Experts RSC Energia approved specifications of the new ship


  • Layout PTK NP on the stand RSC "Energia" at the MAKS 2009
  • Layout PTK NP on the stand RSC "Energia" at the MAKS 2009

Experts approved the technical characteristics of the new Russian manned spacecraft, told the RIA "Novosti" president-general designer RSC "Energia" Vitaly Lopota.

In April 2009, the Corporation "Energia" won the tender to develop the conceptual design perspective Russian manned spacecraft.

"There is a stage of technical design. Making a final decision on the appearance of the spacecraft. It must be such as to fly to the moon in the appropriate complex, including the upper stage, which will provide the opposite return, and the upper stage, which will form a trajectory to the Moon" — said Lopota.

"If we talk about the spacecraft, he should be able to enter the Earth's atmosphere with the escape velocity and the temperature of the heating surface of the device will be much more than three thousand degrees Celsius. But to deduce such a spacecraft, for example, for a flight to the Moon we need to be mass was about 20 tons, and the required capacity of the launch of the carrier was 120-130 tons, "- said the general designer RSC" Energia ".

According to him, in order for Russia to be competitive, we must understand that the U.S. is going to create its own manned spacecraft in the years 2018-2020.

"But Russia with existing technologies can provide only the excretion of 60-70 tons. Therefore, such a mission we could carry on dvuhpuskovoy scheme. So first start — it's a spacecraft plus booster that will provide a return to the Moon's orbit, and the second start-up output upper stage, which will ensure the formation of the trajectory to the Moon. They will dock in low Earth orbit, "- added Lopota.

Earlier, the head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin reported that the new Russian manned spacecraft on which it will be possible to perform long flights and go to the moon, will be created by 2018, the same year it will begin unmanned test. A new Russian manned spacecraft, which in the future may replace the "Unions" will be able to fly not only to the ISS, but also to the moon. Provides for the establishment of several modifications of the ship, intended to be operated at the Earth and lunar orbit, the spacecraft repair, as well as information from the orbit of broken-down satellites and large pieces of debris. Manned spacecraft will land next generation is ten times more accurate than the "Union" through the use of parachute-rocket landing system.

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