In the Northern Hemisphere in 1816 was the summer

May 31, 2013. The reason for this anomaly was the natural eruption of the Tambora volcano, which is located on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. For settlement 200 years it was the most violent eruption of the volcano. Ash rose into the air to a height of 2.5 km. This explosion was the fact that was destroyed by the upper part of the mountain. In the air was ejected 145 km? rocks, ash and toxic gases. Many people who have witnessed the eruption of the volcano and the tsunami that it triggered, have suffered from a lung infection because the air was too much sulfur. The eruption ceased in June 1815-the first year, but the smoke rose into the air before the end of August.

The fields that were near the volcano were burned by lava, and the rest were covered with ashes. This was the reason that Indonesia has increased sharply food shortages. A large amount of ash, of sulfuric acid particles, which are in the atmosphere, sunlight is blocked, and therefore, in place of the spring and summer In 1816 there reigned volcanic winter. The average temperature is? 0,7 ° C, while in the north-eastern part of North America was'' haze'', which was described as a'' curtain'' stratospheric sulfate aerosols.

Frost destroyed most of the crops. In some parts of the hemisphere during May the temperature was below zero. In Canada that summer at the snow fell, though it is quite unusual for this country. In Europe, there were problems. In England and Ireland, died harvest, as the temperature was unusually low. In Germany, prices rose sharply in food products, thereby sowing panic in many European cities. In China, killing forests and rice fields. In India, as the monsoon was delayed, dried up river Ganges. This has resulted in the spread of severe disease — cholera, which reached right up to Moscow.

Source: Telegraph News

SQL - 17 | 0,627 сек. | 7.4 МБ