Saving the snow leopard

  • Ounce in nature (and not in a zoo)
  • Ounce in nature (and not in a zoo)

According to WWF Russia over the last 10 years, the snow leopard (Snow Leopard) in Russia was stabilized. And in the Republic of Tyva population even increased slightly. And the big news — managed to find a snow leopard, where he was considered to have exterminated.

Ounce in the valley still has Argut

 

With "camera traps" in the valley for the first time confirmed Argut snow leopard.

Website WWF in Russia reported that first obtained photographic evidence of snow leopard habitat in the Red River Valley Argut (Altai Republic), where once the largest grouping of predator was virtually destroyed by poachers

Experts Altai Reserve with the support of the Altai — Sayan branch of WWF brought last expedition camera trap footage depicting the snow leopard on Argut.

In February, WWF reported that the first in the history of the Altai Mountains pictures of snow leopards have been received on the ridge Chikhacheva in the Altai Republic in the monitoring of WWF. Snow Leopard defiled before the lens, show off your back. And — again, already the June photo from the ridge and the first Chikhacheva argutskie!

In the spring, after many months of research in the valley Argut specialists have been able to discover here the traces of the snow leopard. At the site of fixation marks 24 March and camera traps were installed, and on April 6 the first predator really hit "sight" camera. The second visit was recorded on April 29, and the third — on May 9. Three cameras from different angles made more than 50 pictures of this rare and mysterious predator.

According to leader of the expedition to monitor the snow leopard, the state inspector Altai Reserve Sergei Spitsyna: "During the last expedition, we once again have pictures of leopard on a ridge Chikhacheva, but here he got to us in the frame before. It is important that we have the first-ever footage argutskogo leopard! In the valley of the river Argut worked three automatic cameras, we have received more than 50 pictures, which are now going to process. Pre-we can say that, apparently, is not one, but two individuals "posing" in front of camera traps. It is amazing that the activity of poachers — petelschikov, several IRBiS on Argut just managed to survive. It is important to focus efforts on restoring argutskoy groups, given that the conditions for the snow leopard habitat here — some of the best in Russia — an abundance of deer and ibex, suitable landscape . "

Argutskaya group rarest predator in 30 — 40 individuals in the Altai Republic was previously considered the largest in Russia. There are so many snow leopards there throughout the Altai Mountains. Recent studies using modern methods (the camera — camera traps and DNA analysis) have shown — the group has been severely undermined by the snow leopard poaching 90s., The worst kind of which is illegal extraction of animals using wire loops — udavok.

The fact of the presence of snow leopards at Argut prirodoohranikam gives hope for recovery is rare predator groups following the favorable habitat of the abundance of food items — Siberian mountain goat and deer. Camera traps have refined the area where it is to concentrate further efforts to protect the snow leopard.

In addition, WWF reported on the results of a decade of hard work on monitoring and conservation of snow leopards in Russia.

"If in 2002, the number of snow leopards in Russia is estimated at 150-200 individuals, the study 2003-2011 .. (Using a set of traditional and modern methods) have shown that the actual number of species in Russia is at least two times less — not more than 80 — 100 individuals (2.1% of the total number of species in the world) — comments Michael Paltsyn, one of the authors of the "Conservation of the snow leopard in Russia," project coordinator WWF.

The results of the studies presented in this publication are made in the last ten years through the work of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), "Biodiversity Conservation in the Russian Portion of the Altai — Sayan Ecoregion" .

The first "The strategy of conservation of the snow leopard in Russia" (2002) proposed a general approach to the conservation of this species in our country due to lack of it at the time of study and the limited experience of snow leopards in Russia. Materials 2012 generalize years of experience focused research and conservation SNOW leopard. These data will form the basis of preparing a new version of the Strategy of the snow leopard in Russia (2012-2022 gg.), Which is currently under consideration by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

As a result of the implementation of the Strategy for the conservation of the snow leopard 2001 — 2011 gg.:

· Refined data on the distribution and abundance of key species groups in Russia in the Republics of Altai, Tuva, in the southern part of the Krasnoyarsk Territory;

· Supported by the UNDP / GEF and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia developed a monitoring program of the snow leopard in Russia (2009);

· Modern methods of research, such as the method photo-traps and analysis of DNA included in the practice of monitoring programs species;

· Intensified anti-poaching activities, primarily aimed at combating illegal loop fishing in habitats of rare predator;

· Creation of new protected areas, including national park "Sailyugem"Parks"Ukok"And"Ak-Cholushpa"In the Altai Republic, a nature park"Shuya " in the Republic of Tuva and the Federal Reserve "Pozar"In the Republic of Khakassia;

· Number of successful projects to reduce conflicts between pastoralists and irbis Western Tuva;

· Started the development program Small Business, first of all, ecological and rural tourism for local residents living in the habitat of the snow leopard, as an alternative to poaching;

· Organize cooperation between Russia and Mongolia Study and Conservation of cross-border grouping of species.

As a result of a series of measures the number of key groups of the snow leopard in Russia could be maintained at a stable level and even increase slightly in the South-western Tuva

However, today the greatest threat to the survival of the species at a Russian poaching, particularly loop fishing — Illegal mining of animals with wire loops, mostly installed on musk deer, which gets and snow leopard. Loop fishing in areas of snow leopards in the Altai, Tuva and Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Republic of Buryatia prevent recovery of their predators (eg, in the basin. Argut, in the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory).

Additional Information:

In our country, the snow leopard inhabits the northern limit of the current range and forms only a few stable groupings in optimal habitats — in the mountains of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.

Snow Leopard is still poorly known species in virtue of its secretive lifestyle and hard habitats. Very little is known about the biology and ecology of this rare predator, and its numbers within the current range is defined highly conditional. Very few people get to see snow leopard in the wild,
much more of his invisible presence in the mountains say trace fossils of this cautious predator.

Snow Leopard is included in the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and has the status of a rare or endangered species in all 12 countries of its current range.

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