Modern domestic heavy machinery: photo-excursion on the Izhora plants


 Photo source:slon.ru

The theater begins with a hanger, plant — with a pass … Fortunately, we can avoid uninteresting places. "Izhora Plants" have their own steel-making unit DSP-120 (electric arc furnace with a capacity of 120 tons) at a cost of 5 billion rubles. — Almost half of long-term investment "Izhora Plants" at 11 billion rubles. The furnace was launched in June 2009. And now here begins the production of any mainstream products, which manufactures factory:

* Equipment for the oil and gas industry;
* Equipment ("Izhora Plants" — a monopolist producing cases for nuclear reactors);
* The large mining equipment (in other words, excavators).

For example, for excavators you can smelt the usual steel, and for petrochemical reactors — characterized by its strength hrommolibdenvanadievuyu steel.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Looking at this modern stove is difficult to imagine that the "Admiralty Izhora Plants" were created almost 300 years ago, back in 1722. And in the 12 years prior to that date on the river Izhora on the orders of Prince Menshikov built a dam and water-powered saw-mill for cutting wood, going to build ships. So the plant — almost the same age as St. Petersburg, which Peter I founded in 1703.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Technology for the production of cases of nuclear reactors and vessels for the petrochemical industry at first no different. Customer requirements for both types of products are similar, and in some ways even nuclear scientists are less demanding. Production of steel billets or "shell" (open cylindrical or conical structures, used in the manufacture of welded vessels) performed at Europe's largest automated forging cell capacity of 12,000 ton-forces.


 Photo source:slon.ru

As a result of privatization of the plant was a part of one of the largest Russian corporations — "OMZ" (OMZ), also known as a group of "OMZ". Its largest shareholder was Bendukidze. He has always been considered one of the largest employers in Russia, in particular, led the Committee on Tax and Budget Policy Entrepreneurs in the status of its vice-president. But in fact, Bendukidze was not the super-rich: for example, the magazine "Finance." In 2006 estimated his capital of only $ 60 million and then never included in the rankings.

In 2005, Bendukidze sold OMZ group of investors led by "Gazprombank" and went to Georgia, where he accepted the offer to the young and the promising President Mikhail Saakashvili to head the Ministry of Economic Development (photo: continued production of shell).


 Photo source:slon.ru

Machining equipment can handle products with a diameter of 12 meters, a height of 7 meters and weighing up to 400 tons. As far as the process is complex and time-consuming? To understand the "Izhora plants" are only going to increase the production capacity of 3-4 reactors for nuclear power plants and petrochemical 8-10 vessels per year.


 Photo source:slon.ru

But so goes welding future reactors. Modern equipment allows you to perform any of its forms, including the internal corrosion surfacing. Thanks to the technology of the local heat treatment of welded joints can make products almost unlimited length.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Hydrocracking reactor (one of the ways of refining) DS-302 by the order of "TAIF-NK" is ready. Weight — 212 tons, diameter — 4.8 meters in length — about 15 meters. The contract for its manufacture was signed in November 2010, the delivery took place in October 2011.

Now "Izhora Plants" is still in production 12 products for different purposes for Russian refineries. Among them — the two mega-capacitive device weighing more than 1,300 tons of belonging to "Rosneft" Tuapse refinery. They are designed for deep oil and fuel produce Euro-5 standard.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Usually, only the company designs and manufactures vessels (petrochemical reactors). But it was for the first time in Taif his practice "Izhora Plants" also pledged to deliver and install the unit in the operating position at the refinery. Such large objects are delivered by water. To do this, the cargo pier on the river Neva company built the road, and has developed a special route on public roads.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Cargo berth in the village. Ust-Slav.


 Photo source:slon.ru

And this is a shell of a nuclear reactor to the steam generator. A little about the principles of nuclear power plants. A huge amount of heat that is released during a nuclear reaction heats water in the steam generator. It, in turn, affects the water in the second heat exchange circuit. The thus obtained high pressure steam supplied to the turbine blades in the turbine hall. In turn, they rotate the shaft of an electricity generator.


 Photo source:slon.ru

In the early stages of the production technology of reactors for nuclear power plants and the petrochemical industry is not very different. So we immediately went to the control assembly of the reactor vessel internals with. You can look inside!


 Photo source:slon.ru

"Izhora Plants" also provide housing for nuclear reactors to the world market. And as one of the players in this market to them can affect the recent accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant in Fukushima. And it was not that she was interrupted by a nuclear renaissance in Europe, the Germans decided to completely abandon nuclear power in favor of the first heat, then — the alternative. Still, Germany and France have never been among the markets in which the company was going to sell their products. The main country for her (except for Russia, of course) — China and India. But here, perhaps only a change in regulatory requirements and security measures, which will delay the certification process and the issuance of permits, and ultimately slow down the construction of new facilities (in the photo: the assembled body of the reactor).


 Photo source:slon.ru

As for Russia, it is still "Izhora plants" were domestic monopoly in the production of cases for nuclear reactors. But this state of affairs is not satisfied with Rosatom. For a long time corporation unsuccessfully tried to negotiate with the "Gazprombank" to buy back its shares in the "Izhora Plants." And in the end decided to organize its own production of hulls to "Petrozavodskmash" (PZM). The new company should earn in 2014, the investment will amount to 80 million euros. It PZM won the tender for the supply of housing for the Baltic nuclear reactor nuclear power plant, asking for 20 million rubles. (2%) less "Izhora Plants" (photo: ready for shipment reactor vessel).


 Photo source:slon.ru

The reactor vessel is assembled — can be sent to the customer. This is designed for installation at Novovoronezh NPP-2. In July, he was taken to the place, the installation is scheduled for December, the final will start in 2013.

Delivery casing which weighs 330 tons, is traditionally held — water transport. In total, the barge being towed broke the 3,800 miles — the Neva, Ladoga and Onega lakes, the Volga-Baltic Canal, the Volga and the Don. The last part of the path already in the Voronezh region, was the most difficult: because of the shortage of rainfall the river became shallow strongly.

The thermal power of the reactor will be 3000 MW, it will provide 1,200 MW of electricity generation. For this indicator, it will become the leader in Russia.


 Photo source:slon.ru

The next type of product — a large mining machinery. Thanks to our own foundry "Izhora plants" provide a full cycle of manufacturing of steel castings. Bottoms, sides and bucket teeth, track links, frames, rims, body gear — all blanks are made here.


 Photo source:slon.ru

The processing and control assembly of the basic units of excavators also takes place directly on the premises.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Further components are delivered by rail to the customer, and is already in place (in this case — Krasnobrodsky coal mine MC "KRU") is going to shovel. We have to use the crane.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Of course, ants excavating near future people will not look, but all the same idea of the size of the future colossus give.


 Photo source:slon.ru

Meet excavator EKG-32P with a bucket capacity of 32 cubic meters and a working weight of 950 tons — the most powerful excavator of the "direct mechanical shovel," ever made in the Soviet Union and Russia. And the first in Russia, which is equipped with the alternating current.


 Photo source:slon.ru

And finally: in "Izhora Plants" has even its own flag, reminiscent of Russia's current state flag. Enterprise it granted in 1908 to its highest command of Emperor Nicholas II with the words "For Services to Russia."

Due to the mismatch flag Company Art. 8 of the Constitution in 2007, the chairman of the Heraldry Council under President George Vilinbakhov affirmed the right of "Izhora plants" use flag on the company, which is an integral part of its historical heritage.

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