add that, according to experts Samalas eruption was the largest in the last 3700 years. Emissions of ash Samalas eight times exceeded Krakatau (1883) and twice as Tambora (1815).

Source: Lead

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