Addiction — a problem that underlies addiction. Leaders in the dependence potential are considered heroin, nicotine, cocaine, alcohol and barbiturates.
There are two components of dependence — physical and psychological dependence. Physical dependence cause not all drugs. For example, a physical dependence on LSD, cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy and other substances not found.
The most dangerous from the viewpoint of making physical dependence are opiates (morphine, heroin, etc.).
Physical addiction takes place after a period of abstinence syndrome (breaking). There are a number of methods to facilitate the break-up — painkillers, anti-anxiety medications, special exercises, auditory training. However, the best way today to get rid of physical dependence is a detox program. This technique speeds up the break-up, causing the body to get rid of the drug is not for two weeks, as it usually is, and for six hours. During the procedure, the patient is under anesthesia.
A number of drug treatment disapprove of detoxification. It is extremely painful and unpleasant breaking, in their view, an important factor that keeps recovering addicts from returning to the reception of psychoactive substances. There are statistical data showing the frequency of relapses in addicts without resorting to artificial detoxification, lower than that of patients who underwent breaking under anesthesia.
Psychic dependence is a more serious problem.
In the struggle with the mental addiction takes an integrated approach should be used at the same time the maximum possible treatments.
One of the most common in our day component of an integrated treatment of mental addiction to opiates is blocked for a long patient's susceptibility to the drug using drugs such as naloxone or naltrexone. Under the influence of these funds do not have a heroin injection on the patient no effect. On the other hand, there is danger of overdose addict seeks to achieve the effect, introduces himself extra doses without getting the necessary experiences, and can die of depression of the respiratory center.
This method allows you to continue the fight against disease relapse, even if accidentally. Without blocking the susceptibility to opiates each injection interrupts the healing process, causing the re-start treatment from scratch.
Directly to address the various psychological disorders psychotherapy methods. In the fight against drug addiction is considered mandatory use of different schools of psychotherapy, hypnosis is widely used, peer support groups (Narcotics Anonymous), and much, much more. Talk about the relative effectiveness of these technologies is meaningless, because susceptibility to the different methods of purely individual.
The psychological impact of blocking and susceptibility to opiates is usually accompanied by a comprehensive medical support aimed at improving the overall health status, treatment of chronic diseases, drug correction mood.
In conclusion, it must be said about the number of "hyped" methods of struggle with addiction.
Stereotactic brain surgery
Widely unwound technique allegedly used in the St. Petersburg "Brain Institute." Such interventions are prohibited in the civilized world. The principle underlying this method can be compared with trying to fix a bug Windows, biting cutter wiring inside the computer.
Methadone — a synthetic long-acting opioid. The essence of the methadone program is that the heroin addict's first adapted to methadone, and then gradually abolish the drug. Since methadone longer valid, the breakdown lasts longer, but much more gently. Therefore, the body is easier to tolerate withdrawal. Since methadone, like most other opioids, is a controlled substance, this method is only available in licensed clinics.
By this term is meant a form of psychotherapy for patients — "shock therapy." The essence of the intervention is not as important when coding the main thing — to impress the patient, which used a variety of chemical, physical and psychological "special effects". The effectiveness of the method depends primarily on the degree of suggestibility of the subject. On the addicts who usually had a lot of chances to become distrustful of others, method operates with an efficiency of 3.2 percent.